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Hosea 14:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive [as] the grain, and blossom as the vine: the scent thereof shall be as the wine of Lebanon.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive [as] the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof [shall be] as the wine of Lebanon.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Those who live in his shadow Will again raise grain, And they will blossom like the vine. His renown [will be] like the wine of Lebanon.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They that dwell under his shade shall return; they shall revive [as] the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent of it [shall be] as the wine of Lebanon.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They shall return and sit under his shadow; they shall revive [as] corn, and blossom as the vine: the renown thereof shall be as the wine of Lebanon.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They who dwell in his shade shall again show life like the corn, and break forth as the vine,—and, the remembrance of him, shall be like the wine of Lebanon.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Return do the dwellers under his shadow, They revive [as] corn, and flourish as a vine, His memorial [is] as wine of Lebanon.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They shall be converted that sit under his shadow: they shall live upon wheat, and they shall blossom as a vine: his memorial shall be as the wine of Libanus.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They that dwell vnder his shadow shall returne: they shall reuiue [as] the corne, & grow as the vine, the sent thereof [shalbe] as the wine of Lebanon.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They shall return, and dwell under his shadow: they shall live and be satisfied with corn, and he shall flower as a vine: his memorial shall be to Ephraim as the wine of Lebanon{gr.Libanus}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive [as] the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof [shall be] as the wine of Levanon.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They that dwell 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
under his shadow 6738
{6738} Prime
צֵל
tsel
{tsale}
From H6751; shade, whether literally or figuratively.
shall return; 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
they shall revive 2421
{2421} Prime
חָיַה
chayah
{khaw-yaw'}
A prim root (compare H2331, H2424); to live, whether literally or figuratively; causatively to revive.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
[as] the corn, 1715
{1715} Prime
דָּגָן
dagan
{daw-gawn'}
From H1711; properly increase, that is, grain.
and grow 6524
{6524} Prime
פָּרַח
parach
{paw-rakh'}
A primitive root; to break forth as a bud, that is, bloom; generally to spread; specifically to fly (as extending the wings); figuratively to flourish.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
as the vine: 1612
{1612} Prime
גֶּפֶן
gephen
{gheh'-fen}
From an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape.
the scent 2143
{2143} Prime
זֵכֶר
zeker
{zay'-ker}
From H2142; a memento, abstractly recollection (rarely if ever); by implication commemoration.
thereof [shall be] as the wine 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
of Lvnn לְבָנוֹן. 3844
{3844} Prime
לְבָנוֹן
L@banown
{leb-aw-nohn'}
From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 14:7

_ _ They that used to dwell under Israel’s shadow (but who shall have been forced to leave it), shall return, that is, be restored (Ezekiel 35:9). Others take “His shadow” to mean Jehovah’s (compare Psalms 17:8; Psalms 91:1; Isaiah 4:6), which Hosea 14:1, Hosea 14:2 (“return unto the Lord,” etc.) favor. But the “his” in Hosea 14:6 refers to Israel, and therefore must refer to the same here.

_ _ revive as ... corn — As the corn long buried in the earth springs up, with an abundant produce, so shall they revive from their calamities, with a great increase of offspring (compare John 12:24).

_ _ scent thereof — that is, Israel’s fame. Compare Hosea 14:6, “His smell as Lebanon”; Song of Songs 1:3 : “Thy name is as ointment poured forth.” The Septuagint favors the Margin, “memorial.”

_ _ as the wine of Lebanon — which was most celebrated for its aroma, flavor, and medicinal restorative properties.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 14:4-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 14:7

They that dwell — As many as unite to the church, shall dwell under these spreading trees. Return — Revive and recover strength. As the corn — Which dies ere it lives to bring forth fruit. As the vine — Which in winter seems dead, but yet life, sap, and a fructifying virtue is in it. The scent thereof — The savour of it to God and good men shall be pleasing as the scent of the delicious wines of Lebanon.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 14:7

They that dwell under his (f) shadow shall return; they shall revive [as] the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof [shall be] as the wine of Lebanon.

(f) Whoever unites themselves to this people will be blessed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that:

Psalms 91:1 He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.
Song of Songs 2:3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so [is] my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit [was] sweet to my taste.
Isaiah 32:1-2 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment. ... And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.

revive:

Hosea 6:2 After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.
Psalms 85:6 Wilt thou not revive us again: that thy people may rejoice in thee?
Psalms 138:7 Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: thou shalt stretch forth thine hand against the wrath of mine enemies, and thy right hand shall save me.
Isaiah 61:11 For as the earth bringeth forth her bud, and as the garden causeth the things that are sown in it to spring forth; so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations.
John 11:25 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
John 12:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.
1 Corinthians 15:36-38 [Thou] fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die: ... But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body.

grow:
or, blossom,
Hosea 14:5 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
*marg.
Song of Songs 6:11 I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, [and] to see whether the vine flourished, [and] the pomegranates budded.
Zechariah 8:12 For the seed [shall be] prosperous; the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground shall give her increase, and the heavens shall give their dew; and I will cause the remnant of this people to possess all these [things].

scent:
or, memorial
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 85:6; 91:1; 138:7. So 2:3; 6:11. Is 32:1; 61:11. Ho 6:2; 14:5. Zc 8:12. Jn 11:25; 12:24. 1Co 15:36.

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