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Hosea 5:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore Israel and Ephraim shall stumble in their iniquity; Judah also shall stumble with them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore shall Israel and Ephraim fall in their iniquity; Judah also shall fall with them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Moreover, the pride of Israel testifies against him, And Israel and Ephraim stumble in their iniquity; Judah also has stumbled with them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore shall Israel and Ephraim fall in their iniquity; Judah also shall fall with them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Israel's pride doth testify to his face; and Israel and Ephraim shall fall by their iniquity: Judah also shall fall with them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore will the Excellency of Israel, answer, to his face,—and, Israel and Ephraim, shall stumble in their iniquity, even Judah with them, hath stumbled.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And humbled hath been the excellency of Israel to his face, And Israel and Ephraim stumble by their iniquity, Stumbled also hath Judah with them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the pride of Israel shall answer in his face: and Israel, and Ephraim shall fall in their iniquity, Juda also shall fall with them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the pride of Israel doth testifie to his face: therefore shall Israel and Ephraim fall in their iniquity: Iudah also shall fall with them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the pride of Israel shall be brought low before his face; and Israel and Ephraim shall fall in their iniquities; and Judah{gr.Judas} also shall fall with them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the pride of Yisrael doth testify to his face: therefore shall Yisrael and Efrayim fall in their iniquity; Yehudah also shall fall with them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the pride 1347
{1347} Prime
גָּאוֹן
ga'own
{gaw-ohn'}
From H1342; the same as H1346.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
doth testify 6030
{6030} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to his face: 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
therefore shall Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
and Efrayim אֶפרַיִם 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
fall 3782
{3782} Prime
כָּשַׁל
kashal
{kaw-shal'}
A primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication to falter, stumble, faint or fall.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
in their iniquity; 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
shall fall 3782
{3782} Prime
כָּשַׁל
kashal
{kaw-shal'}
A primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication to falter, stumble, faint or fall.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 5:5

_ _ the pride of Israel — wherewith they reject the warnings of God’s prophets (Hosea 5:2), and prefer their idols to God (Hosea 7:10; Jeremiah 13:17).

_ _ testify to his face — openly to his face he shall be convicted of the pride which is so palpable in him. Or, “in his face,” as in Isaiah 3:9.

_ _ Judah ... shall fall with them — This prophecy is later than Hosea 4:15, when Judah had not gone so far in idolatry; now her imitation of Israel’s bad example provokes the threat of her being doomed to share in Israel’s punishment.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 5:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 5:5

Doth testify — Is an evident witness against him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 5:5

And the (e) pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore shall Israel and Ephraim fall in their iniquity; Judah also shall fall with them.

(e) Meaning their condemning of all admonitions.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the pride:

Hosea 7:10 And the pride of Israel testifieth to his face: and they do not return to the LORD their God, nor seek him for all this.
Proverbs 30:13 [There is] a generation, O how lofty are their eyes! and their eyelids are lifted up.
Isaiah 3:9 The shew of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide [it] not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.
Isaiah 9:9-10 And all the people shall know, [even] Ephraim and the inhabitant of Samaria, that say in the pride and stoutness of heart, ... The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the sycomores are cut down, but we will change [them into] cedars.
Isaiah 28:1-3 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty [is] a fading flower, which [are] on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine! ... The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet:

testify:

Isaiah 44:9 They that make a graven image [are] all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they [are] their own witnesses; they see not, nor know; that they may be ashamed.
Isaiah 59:12 For our transgressions are multiplied before thee, and our sins testify against us: for our transgressions [are] with us; and [as for] our iniquities, we know them;
Jeremiah 14:7 O LORD, though our iniquities testify against us, do thou [it] for thy name's sake: for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against thee.
Matthew 23:31 Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets.
Luke 19:22 And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, [thou] wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow:

fall in:

Hosea 4:5 Therefore shalt thou fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall with thee in the night, and I will destroy thy mother.
Hosea 14:1 O Israel, return unto the LORD thy God; for thou hast fallen by thine iniquity.
Proverbs 11:5 The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness.
Proverbs 11:21 [Though] hand [join] in hand, the wicked shall not be unpunished: but the seed of the righteous shall be delivered.
Proverbs 14:32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous hath hope in his death.
Proverbs 24:16 For a just [man] falleth seven times, and riseth up again: but the wicked shall fall into mischief.
Amos 5:2 The virgin of Israel is fallen; she shall no more rise: she is forsaken upon her land; [there is] none to raise her up.

Judah:

Hosea 5:14 For I [will be] unto Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of Judah: I, [even] I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none shall rescue [him].
Hosea 8:14 For Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and buildeth temples; and Judah hath multiplied fenced cities: but I will send a fire upon his cities, and it shall devour the palaces thereof.
2 Kings 17:19-20 Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. ... And the LORD rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight.
Ezekiel 23:31-35 Thou hast walked in the way of thy sister; therefore will I give her cup into thine hand. ... Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast forgotten me, and cast me behind thy back, therefore bear thou also thy lewdness and thy whoredoms.
Amos 2:4-5 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they have despised the law of the LORD, and have not kept his commandments, and their lies caused them to err, after the which their fathers have walked: ... But I will send a fire upon Judah, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 17:19. Pv 11:5, 21; 14:32; 24:16; 30:13. Is 3:9; 9:9; 28:1; 44:9; 59:12. Jr 14:7. Ezk 23:31. Ho 4:5; 5:14; 7:10; 8:14; 14:1. Am 2:4; 5:2. Mt 23:31. Lk 19:22.

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