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Hosea 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— There is nought but swearing and breaking faith, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery; they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [There is] swearing, deception, murder, stealing and adultery. They employ violence, so that bloodshed follows bloodshed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery,—they break out; and blood toucheth blood.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Cursing and lying, and killing and stealing, and committing adultery, have broken forth, and, blood-shedding, unto blood-shedding, doth extend.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Swearing, and lying, and murdering, And stealing, and committing adultery—have increased, And blood against blood hath touched.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Cursing, and lying, and killing, and theft, and adultery, have overflowed, and blood hath touched blood.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adulterie, they breake out, and blood toucheth blood.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Cursing, and lying, and murder, and theft, and adultery abound in the land, and they mingle blood with blood.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By swearing, 422
{0422} Prime
אָלָה
'alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; properly to adjure, that is, (usually in a bad sense) imprecate.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and lying, 3584
{3584} Prime
כָּחַשׁ
kachash
{kaw-khash'}
A primitive root; to be untrue, in word (to lie, feign, disown) or deed (to disappoint, fail, cringe).
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
and killing, 7523
{7523} Prime
רָצַח
ratsach
{raw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to dash in pieces, that is, kill (a human being), especially to murder.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and stealing, 1589
{1589} Prime
גָּנַב
ganab
{gaw-nab'}
A primitive root; to thieve (literally or figuratively); by implication to deceive.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and committing adultery, 5003
{5003} Prime
נָאַף
na'aph
{naw-af'}
A primitive root; to commit adultery; figuratively to apostatize.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
they break out, 6555
{6555} Prime
פָּרַץ
parats
{paw-rats'}
A primitive root; to break out (in many applications, direct and indirect, literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and blood 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
toucheth 5060
{5060} Prime
נגע
naga`
{naw-gah'}
A primitive root; properly to touch, that is, lay the hand upon (for any purpose; euphemistically, to lie with a woman); by implication to reach (figuratively to arrive, acquire); violently, to strike (punish, defeat, destroy, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
blood. 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 4:2

_ _ they break out — bursting through every restraint.

_ _ blood toucheth blood — literally, “bloods.” One act of bloodshed follows another without any interval between (see 2 Kings 15:8-16, 2 Kings 15:25; Micah 7:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 4:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 4:2

Break out — As waters that swell above all banks. Toucheth blood — Slaughters are multiplied; so that the end of one is the beginning of another.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 4:2

By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and (b) blood toucheth blood.

(b) In every place appears a liberality to most wicked vices, so that one follows right after another.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
swearing:

Isaiah 24:5 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.
Isaiah 48:1 Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, [but] not in truth, nor in righteousness.
Isaiah 59:2-8 But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid [his] face from you, that he will not hear. ... The way of peace they know not; and [there is] no judgment in their goings: they have made them crooked paths: whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace.
Isaiah 59:12-15 For our transgressions are multiplied before thee, and our sins testify against us: for our transgressions [are] with us; and [as for] our iniquities, we know them; ... Yea, truth faileth; and he [that] departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: and the LORD saw [it], and it displeased him that [there was] no judgment.
Jeremiah 5:1-2 Run ye to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if ye can find a man, if there be [any] that executeth judgment, that seeketh the truth; and I will pardon it. ... And though they say, The LORD liveth; surely they swear falsely.
Jeremiah 5:7-9 How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by [them that are] no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots' houses. ... Shall I not visit for these [things]? saith the LORD: and shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?
Jeremiah 5:26-27 For among my people are found wicked [men]: they lay wait, as he that setteth snares; they set a trap, they catch men. ... As a cage is full of birds, so [are] their houses full of deceit: therefore they are become great, and waxen rich.
Jeremiah 6:7 As a fountain casteth out her waters, so she casteth out her wickedness: violence and spoil is heard in her; before me continually [is] grief and wounds.
Jeremiah 7:6-10 [If] ye oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place, neither walk after other gods to your hurt: ... And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations?
Jeremiah 9:2-8 Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men; that I might leave my people, and go from them! for they [be] all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men. ... Their tongue [is as] an arrow shot out; it speaketh deceit: [one] speaketh peaceably to his neighbour with his mouth, but in heart he layeth his wait.
Jeremiah 23:10-14 For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land mourneth; the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up, and their course is evil, and their force [is] not right. ... I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.
Ezekiel 22:2-13 Now, thou son of man, wilt thou judge, wilt thou judge the bloody city? yea, thou shalt shew her all her abominations. ... Behold, therefore I have smitten mine hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast made, and at thy blood which hath been in the midst of thee.
Ezekiel 22:25-30 [There is] a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the treasure and precious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof. ... And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.
Micah 2:1-3 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practise it, because it is in the power of their hand. ... Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, against this family do I devise an evil, from which ye shall not remove your necks; neither shall ye go haughtily: for this time [is] evil.
Micah 3:2 Who hate the good, and love the evil; who pluck off their skin from off them, and their flesh from off their bones;
Micah 3:9 Hear this, I pray you, ye heads of the house of Jacob, and princes of the house of Israel, that abhor judgment, and pervert all equity.
Micah 6:10 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure [that is] abominable?
Micah 7:2 The good [man] is perished out of the earth: and [there is] none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood; they hunt every man his brother with a net.
Zephaniah 3:1 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!
Zechariah 5:3 Then said he unto me, This [is] the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth: for every one that stealeth shall be cut off [as] on this side according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off [as] on that side according to it.
Zechariah 7:9 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother:

blood:
Heb. bloods

toucheth:

Hosea 5:2 And the revolters are profound to make slaughter, though I [have been] a rebuker of them all.
Hosea 6:9 And as troops of robbers wait for a man, [so] the company of priests murder in the way by consent: for they commit lewdness.
Lamentations 4:13 For the sins of her prophets, [and] the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her,
Matthew 23:35 That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.
Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
1 Thessalonians 2:15 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:
Revelation 17:6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 24:5; 48:1; 59:2, 12. Jr 5:1, 7, 26; 6:7; 7:6; 9:2; 23:10. Lm 4:13. Ezk 22:2, 25. Ho 5:2; 6:9. Mi 2:1; 3:2, 9; 6:10; 7:2. Zp 3:1. Zc 5:3; 7:9. Mt 23:35. Ac 7:52. 1Th 2:15. Rv 17:6.

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