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Hosea 2:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Or I will strip her naked And expose her as on the day when she was born. I will also make her like a wilderness, Make her like desert land And slay her with thirst.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and kill her with thirst.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her as a dry land, and slay her with thirst.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lest I strip off her under-clothing, and set her forth to view, as in the day she was born,—and make her like a wilderness, and render her like a land that is parched, and suffer her to die of thirst;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lest I strip her naked. And have set her up as [in] the day of her birth, And have made her as a wilderness, And have set her as a dry land, And have put her to death with thirst.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born: and I will make her as a wilderness, and will set her as a land that none can pass through and will kill her with drought.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that shee was borne, and make her as a wildernesse, and set her like a drie land, and slay her with thirst.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— that I may strip her naked, and make her again as she was at the day of her birth: and I will make her desolate, and make her as a dry land, and will kill her with thirst.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Lest x6435
(6435) Complement
פֵּן
pen
{pane}
From H6437; properly removal; used only (in the constructive) adverbially as conjugation lest.
I strip 6584
{6584} Prime
פָּשַׁט
pashat
{paw-shat'}
A primitive root; to spread out (that is, deploy in hostile array); by analogy to strip (that is, unclothe, plunder, flay, etc.).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
her naked, 6174
{6174} Prime
עָרוֹם
`arowm
{aw-rome'}
From H6191 (in its original sense); nude, either partially or totally.
and set 3322
{3322} Prime
יָצַג
yatsag
{yaw-tsag'}
A primitive root; to place permanently.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
her as in the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
that she was born, 3205
{3205} Prime
יָלַד
yalad
{yaw-lad'}
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
and make 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
her as a wilderness, 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
and set 7896
{7896} Prime
שִׁית
shiyth
{sheeth}
A primitive root; to place (in a very wide application).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
her like a dry 6723
{6723} Prime
צִיָּה
tsiyah
{tsee-yaw'}
From an unused root meaning to parch; aridity; concretely a desert.
land, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and slay 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
her with thirst. 6772
{6772} Prime
צָמָא
tsama'
{tsaw-maw'}
From H6770; thirst (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 2:3

_ _ set her as in the day ... born — (Ezekiel 16:4; Ezekiel 23:25, Ezekiel 23:26, Ezekiel 23:28, Ezekiel 23:29). The day of her political “birth” was when God delivered her from the bondage of Egypt, and set up the theocracy.

_ _ make her as a wilderness — (Jeremiah 6:8; Zephaniah 2:13). Translate, “make her as the wilderness,” namely, that in which she passed forty years on her way to her goodly possession of Canaan. With this agrees the mention of “thirst” (compare Jeremiah 2:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 2:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 2:3

Strip her — As was usually done by incensed husbands, divorcing impudent adulteresses. As a wilderness — Barren and desolate.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 2:3

Lest I strip her naked, and (d) set her as in the day that she was (e) born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst.

(d) For even though his people were as a harlot for their idolatries, yet he had left them with their dress and dowry and certain signs of his favour, but if they continued still, he would utterly destroy them.

(e) When I brought her out of Egypt. See Ezekiel 16:4

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I strip:

Hosea 2:10 And now will I discover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of mine hand.
Isaiah 47:3 Thy nakedness shall be uncovered, yea, thy shame shall be seen: I will take vengeance, and I will not meet [thee as] a man.
Jeremiah 13:22 And if thou say in thine heart, Wherefore come these things upon me? For the greatness of thine iniquity are thy skirts discovered, [and] thy heels made bare.
Jeremiah 13:26 Therefore will I discover thy skirts upon thy face, that thy shame may appear.
Ezekiel 16:37-39 Behold, therefore I will gather all thy lovers, with whom thou hast taken pleasure, and all [them] that thou hast loved, with all [them] that thou hast hated; I will even gather them round about against thee, and will discover thy nakedness unto them, that they may see all thy nakedness. ... And I will also give thee into their hand, and they shall throw down thine eminent place, and shall break down thy high places: they shall strip thee also of thy clothes, and shall take thy fair jewels, and leave thee naked and bare.
Ezekiel 23:26-29 They shall also strip thee out of thy clothes, and take away thy fair jewels. ... And they shall deal with thee hatefully, and shall take away all thy labour, and shall leave thee naked and bare: and the nakedness of thy whoredoms shall be discovered, both thy lewdness and thy whoredoms.
Revelation 17:16 And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.

was born:

Ezekiel 16:4-8 And [as for] thy nativity, in the day thou wast born thy navel was not cut, neither wast thou washed in water to supple [thee]; thou wast not salted at all, nor swaddled at all. ... Now when I passed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time [was] the time of love; and I spread my skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the Lord GOD, and thou becamest mine.
Ezekiel 16:22 And in all thine abominations and thy whoredoms thou hast not remembered the days of thy youth, when thou wast naked and bare, [and] wast polluted in thy blood.

as:

Isaiah 32:13-14 Upon the land of my people shall come up thorns [and] briers; yea, upon all the houses of joy [in] the joyous city: ... Because the palaces shall be forsaken; the multitude of the city shall be left; the forts and towers shall be for dens for ever, a joy of wild asses, a pasture of flocks;
Isaiah 33:9 The earth mourneth [and] languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed [and] hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Carmel shake off [their fruits].
Isaiah 64:10 Thy holy cities are a wilderness, Zion is a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation.
Jeremiah 2:31 O generation, see ye the word of the LORD. Have I been a wilderness unto Israel? a land of darkness? wherefore say my people, We are lords; we will come no more unto thee?
Jeremiah 4:26 I beheld, and, lo, the fruitful place [was] a wilderness, and all the cities thereof were broken down at the presence of the LORD, [and] by his fierce anger.
Jeremiah 12:10 Many pastors have destroyed my vineyard, they have trodden my portion under foot, they have made my pleasant portion a desolate wilderness.
Jeremiah 22:6 For thus saith the LORD unto the king's house of Judah; Thou [art] Gilead unto me, [and] the head of Lebanon: [yet] surely I will make thee a wilderness, [and] cities [which] are not inhabited.
Ezekiel 19:13 And now she [is] planted in the wilderness, in a dry and thirsty ground.
Ezekiel 20:35-36 And I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and there will I plead with you face to face. ... Like as I pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I plead with you, saith the Lord GOD.

a dry:

Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where [is] the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?
Jeremiah 17:6 For he shall be like the heath in the desert, and shall not see when good cometh; but shall inhabit the parched places in the wilderness, [in] a salt land and not inhabited.
Jeremiah 51:43 Her cities are a desolation, a dry land, and a wilderness, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth [any] son of man pass thereby.

and slay:

Exodus 17:3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore [is] this [that] thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?
Judges 15:18 And he was sore athirst, and called on the LORD, and said, Thou hast given this great deliverance into the hand of thy servant: and now shall I die for thirst, and fall into the hand of the uncircumcised?
Amos 8:11-13 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD: ... In that day shall the fair virgins and young men faint for thirst.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 17:3. Jg 15:18. Is 32:13; 33:9; 47:3; 64:10. Jr 2:6, 31; 4:26; 12:10; 13:22, 26; 17:6; 22:6; 51:43. Ezk 16:4, 22, 37; 19:13; 20:35; 23:26. Ho 2:10. Am 8:11. Rv 17:16.

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