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Hosea 4:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They feed on the sin of my people, and set their heart on their iniquity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They feed on the sin of My people And direct their desire toward their iniquity.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They eat the sin of my people, and their soul longeth for their iniquity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sin of my people, they do eat,—and. unto their iniquity, lift they up every man his desire.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The sin of My people they do eat, And unto their iniquity lift up their soul.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They shall eat the sins of my people, and shall lift up their souls to their iniquity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They eate vp the sinne of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquitie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They will devour the sins of my people, and will set their hearts on their iniquities.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They eat up 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the sin 2403
{2403} Prime
חַטָּאָה
chatta'ah
{khat-taw-aw'}
From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender.
of my people, 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
and they set 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their heart 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
on x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
their iniquity. 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 4:8

_ _ eat ... sin of my people — that is, the sin offerings (Leviticus 6:26; Leviticus 10:17). The priests greedily devoured them.

_ _ set their heart on their iniquity — literally, “lift up the animal soul to lust after,” or strongly desire. Compare Deuteronomy 24:15, Margin; Psalms 24:4; Jeremiah 22:27. The priests set their own hearts on the iniquity of the people, instead of trying to suppress it. For the more the people sinned, the more sacrificial victims in atonement for sin the priests gained.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 4:6-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 4:8

They — The priests who minister to the idols. The sin — Probably by sin is meant sin — offering, in which the priest had his share. And they — Covetous, luxurious, idolatrous priests.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 4:8

(i) They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.

(i) That is, the priests seek to eat the people's offerings, and flatter them in their sins.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
eat:

Leviticus 6:26 The priest that offereth it for sin shall eat it: in the holy place shall it be eaten, in the court of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Leviticus 7:6-7 Every male among the priests shall eat thereof: it shall be eaten in the holy place: it [is] most holy. ... As the sin offering [is], so [is] the trespass offering: [there is] one law for them: the priest that maketh atonement therewith shall have [it].

set their heart on their iniquity:
Heb. lift up their soul to their iniquity,
1 Samuel 2:29 Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded [in my] habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?
Psalms 24:4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.
Psalms 25:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Unto thee, O LORD, do I lift up my soul.
Isaiah 56:11 Yea, [they are] greedy dogs [which] can never have enough, and they [are] shepherds [that] cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.
Ezekiel 14:3 Son of man, these men have set up their idols in their heart, and put the stumblingblock of their iniquity before their face: should I be enquired of at all by them?
Ezekiel 14:7 For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel, which separateth himself from me, and setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumblingblock of his iniquity before his face, and cometh to a prophet to enquire of him concerning me; I the LORD will answer him by myself:
Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the LORD, and say, [Is] not the LORD among us? none evil can come upon us.
Malachi 1:10 Who [is there] even among you that would shut the doors [for nought]? neither do ye kindle [fire] on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand.
Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
Titus 1:11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 6:26; 7:6. 1S 2:29. Ps 24:4; 25:1. Is 56:11. Ezk 14:3, 7. Mi 3:11. Mal 1:10. Ro 16:18. Tit 1:11. 2P 2:3.

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