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Hosea 12:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ephraim hath provoked to anger most bitterly: therefore shall his blood be left upon him, and his reproach shall his Lord return unto him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ephraim provoked [him] to anger most bitterly: therefore shall he leave his blood upon him, and his reproach shall his Lord return unto him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Ephraim has provoked to bitter anger; So his Lord will leave his bloodguilt on him And bring back his reproach to him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ephraim provoked [him] to anger most bitterly: therefore will he leave his blood upon him, and his reproach will his Lord return to him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ephraim provoked [him] to anger most bitterly; and his Lord shall leave his blood upon him, and recompense unto him his reproach.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ephraim hath provoked, very bitterly,—his own blood, therefore, upon him, will he leave, and, his reproach, shall his Lord, bring back to him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Ephraim hath provoked most bitterly, And his blood on himself he leaveth, And his reproach turn back to him doth his Lord!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Ephraim hath provoked me to wrath with his bitterness, and his blood shall come upon him, and his Lord will render his reproach unto him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ephraim prouoked him to anger, most bitterly: therefore shall he leaue his blood vpon him, and his reproch shall his Lord returne vnto him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Ephraim was angry and excited, therefore his blood shall be poured out upon him, and the Lord shall recompense to him his reproach.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Efrayim provoked [him] to anger most bitterly: therefore shall he leave his blood upon him, and his reproach shall his Adonim return unto him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Efrayim אֶפרַיִם 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
provoked [him] to anger 3707
{3707} Prime
כָּעַס
ka`ac
{kaw-as'}
A primitive root; to trouble; by implication to grieve, rage, be indignant.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
most bitterly: 8563
{8563} Prime
תַּמְרוּר
tamruwr
{tam-roor'}
From H4843; bitterness (plural as collective).
therefore shall he leave 5203
{5203} Prime
נָטַשׁ
natash
{naw-tash'}
A primitive root; properly to pound, that is, smite; by implication (as if beating out, and thus expanding) to disperse; also, to thrust off, down, out or upon (including reject, let alone, permit, remit, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his blood 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him, and his reproach 2781
{2781} Prime
חֶרְפָּה
cherpah
{kher-paw'}
From H2778; contumely, disgrace, the pudenda.
shall his nm אֲדֹנִים 113
{0113} Prime
אָדוֹן
'adown
{aw-done'}
From an unused root (meaning to rule); sovereign, that is, controller (human or divine).
return 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
unto him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 12:14

_ _ provoked him — that is, God.

_ _ leave his blood upon him — not take away the guilt and penalty of the innocent blood shed by Ephraim in general, and to Molech in particular.

_ _ his reproach shall his Lord return unto him — Ephraim’s dishonor to God in worshipping idols, God will repay to him. That God is “his Lord” by right redemption and special revelation to Ephraim only aggravates his guilt, instead of giving him hope of escape. God does not give up His claim to them as His, however they set aside His dominion.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 12:7-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 12:14

His blood — He shall bear the punishment of all his blood; his murders of the innocent, and his own guilt too. His reproach — Which Ephraim hath cast upon the prophets, the worshippers of God, and on God; preferring idols before him. His Lord — God who is Lord of all.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
provoked:

2 Kings 17:7-18 For [so] it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods, ... Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only.
Ezekiel 23:2-10 Son of man, there were two women, the daughters of one mother: ... These discovered her nakedness: they took her sons and her daughters, and slew her with the sword: and she became famous among women; for they had executed judgment upon her.

most bitterly:
Heb. with bitternesses

therefore:

2 Samuel 1:16 And David said unto him, Thy blood [be] upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain the LORD'S anointed.
1 Kings 2:33-34 Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever from the LORD. ... So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell upon him, and slew him: and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.
Ezekiel 18:13 Hath given forth upon usury, and hath taken increase: shall he then live? he shall not live: he hath done all these abominations; he shall surely die; his blood shall be upon him.
Ezekiel 24:7-8 For her blood is in the midst of her; she set it upon the top of a rock; she poured it not upon the ground, to cover it with dust; ... That it might cause fury to come up to take vengeance; I have set her blood upon the top of a rock, that it should not be covered.
Ezekiel 33:5 He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took not warning; his blood shall be upon him. But he that taketh warning shall deliver his soul.

blood:
Heb. bloods

and his:

Hosea 7:16 They return, [but] not to the most High: they are like a deceitful bow: their princes shall fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this [shall be] their derision in the land of Egypt.
Deuteronomy 28:37 And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all nations whither the LORD shall lead thee.
1 Samuel 2:30 Wherefore the LORD God of Israel saith, I said indeed [that] thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before me for ever: but now the LORD saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed.
Daniel 11:18 After this shall he turn his face unto the isles, and shall take many: but a prince for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease; without his own reproach he shall cause [it] to turn upon him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 28:37. 1S 2:30. 2S 1:16. 1K 2:33. 2K 17:7. Ezk 18:13; 23:2; 24:7; 33:5. Dn 11:18. Ho 7:16.

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