Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Hosea 12:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Is Gilead iniquity? they are altogether false; in Gilgal they sacrifice bullocks; yea, their altars are as heaps in the furrows of the field.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Is there] iniquity [in] Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars [are] as heaps in the furrows of the fields.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Is there iniquity [in] Gilead? Surely they are worthless. In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls, Yes, their altars are like the stone heaps Beside the furrows of the field.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Is there] iniquity [in] Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yes, their altars [are] as heaps in the furrows of the fields.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If Gilead is iniquity, surely they are but vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars are as heaps in the furrows of the fields.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, Gilead, is in sorrow, surely false, have they been, In Gilgal, have they sacrificed, bullocks,—their very altars, shall become as heaps upon the furrows of the field.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Surely Gilead [is] iniquity, Only, vanity they have been, In Gilead bullocks they have sacrificed, Also their altars [are] as heaps, on the furrows of a field.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If Galaad be an idol, then in vain were they in Galgal offering sacrifices with bullocks: for their altars also are as heaps in the furrows of the field.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [Is there] iniquitie in Gilead? surely they are vanitie, they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal, yea their altars [are] as heapes in the furrowes of the fields.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— If Gilead{gr.Galaad} exists not, then the chiefs in Gilead{gr.Galaad} when they sacrificed were false, and their altars were as heaps on the ground of the field.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [Is there] iniquity [in] Gilad? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars [are] as heaps in the furrows of the fields.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Is there] iniquity 205
{0205} Prime
אָוֶן
'aven
{aw-ven'}
From an unused root perhaps meaning properly to pant (hence to exert oneself, usually in vain; to come to naught); strictly nothingness; also trouble, vanity, wickedness; specifically an idol.
[in] Gil`äð גִּלעָד? 1568
{1568} Prime
גִּלְעָד
Gil`ad
{ghil-awd'}
Probably from H1567; Gilad, a region East of the Jordan; also the name of three Israelites.
surely x389
(0389) Complement
אַךְ
'ak
{ak}
Akin to H0403; a particle of affirmation, surely; hence (by limitation) only.
they are x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
vanity: 7723
{7723} Prime
שָׁוְא
shav'
{shawv}
From the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjectively), uselessness (as deceptive, objectively; also adverbially in vain).
they sacrifice 2076
{2076} Prime
זָבַח
zabach
{zaw-bakh'}
A primitive root; to slaughter an animal (usually in sacrifice).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
bullocks 7794
{7794} Prime
שׁוֹר
showr
{shore}
From H7788; a bullock (as a traveller). wall used by mistake for H7791.
in Gilgäl גִּלגָּל; 1537
{1537} Prime
גִּלְגָּל
Gilgal
{ghil-gawl'}
The same as H1536 (with the article as a properly noun); Gilgal, the name of three places in Palestine.
yea, x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
their altars 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
[are] as heaps 1530
{1530} Prime
גַּל
gal
{gal}
From H1556; something rolled, that is, a heap of stone or dung (plural ruins); by analogy a spring of water (plural waves).
in x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the furrows 8525
{8525} Prime
תֶּלֶם
telem
{teh'-lem}
From an unused root meaning to accumulate; a bank or terrace.
of the fields. 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 12:11

_ _ Is there iniquity in Gilead? — He asks the question, not as if the answer was doubtful, but to strengthen the affirmation: “Surely they are vanity”; or as Maurer translates, “They are nothing but iniquity.” Iniquity, especially idolatry, in Scripture is often termed “vanity.” Proverbs 13:11 : “Wealth gotten by vanity,” that is, iniquity. Isaiah 41:29 : “They are all vanity ... images.” “Gilead” refers to Mizpah-gilead, a city representing the region beyond Jordan (Hosea 6:8; Judges 11:29); as “Gilgal,” the region on this side of Jordan (Hosea 4:15). In all quarters alike they are utterly vile.

_ _ their altars are as heaps in the furrows — that is, as numerous as such heaps: namely, the heaps of stones cleared out of a stony field. An appropriate image, as at a distance they look like altars (compare Hosea 10:1, Hosea 10:4; Hosea 8:11). As the third member in the parallelism answers to the first, “Gilgal” to “Gilead,” so the fourth to the second, “altars” to “vanity.” The word “heaps” alludes to the name “Gilgal,” meaning “a heap of stones.” The very scene of the general circumcision of the people, and of the solemn passover kept after crossing Jordan, is now the stronghold of Israel’s idolatry.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 12:7-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 12:11

In Gilead — Tiglah Pileser had formerly took Gilead among other towns, leading the inhabitants captive. By this the prophet minds the Ephraimites what they must expect, and doth it in this pungent question, Is there iniquity in Gilead? Is it there only? Be it, Gilead was all iniquity; Gilgal is no better. They — They that come up to Gilgal to sacrifice, are idolaters. In the furrows — They are for number like heaps of stones, gathered out of plowed land and laid in furrows.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 12:11

[Is there] (k) iniquity [in] Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars [are] as heaps in the furrows of the fields.

(k) The people thought that no man dare have spoken against Gilead, that holy place, and yet the Prophet says that all their religion was but vanity.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
iniquity:

Hosea 6:8 Gilead [is] a city of them that work iniquity, [and is] polluted with blood.
1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, [who was] of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, [As] the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.

surely:

Jeremiah 10:8 But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock [is] a doctrine of vanities.
Jeremiah 10:15 They [are] vanity, [and] the work of errors: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.
Jonah 2:8 They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.

they sacrifice:

Hosea 4:15 Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, [yet] let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, The LORD liveth.
Hosea 9:15 All their wickedness [is] in Gilgal: for there I hated them: for the wickedness of their doings I will drive them out of mine house, I will love them no more: all their princes [are] revolters.
Amos 4:4 Come to Bethel, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, [and] your tithes after three years:
Amos 5:5 But seek not Bethel, nor enter into Gilgal, and pass not to Beersheba: for Gilgal shall surely go into captivity, and Bethel shall come to nought.

their altars:

Hosea 8:11 Because Ephraim hath made many altars to sin, altars shall be unto him to sin.
Hosea 10:1 Israel [is] an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself: according to the multitude of his fruit he hath increased the altars; according to the goodness of his land they have made goodly images.
2 Kings 17:9-11 And the children of Israel did secretly [those] things that [were] not right against the LORD their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city. ... And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as [did] the heathen whom the LORD carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger:
Jeremiah 2:20 For of old time I have broken thy yoke, [and] burst thy bands; and thou saidst, I will not transgress; when upon every high hill and under every green tree thou wanderest, playing the harlot.
Jeremiah 2:28 But where [are] thy gods that thou hast made thee? let them arise, if they can save thee in the time of thy trouble: for [according to] the number of thy cities are thy gods, O Judah.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 17:1. 2K 17:9. Jr 2:20, 28; 10:8, 15. Ho 4:15; 6:8; 8:11; 9:15; 10:1. Am 4:4; 5:5. Jna 2:8.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Hosea 12:11.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Hosea 12:11


Recent Chat Bible Comments