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Hosea 5:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therefore am I unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore [will] I [be] unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore I am like a moth to Ephraim And like rottenness to the house of Judah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore [will] I [be] to Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will be unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, I, was like a moth, to Ephraim,—and like rotten wood to the house of Judah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I [am] as a moth to Ephraim, And as a rotten thing to the house of Judah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I will be like a moth to Ephraim: and like rottenness to the house of Juda.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore [wil] I [be] vnto Ephraim as a moth: and to the house of Iudah as rottennesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Therefore I [will be] as consternation to Ephraim, and as a goad to the house of Judah{gr.Juda}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore [will] I [be] unto Efrayim as a moth, and to the house of Yehudah as rottenness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore [will] I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
[be] unto Efrayim אֶפרַיִם 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
as a moth, 6211
{6211} Prime
עָשׂ
`ash
{awsh}
From H6244; a moth.
and to the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
as rottenness. 7538
{7538} Prime
רָקָב
raqab
{raw-kawb'}
From H7537; decay (by caries).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 5:12

_ _ as a moth — consuming a garment (Job 13:28; Psalms 39:11; Isaiah 50:9).

_ _ Judah ... rottenness — Ephraim, or the ten tribes, are as a garment eaten by the moth; Judah as the body itself consumed by rottenness (Proverbs 12:4). Perhaps alluding to the superiority of the latter in having the house of David, and the temple, the religious center of the nation [Grotius]. As in Hosea 5:13, Hosea 5:14, the violence of the calamity is prefigured by the “wound” which “a lion” inflicts, so here its long protracted duration, and the certainty and completeness of the destruction from small unforeseen beginnings, by the images of a slowly but surely consuming moth and rottenness.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 5:8-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 5:12

A moth — Moths leisurely eat up our clothes; so God was then, and had been, from Jeroboam's death, weakening the ten tribes. As rottenness — Secretly consuming them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as a:

Job 13:28 And he, as a rotten thing, consumeth, as a garment that is moth eaten.
Isaiah 50:9 Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who [is] he [that] shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up.
Isaiah 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation from generation to generation.

as:

Proverbs 12:4 A virtuous woman [is] a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed [is] as rottenness in his bones.

rottenness:
or, a worm,
Jonah 4:7 But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered.
Mark 9:44-48 Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. ... Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 13:28. Pv 12:4. Is 50:9; 51:8. Jna 4:7. Mk 9:44.

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