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Hosea 5:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Their doings will not suffer them to turn unto their God; for the spirit of whoredom is within them, and they know not Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They will not frame their doings to turn unto their God: for the spirit of whoredoms [is] in the midst of them, and they have not known the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Their deeds will not allow them To return to their God. For a spirit of harlotry is within them, And they do not know the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They will not frame their doings to turn to their God: for the spirit of lewdness [is] in the midst of them, and they have not known the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Their doings do not allow them to return unto their God; for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they know not Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Their doings, will not suffer, them to return unto their God,—for, the spirit of unchastity, is within them, and, Yahweh, have they not known.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— They give not up their habitual doings, To turn back unto their God, For a spirit of whoredoms [is] in their midst, And Jehovah they have not known.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They will not set their thoughts to return to their God: for the spirit of fornication is in the midst of them, and they have not known the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They will not frame their doings to turne vnto their God: for the spirit of whoredomes [is] in the midst of them, and they haue not knowen the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They have not framed their counsels to return to their God, for the spirit of fornication is in them, and they have not known the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They will not frame their doings to turn unto their Elohim: for the spirit of whoredoms [is] in the midst of them, and they have not known Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They will not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
frame 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their doings 4611
{4611} Prime
מַעֲלָל
ma`alal
{mah-al-awl'}
From H5953; an act (good or bad).
to turn 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
their lhm אֱלֹהִים: 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of whoredoms 2183
{2183} Prime
זָנוּן
zanuwn
{zaw-noon'}
From H2181; adultery; figuratively idolatry.
[is] in the midst 7130
{7130} Prime
קֶרֶב
qereb
{keh'-reb}
From H7126; properly the nearest part, that is, the centre, whether literally, figuratively or adverbially (especially with preposition).
of them, and they have not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
known 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 5:4

_ _ They — Turning from a direct address to Ephraim, he uses the third person plural to characterize the people in general. The Hebrew is against the Margin, their doings will not suffer them” the omission of “them” in the Hebrew after the verb being unusual. The sense is, they are incurable, for they will not permit (as the Hebrew literally means) their doings to be framed so as to turn unto God. Implying that they resist the Spirit of God, not suffering Him to renew them; and give themselves up to “the spirit of whoredoms” (in antithesis to “the Spirit of God” implied in “suffer” or “permit”) (Hosea 4:12; Isaiah 63:10; Ezekiel 16:43; Acts 7:51).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 5:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
They will not frame their doings:
Heb. They will not give, Or, their doings will not suffer them.
Psalms 36:1-4 [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David the servant of the LORD.]] The transgression of the wicked saith within my heart, [that there is] no fear of God before his eyes. ... He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way [that is] not good; he abhorreth not evil.
Psalms 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation [that] set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.
John 3:19-20 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. ... For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
2 Thessalonians 2:11-12 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: ... That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

for:

Hosea 4:12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused [them] to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
Jeremiah 50:38 A drought [is] upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it [is] the land of graven images, and they are mad upon [their] idols.

and:

Hosea 4:1 Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because [there is] no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land.
1 Samuel 2:12 Now the sons of Eli [were] sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.
Psalms 9:10 And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.
Jeremiah 9:6 Thine habitation [is] in the midst of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know me, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 9:24 But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I [am] the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these [things] I delight, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 22:15-16 Shalt thou reign, because thou closest [thyself] in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, [and] then [it was] well with him? ... He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then [it was] well [with him: was] not this to know me? saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 24:7 And I will give them an heart to know me, that I [am] the LORD: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God: for they shall return unto me with their whole heart.
John 8:55 Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying.
John 16:3 And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me.
1 John 2:3-4 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. ... He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 2:12. Ps 9:10; 36:1; 78:8. Jr 9:6, 24; 22:15; 24:7; 50:38. Ho 4:1, 12. Jn 3:19; 8:55; 16:3. 2Th 2:11. 1Jn 2:3.

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