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Hosea 4:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, yet let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Beth-aven, nor swear, As Jehovah liveth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, [yet] let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, The LORD liveth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Though you, Israel, play the harlot, Do not let Judah become guilty; Also do not go to Gilgal, Or go up to Beth-aven And take the oath: “As the LORD lives!”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Though thou, Israel, playest the harlot, [yet] let not Judah offend; and come not ye to Gilgal, neither go ye up to Beth-aven, nor swear, The LORD liveth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, let not Judah trespass; and come ye not unto Gilgal, neither go up to Beth-aven, nor swear [As] Jehovah liveth!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Though unchaste art thou, O Israel, let not Judah, become guilty, neither let them enter Gilgal, nor go up to Beth-aven, and [then] swear, By the life of Yahweh!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Though a harlot thou [art], O Israel, Let not Judah become guilty, And come not ye in to Gilgal, nor go up to Beth-Aven, Nor swear ye, Jehovah liveth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If thou play the harlot, O Israel, at least let not Juda offend: and go ye not into Galgal, and come not up into Bethaven, and do not swear: The Lord liveth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Though thou Israel play the harlot, [yet] let not Iudah offend, and come not ye vnto Gilgal, neither goe ye vp to Beth-auen, nor sweare, The LORD liueth:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But thou, O Israel, be not ignorant, and go ye not, [men of] Judah{gr.Juda}, to Gilgal{gr.Galgala}; and go not up to the house of On, and swear not by the living Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Though thou, Yisrael, play the harlot, [yet] let not Yehudah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Beth Awen, nor swear, Yahweh liveth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Though x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
thou, x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
play the harlot, 2181
{2181} Prime
זָנָה
zanah
{zaw-naw'}
A primitive root (highly fed and therefore wanton); to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple forniciation, rarely of involuntary ravishment); figuratively to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[yet] let not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
offend; 816
{0816} Prime
אָשַׁם
'asham
{aw-sham'}
A primitive root; to be guilty; by implication to be punished or perish.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
ye unto Gilgl גִּלגָּל, 1537
{1537} Prime
גִּלְגָּל
Gilgal
{ghil-gawl'}
The same as H1536 (with the article as a properly noun); Gilgal, the name of three places in Palestine.
neither x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
go ye up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to B wen בֵּית־אָוֶן, 1007
{1007} Prime
בֵּית אָוֶן
Beyth 'Aven
{bayth aw'-ven}
From H1004 and H0205; house of vanity; Beth-Aven, a place in Palestine.
nor x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
swear, 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
liveth. 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 4:15

_ _ Though Israel’s ten tribes indulge in spiritual harlotry, at least thou, Judah, who hast the legal priesthood, and the temple rites, and Jerusalem, do not follow her bad example.

_ _ Gilgal — situated between Jordan and Jericho on the confines of Samaria; once a holy place to Jehovah (Joshua 5:10-15; 1 Samuel 10:8; 1 Samuel 15:21); afterwards desecrated by idol-worship (Hosea 9:15; Hosea 12:11; Amos 4:4; Amos 5:5; compare Judges 3:19, Margin).

_ _ Beth-aven — that is, “house of vanity” or idols: a name substituted in contempt for Beth-el, “the house of God”; once sacred to Jehovah (Genesis 28:17, Genesis 28:19; Genesis 35:7), but made by Jeroboam the seat of the worship of the calves (1 Kings 12:28-33; 1 Kings 13:1; Jeremiah 48:13; Amos 3:14; Amos 7:13). “Go up” refers to the fact that Beth-el was on a hill (Joshua 16:1).

_ _ nor swear, The Lord liveth — This formula of oath was appointed by God Himself (Deuteronomy 6:13; Deuteronomy 10:20; Jeremiah 4:2). It is therefore here forbidden not absolutely, but in conjunction with idolatry and falsehood (Isaiah 48:1; Ezekiel 20:39; Zephaniah 1:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 4:12-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 4:15

Offend — Commit like sins. Gilgal — Gilgal was chosen by Jeroboam, or by succeeding idolaters for the solemn worship of their idols. Beth — aven — Beth — el, where Jacob lodged, who called it Beth — el, the house of God; but when Jeroboam made it the place for his calf — worship, it became Beth — aven, the house of vanity or iniquity. Nor swear — This is a part put for the whole worship of God, which the prophet warns them not to blend with their idolatries.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 4:15

Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, [yet] (r) let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto (s) Gilgal, neither go ye up to (t) Bethaven, nor swear, The LORD liveth.

(r) God complains that Judah is infected, and wants them to learn to return in time.

(s) For even though the Lord had honoured this place by his presence, yet because it was abused by their idolatry, he did not want his people to resort there.

(t) He calls Bethel, that is, the house of God, Bethaven, that is, the house of iniquity, because of their abominations set up there, signifying that no place is holy, where God is not purely worshipped.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
play:

Hosea 4:12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused [them] to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
Jeremiah 3:6-10 The LORD said also unto me in the days of Josiah the king, Hast thou seen [that] which backsliding Israel hath done? she is gone up upon every high mountain and under every green tree, and there hath played the harlot. ... And yet for all this her treacherous sister Judah hath not turned unto me with her whole heart, but feignedly, saith the LORD.
Ezekiel 23:4-8 And the names of them [were] Aholah the elder, and Aholibah her sister: and they were mine, and they bare sons and daughters. Thus [were] their names; Samaria [is] Aholah, and Jerusalem Aholibah. ... Neither left she her whoredoms [brought] from Egypt: for in her youth they lay with her, and they bruised the breasts of her virginity, and poured their whoredom upon her.

yet:

Hosea 11:12 Ephraim compasseth me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet ruleth with God, and is faithful with the saints.
2 Kings 17:18-19 Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only. ... Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made.
Jeremiah 3:10-11 And yet for all this her treacherous sister Judah hath not turned unto me with her whole heart, but feignedly, saith the LORD. ... And the LORD said unto me, The backsliding Israel hath justified herself more than treacherous Judah.
Luke 12:47-48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes]. ... But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
Ephesians 5:11 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove [them].

Gilgal:

Hosea 9:15 All their wickedness [is] in Gilgal: for there I hated them: for the wickedness of their doings I will drive them out of mine house, I will love them no more: all their princes [are] revolters.
Hosea 12:11 [Is there] iniquity [in] Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars [are] as heaps in the furrows of the fields.
Amos 4:4 Come to Bethel, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, [and] your tithes after three years:
Amos 5:5 But seek not Bethel, nor enter into Gilgal, and pass not to Beersheba: for Gilgal shall surely go into captivity, and Bethel shall come to nought.

Bethaven:

Hosea 5:8 Blow ye the cornet in Gibeah, [and] the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud [at] Bethaven, after thee, O Benjamin.
Hosea 10:5 The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the priests thereof [that] rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.
Hosea 10:8 The high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars; and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us; and to the hills, Fall on us.
1 Kings 12:28-29 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves [of] gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. ... And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan.

nor:

Isaiah 48:1 Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, [but] not in truth, nor in righteousness.
Jeremiah 5:2 And though they say, The LORD liveth; surely they swear falsely.
Ezekiel 20:39 As for you, O house of Israel, thus saith the Lord GOD; Go ye, serve ye every one his idols, and hereafter [also], if ye will not hearken unto me: but pollute ye my holy name no more with your gifts, and with your idols.
Amos 6:10 And a man's uncle shall take him up, and he that burneth him, to bring out the bones out of the house, and shall say unto him that [is] by the sides of the house, [Is there] yet [any] with thee? and he shall say, No. Then shall he say, Hold thy tongue: for we may not make mention of the name of the LORD.
Amos 8:14 They that swear by the sin of Samaria, and say, Thy god, O Dan, liveth; and, The manner of Beersheba liveth; even they shall fall, and never rise up again.
Zephaniah 1:5-6 And them that worship the host of heaven upon the housetops; and them that worship [and] that swear by the LORD, and that swear by Malcham; ... And them that are turned back from the LORD; and [those] that have not sought the LORD, nor enquired for him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 12:28. 2K 17:18. Is 48:1. Jr 3:6, 10; 5:2. Ezk 20:39; 23:4. Ho 4:12; 5:8; 9:15; 10:5, 8; 11:12; 12:11. Am 4:4; 5:5; 6:10; 8:14. Zp 1:5. Lk 12:47. Ep 5:11.

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