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Hosea 5:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah [saw] his wound, then went Ephraim to Assyria, and sent to king Jareb: but he is not able to heal you, neither will he cure you of your wound.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah [saw] his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When Ephraim saw his sickness, And Judah his wound, Then Ephraim went to Assyria And sent to King Jareb. But he is unable to heal you, Or to cure you of your wound.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah [saw] his wound, then Ephraim went to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet he could not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his sore, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb; but he was unable to heal you, nor hath he removed your sore.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When Ephraim, saw, his injury, and Judah his wound, then went Ephraim unto Assyria, and [Judah] sent unto a hostile king,—yet, he, cannot heal you, nor will the wound, remove from you.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And see doth Ephraim his sickness, and Judah his wound, And Ephraim goeth unto Asshur, And sendeth unto a warlike king, And he is not able to give healing to you, Nor doth he remove from you a scar.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Ephraim saw his sickness, and Juda his band: and Ephraim went to the Assyrian, and sent to the avenging king: and he shall not be able to heal you, neither shall he be able to take off the band from you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— When Ephraim saw his sicknesse, and Iudah [saw] his wound: then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Iareb; yet could he not heale you, nor cure you of your wound.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Ephraim saw his disease, and Judah{gr.Judas} his pain; then Ephraim went to the Assyrians, and sent ambassadors to king Jarim: but he could not heal you, and your pain shall in nowise cease from you.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— When Efrayim saw his sickness, and Yehudah [saw] his wound, then went Efrayim to the Ashshur, and sent to king Yarev: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
When Efrayim אֶפרַיִם 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his sickness, 2483
{2483} Prime
חֳלִי
choliy
{khol-ee'}
From H2470; malady, anxiety, calamity.
and Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
[saw] x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his wound, 4205
{4205} Prime
מָזוֹר
mazowr
{maw-zore'}
From H2115 in the sense of binding up; a bandage, that is, remedy; hence a sore (as needing a compress).
then went y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
Efrayim אֶפרַיִם 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the Ar אַשּׁוּר, 804
{0804} Prime
אַשּׁוּר
'Ashshuwr
{ash-shoor'}
Apparently from H0833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire.
and sent 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
Yrv יָרֵב: 3377
{3377} Prime
יָרֵב
Yareb
{yaw-rabe'}
From H7378; he will contend; Jareb, a symbolical name for Assyria.
z8677
<8677> Grammar
Synonym Strong's Number

Sometimes, a word or phrase has individual Strong's numbers assigned to it and it has an additional Strong's number for the entire phrase.
y7378
[7378] Standard
רִיב
riyb
{reeb}
A primitive root; properly to toss, that is, grapple; mostly figuratively to wrangle, that is, hold a controversy; (by implication) to defend.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
yet could 3201
{3201} Prime
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
heal 7495
{7495} Prime
רָפָא
rapha'
{raw-faw'}
A primitive root; properly to mend (by stitching), that is, (figuratively) to cure.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
you, nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
cure 1455
{1455} Prime
גָּהָה
gahah
{gaw-haw'}
A primitive root; to remove (a bandage from a wound, that is, heal it).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
you of your wound. 4205
{4205} Prime
מָזוֹר
mazowr
{maw-zore'}
From H2115 in the sense of binding up; a bandage, that is, remedy; hence a sore (as needing a compress).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 5:13

_ _ wound — literally, “bandage”; hence a bandaged wound (Isaiah 1:6; Jeremiah 30:12). “Saw,” that is, felt its weakened state politically, and the dangers that threatened it. It aggravates their perversity, that, though aware of their unsound and calamitous state, they did not inquire into the cause or seek a right remedy.

_ _ went ... to the Assyrian — First, Menahem (2 Kings 15:19) applied to Pul; again, Hoshea to Shalmaneser (2 Kings 17:3).

_ _ sent to King Jareb — Understand Judah as the nominative to “sent.” Thus, as “Ephraim saw his sickness” (the first clause) answers in the parallelism to “Ephraim went to the Assyrian” (the third clause), so “Judah saw his wound” (the second clause) answers to (Judah) “sent to King Jareb” (the fourth clause). Jareb ought rather to be translated, “their defender,” literally, “avenger” [Jerome]. The Assyrian “king,” ever ready, for his own aggrandizement, to mix himself up with the affairs of neighboring states, professed to undertake Israel’s and Judah’s cause; in Judges 6:32, Jerub, in Jerub-baal is so used, namely, “plead one’s cause.” Judah, under Ahaz, applied to Tiglath-pileser for aid against Syria and Israel (2 Kings 16:7, 2 Kings 16:8; 2 Chronicles 28:16-21); the Assyrian “distressed him, but strengthened him not,” fulfilling the prophecy here, “he could not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 5:8-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 5:13

His sickness — Weakness, like a consumption, threatening death. Then went — Made application. The Assyrian — Particularly to Israel or Pul.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 5:13

When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah [saw] his wound, then went Ephraim to (m) the Assyrian, and sent to king (n) Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.

(m) Instead of seeking for remedy from God's hand.

(n) Who was king of the Assyrians.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
his wound:

Jeremiah 30:12 For thus saith the LORD, Thy bruise [is] incurable, [and] thy wound [is] grievous.
Jeremiah 30:14 All thy lovers have forgotten thee; they seek thee not; for I have wounded thee with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one, for the multitude of thine iniquity; [because] thy sins were increased.
Micah 1:9 For her wound [is] incurable; for it is come unto Judah; he is come unto the gate of my people, [even] to Jerusalem.

went:

Hosea 7:11 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.
Hosea 10:6 It shall be also carried unto Assyria [for] a present to king Jareb: Ephraim shall receive shame, and Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
2 Kings 15:19 [And] Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.
2 Kings 15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
2 Kings 16:7 So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I [am] thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.
2 Chronicles 28:16-18 At that time did king Ahaz send unto the kings of Assyria to help him. ... The Philistines also had invaded the cities of the low country, and of the south of Judah, and had taken Bethshemesh, and Ajalon, and Gederoth, and Shocho with the villages thereof, and Timnah with the villages thereof, Gimzo also and the villages thereof: and they dwelt there.

to king Jareb:
or, to the king of Jareb; or, to the king that should plead

yet:

2 Chronicles 28:20-21 And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not. ... For Ahaz took away a portion [out] of the house of the LORD, and [out] of the house of the king, and of the princes, and gave [it] unto the king of Assyria: but he helped him not.
Jeremiah 30:15 Why criest thou for thine affliction? thy sorrow [is] incurable for the multitude of thine iniquity: [because] thy sins were increased, I have done these things unto thee.
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2K 15:19, 29; 16:7. 2Ch 28:16, 20. Jr 30:12, 14, 15. Ho 7:11; 10:6; 12:1. Mi 1:9.

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