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Hosea 5:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me; for now, O Ephraim, thou hast played the harlot, Israel is defiled.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me: for now, O Ephraim, thou committest whoredom, [and] Israel is defiled.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hidden from Me; For now, O Ephraim, you have played the harlot, Israel has defiled itself.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me: for now, O Ephraim, thou art guilty of lewdness, [and] Israel is defiled.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me; for now, Ephraim, thou hast committed whoredom; Israel is defiled.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I, have known Ephraim, and, Israel, hath not been hidden from me,—for, now, hast thou committed unchastity, O Ephraim, Israel, hath made himself impure.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have known Ephraim, And Israel hath not been hid from me, For now thou hast gone a-whoring, Ephraim, Defiled is Israel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me for now Ephraim hath committed fornication, Israel is defiled.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me: for now, O Ephraim, thou committest whordome, [and] Israel is defiled.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I know Ephraim, and Israel is not far from me: for now Ephraim has gone grievously a-whoring, Israel is defiled.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I know Efrayim, and Yisrael is not hid from me: for now, O Efrayim, thou committest whoredom, [and] Yisrael is defiled.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
´Efrayim אֶפרַיִם, 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
and Yi$rä´ël יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
is not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
hid 3582
{3582} Prime
כָּחַד
kachad
{kaw-khad'}
A primitive root; to secrete, by act or word; hence (intensively) to destroy.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
me: for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
now, x6258
(6258) Complement
אַתָּה
`attah
{at-taw'}
From H6256; at this time, whether adverbial, conjugational or expletive.
O ´Efrayim אֶפרַיִם, 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
thou committest whoredom, 2181
{2181} Prime
זָנָה
zanah
{zaw-naw'}
A primitive root (highly fed and therefore wanton); to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple forniciation, rarely of involuntary ravishment); figuratively to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
[and] Yi$rä´ël יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
is defiled. 2930
{2930} Prime
טָמֵא
tame'
{taw-may'}
A primitive root; to be foul, especially in a ceremonial or moral sense (contaminated).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 5:3

_ _ Ephraim — the tribe so called, as distinguished from “Israel” here, the other nine tribes. It was always foremost of the tribes of the northern kingdom. For four hundred years in early history, it, with Manasseh and Benjamin, its two dependent tribes, held the pre-eminence in the whole nation. Ephraim is here addressed as foremost in idolatry.

_ _ I how ... not hid from me — notwithstanding their supposed profound cunning (Hosea 5:2; Revelation 2:2, Revelation 2:9, Revelation 2:13, Revelation 2:19).

_ _ now — “though I have been a rebuker of all them” (Hosea 5:2) who commit such spiritual whoredoms, thou art now continuing in them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 5:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 5:3

I know (d) Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me: for now, O Ephraim, thou committest whoredom, [and] Israel is defiled.

(d) They boasted themselves not only to be Israelites, but also Ephraimites, because their King Jeroboam came from that tribe.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
know:

Amos 3:2 You only have I known of all the families of the earth: therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities.
Hebrews 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things [are] naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.
Revelation 3:15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.

Ephraim:

Hosea 5:9 Ephraim shall be desolate in the day of rebuke: among the tribes of Israel have I made known that which shall surely be.
Hosea 5:11 Ephraim [is] oppressed [and] broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.
Hosea 5:13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah [saw] his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.
Hosea 6:4 O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, what shall I do unto thee? for your goodness [is] as a morning cloud, and as the early dew it goeth away.
Hosea 8:11 Because Ephraim hath made many altars to sin, altars shall be unto him to sin.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
Hosea 13:1 When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.
Genesis 48:19-20 And his father refused, and said, I know [it], my son, I know [it]: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations. ... And he blessed them that day, saying, In thee shall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh.
Deuteronomy 33:17 His glory [is like] the firstling of his bullock, and his horns [are like] the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they [are] the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they [are] the thousands of Manasseh.
Isaiah 7:5 Because Syria, Ephraim, and the son of Remaliah, have taken evil counsel against thee, saying,
Isaiah 7:8-9 For the head of Syria [is] Damascus, and the head of Damascus [is] Rezin; and within threescore and five years shall Ephraim be broken, that it be not a people. ... And the head of Ephraim [is] Samaria, and the head of Samaria [is] Remaliah's son. If ye will not believe, surely ye shall not be established.
Isaiah 7:17 The LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; [even] the king of Assyria.

thou:

Hosea 4:17-18 Ephraim [is] joined to idols: let him alone. ... Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers [with] shame do love, Give ye.
1 Kings 12:26-33 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: ... So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, [even] in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.
1 Kings 14:14-16 Moreover the LORD shall raise him up a king over Israel, who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day: but what? even now. ... And he shall give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin.
Ezekiel 23:5-21 And Aholah played the harlot when she was mine; and she doted on her lovers, on the Assyrians [her] neighbours, ... Thus thou calledst to remembrance the lewdness of thy youth, in bruising thy teats by the Egyptians for the paps of thy youth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 48:19. Dt 33:17. 1K 12:26; 14:14. Is 7:5, 8, 17. Ezk 23:5. Ho 4:17; 5:9, 11, 13; 6:4; 8:11; 12:1; 13:1. Am 3:2. He 4:13. Rv 3:15.

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