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Hosea 5:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment; because he was content to walk after [man's] command.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ephraim [is] oppressed [and] broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, Because he was determined to follow [man’s] command.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ephraim [is] oppressed [and] broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, because in selfwill he walked after the commandment [of man].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Oppressed, is Ephraim, crushed in judgment,—because he hath, wilfully, walked after falsehood.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Oppressed is Ephraim, broken in judgment, When he pleased he went after the command.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Ephraim is under oppression, and broken in judgment: because he began to go after filthiness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ephraim is oppressed, [and] broken in iudgement: because he willingly walked after the commandement.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Ephraim altogether prevailed against his adversary, he trod judgment under foot, for he began to go after vanities.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Efrayim [is] oppressed [and] broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
´Efrayim אֶפרַיִם 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
[is] oppressed 6231
{6231} Prime
עָשַׁק
`ashaq
{aw-shak'}
A primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, that is, oopress, defraud, violate, overflow.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
[and] broken 7533
{7533} Prime
רָצַץ
ratsats
{raw-tsats'}
A primitive root; to crack in pieces, literally or figuratively.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
in judgment, 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he willingly 2974
{2974} Prime
יָאַל
ya'al
{yaw-al'}
A primitive root (probably rather the same as H2973 through the idea of mental weakness); properly to yield, especially assent; hence (positively) to undertake as an act of volition.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
walked 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
the commandment. 6673
{6673} Prime
צַו
tsav
{tsav}
From H6680; an injunction.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 5:11

_ _ broken in judgment — namely, the “judgment” of God on him (Hosea 5:1).

_ _ walked after the commandment — Jeroboam’s, to worship the calves (2 Kings 10:28-33). Compare Micah 6:16, “the statutes of Omri,” namely, idolatrous statutes. We ought to obey God rather than men (Acts 5:29). Jerome reads “filthiness.” The Septuagint gives the sense, not the literal translation: “after vanities.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 5:8-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 5:11

Ephraim — The ten tribes are by seditions, civil wars, unjust sentences, and bloody conspiracies eaten up already. After the commandment — To forbear going to the temple, and to worship the calves at Dan and Bethel, as Jeroboam the son of Nebat commanded.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 5:11

Ephraim [is] oppressed [and] broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the (l) commandment.

(l) That is, after King Jeroboam's commandment, and did not rather follow God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
oppressed:

Deuteronomy 28:33 The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway:
2 Kings 15:16-20 Then Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that [were] therein, and the coasts thereof from Tirzah: because they opened not [to him], therefore he smote [it; and] all the women therein that were with child he ripped up. ... And Menahem exacted the money of Israel, [even] of all the mighty men of wealth, of each man fifty shekels of silver, to give to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned back, and stayed not there in the land.
2 Kings 15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
Amos 5:11-12 Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them. ... For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate [from their right].

he willingly:

1 Kings 12:26-33 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: ... So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, [even] in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.
Micah 6:16 For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and ye walk in their counsels; that I should make thee a desolation, and the inhabitants thereof an hissing: therefore ye shall bear the reproach of my people.
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Dt 28:33. 1K 12:26. 2K 15:16, 29. Am 5:11. Mi 6:16.

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