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Hosea 11:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I drew them with cords of a man, with bands of love; and I was to them as they that lift up the yoke on their jaws; and I laid food before them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I drew them with cords of a man, with bands of love: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid meat unto them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I led them with cords of a man, with bonds of love, And I became to them as one who lifts the yoke from their jaws; And I bent down [and] fed them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I drew them with cords of a man, with bands of love: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid food for them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I drew them with bands of a man, with cords of love; and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I gently caused them to eat.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— With human cords, used I to draw them, with the bands of love, so became I unto them like those who remove the yoke [that was] on their jaws,—and, holding out [food] to him, I let him eat.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— With cords of man I do draw them, With thick cords of love, And I am to them as a raiser up of a yoke on their jaws, And I incline unto him—I feed [him].
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I will draw them with the cords of Adam, with the bands of love: and I will be to them as one that taketh off the yoke on their jaws: and I put his meat to him that he might eat.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I drew them with cords of a man, with bands of loue, and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their iawes, and I laid meat vnto them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— When men were destroyed, I drew them with the bands of my love: and I will be to them as a man smiting [another] on his cheek: and I will have respect to him, I will prevail with him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I drew them with cords of a man, with bands of love: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid meat unto them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I drew 4900
{4900} Prime
משׁךְ
mashak
{maw-shak'}
A primitive root; to draw, used in a great variety of applications (including to sow, to sound, to prolong, to develop, to march, to remove, to delay, to be tall, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them with cords 2256
{2256} Prime
חֶבֶל
chebel
{kheh'-bel}
From H2254; a rope (as twisted), especially a measuring line; by implication a district or inheritance (as measured); or a noose (as of cords); figuratively a company (as if tied together); also a throe (especially of parturition); also ruin.
of a man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
with bands 5688
{5688} Prime
עֲבֹת
`aboth
{ab-oth'}
The same as H5687; something intwined, that is, a string, wreath or foliage.
of love: 160
{0160} Prime
אַהֲבָה
'ahabah
{a-hab-aw'}
Feminine of H0158 and meaning the same.
and I was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
to them as they that take off 7311
{7311} Prime
רוּם
ruwm
{room}
A primitive root; to be high actively to rise or raise (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
the yoke 5923
{5923} Prime
עֹל
`ol
{ole}
From H5953; a yoke (as imposed on the neck), literally or figuratively.
on x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
their jaws, 3895
{3895} Prime
לְחִי
l@chiy
{lekh-ee'}
From an unused root meaning to be soft; the cheek (from its fleshiness); hence the jaw bone.
and I laid 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
meat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 11:4

_ _ cords of a man — parallel to “bands of love”; not such cords as oxen are led by, but humane methods, such as men employ when inducing others, as for instance, a father drawing his child, by leading-strings, teaching him to go (Hosea 11:1).

_ _ I was ... as they that take off the yoke on their jaws ... I laid meat — as the humane husbandman occasionally loosens the straps under the jaws by which the yoke is bound on the neck of oxen and lays food before them to eat. An appropriate image of God’s deliverance of Israel from the Egyptian yoke, and of His feeding them in the wilderness.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 11:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 11:4

Cords of man — With such kindness as best fits and most prevails with a man. I was to them — As a careful husband — man in due season takes the yoke from his labouring oxen, and takes off the muzzle with which they were kept from eating, when at work. I laid meat unto them — Brought them provision in their wants.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 11:4

I drew them with cords (c) of a man, with bands of love: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid meat unto them.

(c) That is, friendly, and not as beasts or slaves.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
drew:

Song of Songs 1:4 Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.
Isaiah 63:9 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old.
John 6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 12:32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all [men] unto me.
2 Corinthians 5:14 For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

of a:

2 Samuel 7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

I was:

Leviticus 26:13 I [am] the LORD your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye should not be their bondmen; and I have broken the bands of your yoke, and made you go upright.

take off:
Heb. lift up

and I laid:

Hosea 2:8 For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, [which] they prepared for Baal.
Psalms 78:23-25 Though he had commanded the clouds from above, and opened the doors of heaven, ... Man did eat angels' food: he sent them meat to the full.
Psalms 105:40 [The people] asked, and he brought quails, and satisfied them with the bread of heaven.
John 6:32-58 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. ... This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:13. 2S 7:14. Ps 78:23; 105:40. So 1:4. Is 63:9. Ho 2:8. Jn 6:32, 44; 12:32. 2Co 5:14.

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