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Hosea 12:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jehovah hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The LORD also has a dispute with Judah, And will punish Jacob according to his ways; He will repay him according to his deeds.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jehovah hath also a controversy with Judah, and he will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, a controversy, hath Yahweh with Judah,—so that he may bring punishment on Jacob, according to his ways, According to his doings, repay him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And a controversy hath Jehovah with Judah, To lay a charge on Jacob according to his ways, According to his doings He returneth to him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore there is a judgment of the Lord with Juda, and a visitation for Jacob: he will render to him according to his ways, and according to his devices.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The LORD hath also a controuersie with Iudah, and will punish Iacob according to his wayes, according to his doings will he recompense him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord [has] a controversy with Judah{gr.Juda}, in order to punish Jacob: according to his ways and according to his practices will he recompense him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yahweh hath also a controversy with Yehudah, and will punish Yaaqov according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath also a controversy 7379
{7379} Prime
רִיב
riyb
{reeb}
From H7378; a contest (personal or legal).
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Yh יְהוּדָה, 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
and will punish 6485
{6485} Prime
פָּקַד
paqad
{paw-kad'}
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
according to his ways; 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
according to his doings 4611
{4611} Prime
מַעֲלָל
ma`alal
{mah-al-awl'}
From H5953; an act (good or bad).
will he recompense 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 12:2

_ _ controversy with Judah — (Hosea 4:1; Micah 6:2). Judah, under Ahaz, had fallen into idolatry (2 Kings 16:3, etc.).

_ _ Jacob — that is, the ten tribes. If Judah, the favored portion of the nation, shall not be spared, much less degenerate Israel.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 12:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 12:2

Jacob — Ephraim and Judah are of Jacob, both have corrupted themselves, and therefore I will proceed against both.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 12:2

The LORD hath also a controversy with (c) Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

(c) Which in those points was similar to Ephraim, but not in idolatry.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a controversy:

Hosea 4:1 Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because [there is] no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land.
Jeremiah 25:31 A noise shall come [even] to the ends of the earth; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them [that are] wicked to the sword, saith the LORD.
Micah 6:2 Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD'S controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel.

and will:

2 Kings 17:19-20 Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. ... And the LORD rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight.
Isaiah 8:7-8 Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, [even] the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks: ... And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach [even] to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel.
Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets.
Jeremiah 3:8-11 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also. ... And the LORD said unto me, The backsliding Israel hath justified herself more than treacherous Judah.
Ezekiel 23:11-21 And when her sister Aholibah saw [this], she was more corrupt in her inordinate love than she, and in her whoredoms more than her sister in [her] whoredoms. ... Thus thou calledst to remembrance the lewdness of thy youth, in bruising thy teats by the Egyptians for the paps of thy youth.
Ezekiel 23:31-32 Thou hast walked in the way of thy sister; therefore will I give her cup into thine hand. ... Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou shalt drink of thy sister's cup deep and large: thou shalt be laughed to scorn and had in derision; it containeth much.

punish:
Heb. visit upon,
Hosea 2:13 And I will visit upon her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to them, and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels, and she went after her lovers, and forgat me, saith the LORD.
Hosea 8:13 They sacrifice flesh [for] the sacrifices of mine offerings, and eat [it; but] the LORD accepteth them not; now will he remember their iniquity, and visit their sins: they shall return to Egypt.
Hosea 9:9 They have deeply corrupted [themselves], as in the days of Gibeah: [therefore] he will remember their iniquity, he will visit their sins.
Isaiah 10:12 Wherefore it shall come to pass, [that] when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.
Isaiah 24:21 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones [that are] on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.
*marg.

according to his doings:

Isaiah 3:11 Woe unto the wicked! [it shall be] ill [with him]: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.
Isaiah 59:18 According to [their] deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence.
Matthew 16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.
Romans 2:6 Who will render to every man according to his deeds:
Galatians 6:7 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 17:19. Is 3:11; 8:7; 10:6, 12; 24:21; 59:18. Jr 3:8; 25:31. Ezk 23:11, 31. Ho 2:13; 4:1; 8:13; 9:9. Mi 6:2. Mt 16:27. Ro 2:6. Ga 6:7.

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