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Hosea 13:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the dew that passeth early away, as the chaff that is driven with the whirlwind out of the threshing-floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff [that] is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore they will be like the morning cloud And like dew which soon disappears, Like chaff which is blown away from the threshing floor And like smoke from a chimney.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff [that] is driven with the whirlwind from the floor, and as the smoke from the chimney.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff driven with the whirlwind out of the threshing-floor, and as the smoke out of the lattice.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore, shall they become like the morning cloud, and like the dew early departing,—like chaff storm-driven out of the threshing-floor, and like smoke out of a chimney.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Therefore they are as a cloud of the morning, And as dew, rising early, going away, As chaff tossed about out of a floor, And as smoke out of a window.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore they shall be as a morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the dust that is driven with a whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore they shalbe as the morning cloud, and as the early dew it passeth away, as the chaffe that is driuen with a whirlewinde out of the floore, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Therefore shall they be as a morning cloud, and as the early dew that passes away, as chaff blown away from the threshing-floor, and as a vapor from tears.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff [that] is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
they shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
as the morning 1242
{1242} Prime
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
cloud, 6051
{6051} Prime
עֲנָן
`anan
{aw-nawn'}
From H6049; a cloud (as covering the sky), that is, the nimbus or thunder cloud.
and as the early 7925
{7925} Prime
שָׁכַם
shakam
{shaw-kam'}
A primitive root; properly to incline (the shoulder to a burden); but used only as denominative from H7926; literally to load up (on the back of man or beast), that is, to start early in the morning.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
dew 2919
{2919} Prime
טַל
tal
{tal}
From H2926; dew (as covering vegetation).
that passeth away, 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
as the chaff 4671
{4671} Prime
מוֹץ
mots
{motes}
From H4160; chaff (as pressed out, that is, winnowed or (rather) threshed loose).
[that] is driven with the whirlwind 5590
{5590} Prime
סָעַר
ca`ar
{saw-ar'}
A primitive root; to rush upon; by implication to toss (transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively).
z8792
<8792> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 93
out of the floor, 1637
{1637} Prime
גֹּרֶן
goren
{go'-ren}
From an unused root meaning to smooth; a threshing floor (as made even); by analogy any open area.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and as the smoke 6227
{6227} Prime
עָשָׁן
`ashan
{aw-shawn'}
From H6225; smoke, literally or figuratively (vapor, dust, anger).
out of the chimney. 699
{0699} Prime
אֲרֻבָּה
'arubbah
{ar-oob-baw'}
Feminine participle passive of H0693 (as if for lurking); a lattice; (by implication) a window, dove cot (because of the pigeon holes), chimney (with its apertures for smoke), sluice (with openings for water).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 13:3

_ _ they shall be as the morning cloud ... dew — (Hosea 6:4). As their “goodness” soon vanished like the morning cloud and dew, so they shall perish like them.

_ _ the floor — the threshing-floor, generally an open area, on a height, exposed to the winds.

_ _ chimney — generally in the East an orifice in the wall, at once admitting the light, and giving egress to the smoke.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 13:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as the morning:

Hosea 6:4 O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, what shall I do unto thee? for your goodness [is] as a morning cloud, and as the early dew it goeth away.

as the chaff:

Psalms 1:4 The ungodly [are] not so: but [are] like the chaff which the wind driveth away.
Psalms 68:2 As smoke is driven away, [so] drive [them] away: as wax melteth before the fire, [so] let the wicked perish at the presence of God.
Psalms 83:12-17 Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession. ... Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish:
Isaiah 17:13 The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
Isaiah 41:15-16 Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat [them] small, and shalt make the hills as chaff. ... Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, [and] shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
Daniel 2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 1:4; 68:2; 83:12. Is 17:13; 41:15. Dn 2:35. Ho 6:4.

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