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Hosea 6:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And let us know, let us follow on to know Jehovah: his going forth is sure as the morning; and he will come unto us as the rain, as the latter rain that watereth the earth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “So let us know, let us press on to know the LORD. His going forth is as certain as the dawn; And He will come to us like the rain, Like the spring rain watering the earth.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he will come to us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain to the earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and we shall know,—we shall follow on to know Jehovah: his going forth is assured as the morning dawn; and he will come unto us as the rain, as the latter rain which watereth the earth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then let us know—let us press on to know—Yahweh, Like the dawn, is his coming forth assured,—that he may come like a down-pour upon us, like the harvest-rain, [and] the seed-rain of the land.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And we know—we pursue to know Jehovah, As the dawn prepared is His going forth, And He cometh in as a shower to us, As gathered rain—sprinkling earth.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He will revive us after two days: on the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. We shall know, and we shall follow on, that we may know the Lord. His going forth is prepared as the morning light, and he will come to us as the early and the latter rain to the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then shal we know, if we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared, as the morning; & he shall come vnto vs, as the raine; as the latter and former raine vnto the earth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— let us follow on to know the Lord: we shall find him ready as the morning, and he will come to us as the early and latter rain to the earth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know Yahweh: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then shall we know, 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[if] we follow y7291
[7291] Standard
רָדַף
radaph
{raw-daf'}
A primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively (of time) gone by).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
on x7291
(7291) Complement
רָדַף
radaph
{raw-daf'}
A primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively (of time) gone by).
to know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhw יָהוֶה: 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
his going forth 4161
{4161} Prime
מוֹצָא
mowtsa'
{mo-tsaw'}
From H3318; a going forth, that is, (the act) an egress, or (the place) an exit; hence a source or product; specifically dawn, the rising of the sun (the East), exportation, utterance, a gate, a fountain, a mine, a meadow (as producing grass).
is prepared 3559
{3559} Prime
כּוּן
kuwn
{koon}
A primitive root; properly to be erect (that is, stand perpendicular);. hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
as the morning; 7837
{7837} Prime
שַׁחַר
shachar
{shakh'-ar}
From H7836; dawn (literally, figuratively or adverbially).
and he shall come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto us as the rain, 1653
{1653} Prime
גֶּשֶׁם
geshem
{gheh'-shem}
From H1652; a shower.
as the latter 4456
{4456} Prime
מַלְקוֹשׁ
malqowsh
{mal-koshe'}
From H3953; the spring rain (compare H3954); figuratively eloquence.
[and] former rain y3384
[3384] Standard
יָרָה
yarah
{yaw-raw'}
A primitive root; properly to flow as water (that is, to rain); transitively to lay or throw (especially an arrow, that is, to shoot); figuratively to point out (as if by aiming the finger), to teach.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
x3138
(3138) Complement
יוֹרֶה
yowreh
{yo-reh'}
Active participle of H3384; sprinkling; hence a sprinkling (or autumnal showers).
unto the earth. 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 6:3

_ _ know, if we follow on to know the Lord — The result of His recovered favor (Hosea 6:2) will be onward growth in saving knowledge of God, as the result of perseverance in following after Him (Psalms 63:8; Isaiah 54:13). “Then” implies the consequence of the revival in Hosea 6:2. The “if” is not so much conditional, as expressive of the means which God’s grace will sanctify to the full enlightenment of Israel in the knowledge of Him. As want of “knowledge of God” has been the source of all evils (Hosea 4:1; Hosea 5:4), so the knowledge of Him will bring with it all blessings; yea, it is “life” (John 17:3). This knowledge is practice, not mere theory (Jeremiah 22:15, Jeremiah 22:16). Theology is life, not science; realities, not words. This onward progress is illustrated by the light of “morning” increasing more and more “unto the perfect day” (Proverbs 4:18).

_ _ prepared — “is sure,” literally, “fixed,” ordered in His everlasting purposes of love to His covenant-people. Compare “prepared of God” (Genesis 41:32, Margin; Revelation 12:6). Jehovah shall surely come to the relief of His people after their dark night of calamity.

_ _ as the morning — (2 Samuel 23:4).

_ _ as the rain ... latter ... former — (Job 29:23; Joel 2:23). First, “the rain” generally is mentioned; then the two rains (Deuteronomy 11:14) which caused the fertility of Palestine, and the absence of which was accounted the greatest calamity: “the latter rain” which falls in the latter half of February, and during March and April, just before the harvest whence it takes its name, from a root meaning “to gather”; and “the former rain,” literally, “the darting rain,” from the middle of October to the middle of December. As the rain fertilizes the otherwise barren land, so God’s favor will restore Israel long nationally lifeless.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 6:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 6:3

Know — What worship he requires. And the knowledge of God shall be to us a spring of all holy, righteous, sober conversation. Follow on — By a diligent attendance to the word, and works of God, we shall know experimentally, how holy, how good, how faithful God is. His going forth — Before his people; his gracious, faithful, holy, just, and wise providence, for his peoples good and comfort. As the morning — As sure, beautiful, grateful, and as clear as the morning; which dispels the darkness, and proclaims its own approach. As the rain — Which revives, makes it fruitful, beautifies it, and gives a new face to all.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we know:

Hosea 2:20 I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the LORD.
Isaiah 54:13 And all thy children [shall be] taught of the LORD; and great [shall be] the peace of thy children.
Jeremiah 24:7 And I will give them an heart to know me, that I [am] the LORD: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God: for they shall return unto me with their whole heart.
Micah 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

if:

Proverbs 2:1-5 My son, if thou wilt receive my words, and hide my commandments with thee; ... Then shalt thou understand the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge of God.
Matthew 13:11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.
John 7:17 If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or [whether] I speak of myself.
Acts 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.
Philippians 3:13-15 Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended: but [this] one thing [I do], forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, ... Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you.
Hebrews 3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;

his going:

2 Samuel 23:4 And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
Psalms 19:4 Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,
Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Luke 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
2 Peter 1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:
Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.

as the rain:

Hosea 10:12 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in mercy; break up your fallow ground: for [it is] time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain righteousness upon you.
Hosea 14:5 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass:
Job 29:23 And they waited for me as for the rain; and they opened their mouth wide [as] for the latter rain.
Psalms 65:9 Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, [which] is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it.
Psalms 72:6 He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass: as showers [that] water the earth.
Isaiah 5:6 And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
Isaiah 32:15 Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest.
Isaiah 44:3 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:
Ezekiel 36:25 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.
Joel 2:23-24 Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first [month]. ... And the floors shall be full of wheat, and the fats shall overflow with wine and oil.
Micah 5:7 And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many people as a dew from the LORD, as the showers upon the grass, that tarrieth not for man, nor waiteth for the sons of men.
Zechariah 10:1 Ask ye of the LORD rain in the time of the latter rain; [so] the LORD shall make bright clouds, and give them showers of rain, to every one grass in the field.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:2. 2S 23:4. Jb 29:23. Ps 19:4; 65:9; 72:6. Pv 2:1; 4:18. Is 5:6; 32:15; 44:3; 54:13. Jr 24:7. Ezk 36:25. Ho 2:20; 10:12; 14:5. Jol 2:23. Mi 4:2; 5:7. Zc 10:1. Mal 4:2. Mt 13:11. Lk 1:78. Jn 7:17; 17:3. Ac 17:11. Php 3:13. He 3:14. 2P 1:19. Rv 22:16.

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