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Hosea 4:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ephraim is joined to idols; let him alone.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ephraim [is] joined to idols: let him alone.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Ephraim is joined to idols; Let him alone.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ephraim [is] joined to idols: let him alone.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —Ephraim is joined to idols: leave him alone.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Mated with idols, is Ephraim, let him alone.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Joined to idols [is] Ephraim, let him alone.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Ephraim is a partaker with idols, let him alone.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ephraim [is] ioyned to idoles: let him alone.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Ephraim, joined with idols, has laid stumbling-blocks in his own way.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Efrayim [is] joined to idols: let him alone.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
´Efrayim אֶפרַיִם 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
[is] joined 2266
{2266} Prime
חָבַר
chabar
{khaw-bar'}
A primitive root; to join (literally or figuratively); specifically (by means of spells) to fascinate.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
to idols: 6091
{6091} Prime
עָצָב
`atsab
{aw-tsawb'}
From H6087; an (idolatrous) image.
let him alone. y3240
[3240] Standard
יָנַח
yanach
{yaw-nakh'}
A primitive root; to deposit; by implication to allow to stay. (The Hiphil forms with the dagesh are here referred to, in accordance with the older grammarians; but if any distinction of the kind is to be made, these should rather be referred to H5117, and the others here).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
x5117
(5117) Complement
נוּחַ
nuwach
{noo'-akh}
A primitive root; to rest, that is, settle down; used in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, intransitively, transitively and causatively (to dwell, stay, let fall, place, let alone, withdraw, give comfort, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 4:17

_ _ Ephraim — the ten tribes. Judah was at this time not so given to idolatry as afterwards.

_ _ joined to — closely and voluntarily; identifying themselves with them as a whoremonger becomes one flesh with the harlot (Numbers 25:3; 1 Corinthians 6:16, 1 Corinthians 6:17).

_ _ idols — The Hebrew means also “sorrows,” “pains,” implying the pain which idolatry brings on its votaries.

_ _ let him alone — Leave him to himself. Let him reap the fruits of his own perverse choice; his case is desperate; say nothing to him (compare Jeremiah 7:16). Here Hosea 4:15 shows the address is to Judah, to avoid the contagion of Israel’s bad example. He is bent on his own ruin; leave him to his fate, lest, instead of saving him, thou fall thyself (Isaiah 48:20; Jeremiah 50:8; Jeremiah 51:6, Jeremiah 51:45; 2 Corinthians 6:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 4:12-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 4:17

Ephraim — The children of Ephraim were numerous and potent, and here put for the whole ten tribes. Let him alone — He is obstinate, as such, throw him up.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Ephraim:

Hosea 11:2 [As] they called them, so they went from them: they sacrificed unto Baalim, and burned incense to graven images.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
Hosea 13:2 And now they sin more and more, and have made them molten images of their silver, [and] idols according to their own understanding, all of it the work of the craftsmen: they say of them, Let the men that sacrifice kiss the calves.

let:

Hosea 4:4 Yet let no man strive, nor reprove another: for thy people [are] as they that strive with the priest.
Psalms 81:12 So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: [and] they walked in their own counsels.
Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
Revelation 22:11 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 81:12. Ho 4:4; 11:2; 12:1; 13:2. Mt 15:14. Rv 22:11.

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