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Hosea 12:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— In the womb he took his brother by the heel; and in his manhood he had power with God:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had power with God:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In the womb he took his brother by the heel, And in his maturity he contended with God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had power with God:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and in his strength he wrestled with God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In the womb, took he his brother by the heel; and, in his manly vigour, strove he with God:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In the womb he took his brother by the heel, And by his strength he was a prince with God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In the womb he supplanted his brother: and by his strength he had success with an angel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hee tooke his brother by the heele in the wombe, and by his strength he had power with God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and in his labours he had power with God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had power with Elohim:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He took his brother y251
[0251] Standard
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
by the heel 6117
{6117} Prime
עָקַב
`aqab
{aw-kab'}
A primitive root; properly to swell out or up; used only as denominative from H6119, to seize by the heel; figuratively to circumvent (as if tripping up the heels); also to restrain (as if holding by the heel).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
x251
(0251) Complement
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
in the womb, 990
{0990} Prime
בֶּטֶן
beten
{beh'-ten}
From an unused root probably meaning to be hollow; the belly, especially the womb; also the bosom or body of anything.
and by his strength 202
{0202} Prime
אוֹן
'own
{one}
Probably from the same as H0205 (in the sense of effort, but successful); ability, power, (figuratively) wealth.
he had power 8280
{8280} Prime
שָׂרָה
sarah
{saw-raw'}
A primitive root; to prevail.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
lhm אֱלֹהִים: 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 12:3

_ _ He — Jacob, contrasted with his degenerate descendants, called by his name, Jacob (Hosea 12:2; compare Micah 2:7). He took Esau by the heel in the womb in order to obtain, if possible, the privileges of the first-born (Genesis 25:22-26), whence he took his name, Jacob, meaning “supplanter”; and again, by his strength, prevailed in wrestling with God for a blessing (Genesis 32:24-29); whereas ye disregard My promises, putting your confidence in idols and foreign alliances. He conquered God, ye are the slaves of idols. Only have Jehovah on your side, and ye are stronger than Edom, or even Assyria. So the spiritual Israel lays hold of the heel of Jesus, “the First-born of many brethren,” being born again of the Holy Spirit. Having no right in themselves to the inheritance, they lay hold of the bruised heel, the humanity of Christ crucified, and let not go their hold of Him who is not, as Esau, a curse (Hebrews 12:16, Hebrews 12:17), but, by becoming a curse for us, is a blessing to us.

_ _ power with God — referring to his name, “Israel,” prince of God, acquired on that occasion (compare Matthew 11:12). As the promised Canaan had to be gained forcibly by Israel, so heaven by the faithful (Revelation 3:21; compare Luke 13:24). “Strive,” literally, “as in the agony of a contest.” So the Canaanitess (Matthew 15:22).

_ _ his strength — which lay in his conscious weakness, whence, when his thigh was put out of joint by God, he hung upon Him. To seek strength was his object; to grant it, God’s. Yet God’s mode of procedure was strange. In human form He tries as it were to throw Jacob down. When simple wrestling was not enough, He does what seems to ensure Jacob’s fall, dislocating his thigh joint, so that he could no longer stand. Yet it was then that Jacob prevailed. Thus God teaches us the irresistible might of conscious weakness. For when weak in ourselves, we are strong by His strength put in us (Job 23:6; Isaiah 27:5; 2 Corinthians 12:9, 2 Corinthians 12:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 12:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 12:3

He — Jacob. Took his brother — The design of mentioning this is to mind them of that goodness which God shewed them in their father Jacob. His strength — This strength was not of nature, but of grace. Strength received of God was well employed betimes; in it he wrestled for and obtained the blessing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 12:3

He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had (d) power with God:

(d) Seeing that God in this way preferred Jacob their father, Judah's ingratitude was the more to be abhorred.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
took:

Genesis 25:26 And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau's heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac [was] threescore years old when she bare them.
Romans 9:11 (For [the children] being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;)

had:
etc. Heb. was a prince, or, behaved himself princely,
Genesis 32:24-28 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. ... And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
James 5:16-18 Confess [your] faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much. ... And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 25:26; 32:24. Ro 9:11. Jm 5:16.

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