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Hosea 11:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ephraim compasseth me about with falsehood, and the house of Israel with deceit; but Judah yet ruleth with God, and is faithful with the Holy One.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ephraim compasseth me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet ruleth with God, and is faithful with the saints.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Ephraim surrounds Me with lies And the house of Israel with deceit; Judah is also unruly against God, Even against the Holy One who is faithful.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ephraim encompasseth me with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet ruleth with God, and is faithful with the saints.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ephraim encompasseth me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit; but Judah yet walketh with *God, and with the holy things of truth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They have compassed me about—with denial, Ephraim, with deceit, the house of Israel,—but, Judah, hath, again and again, run riot with GOD, though, with the holy places, entrusted.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Compassed Me with feigning hath Ephraim, And with deceit the house of Israel. And Judah again is ruling with God, And with the Holy Ones [is] faithful!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Ephraim hath compassed me about with denials, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Juda went down as a witness with God, and is faithful with the saints.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ephraim compasseth mee about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Iudah yet ruleth with God, and is faithfull with the Saints.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Ephraim has compassed me with falsehood, and the house of Israel and Judah{gr.Juda} with ungodliness: [but] now God knows them, and they shall be called God's holy people.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Efrayim compasseth me about with lies, and the house of Yisrael with deceit: but Yehudah yet ruleth with El, and is faithful with the saints.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Efrayim אֶפרַיִם 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
compasseth y5437
[5437] Standard
סָבַב
cabab
{saw-bab'}
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me about x5437
(5437) Complement
סָבַב
cabab
{saw-bab'}
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
with lies, 3585
{3585} Prime
כַּחַשׁ
kachash
{kakh'-ash}
From H3584; literally a failure of flesh, that is, emaciation; figuratively hypocrisy.
and the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
with deceit: 4820
{4820} Prime
מִרְמָה
mirmah
{meer-maw'}
From H7411 in the sense of deceiving; fraud.
but Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
yet x5750
(5750) Complement
עוֹד
`owd
{ode}
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
ruleth 7300
{7300} Prime
רוּד
ruwd
{rood}
A primitive root; to tramp about, that is, ramble (free or disconsolate).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
l אֵל, 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
and is faithful 539
{0539} Prime
אָמַן
'aman
{aw-man'}
A primitive root; properly to build up or support; to foster as a parent or nurse; figuratively to render (or be) firm or faithful, to trust or believe, to be permanent or quiet; morally to be true or certain; once (in Isaiah 30:21; by interchange for H0541) to go to the right hand.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
the saints. 6918
{6918} Prime
קָדוֹשׁ
qadowsh
{kaw-doshe'}
From H6942; sacred (ceremonially or morally); (as noun) God (by eminence), an angel, a saint, a sanctuary.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 11:12

_ _ Maurer joins this verse with the twelfth chapter. But as this verse praises Judah, whereas Hosea 12:2 censures him, it must belong rather to the eleventh chapter and a new prophecy begins at the twelfth chapter. To avoid this, Maurer translates this verse as a censure, “Judah wanders with God,” that is, though having the true God, he wanders after false gods.

_ _ ruleth with God — to serve God is to reign. Ephraim wished to rule without God (compare 1 Corinthians 4:8); nay, even, in order to rule, cast off God’s worship [Rivetus]. In Judah was the legitimate succession of kings and priests.

_ _ with the saints — the holy priests and Levites [Rivetus]. With the fathers and prophets who handed down the pure worship of God. Israel’s apostasy is the more culpable, as he had before him the good example of Judah, which he set at naught. The parallelism (“with GOD”) favors Margin, “With THE MOST HOLY ONE.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 11:8-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 11:12

Ephraim — Most of the people of Israel. With lies — Play the hypocrite with me still. Judah — The two tribes. Yet ruleth — While idolaters are slaves to the devil, the true worshippers of God, like princes, rule with God. Faithful — Retains purity, at least truth of worship, and comparatively is faithful. Judah adheres to God's holy prophets, priests, and other saints of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 11:12

Ephraim compasseth me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet ruleth with (l) God, and is faithful with the saints.

(l) Governs their state according to God's word, and does not degenerate.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
compasseth:

Hosea 7:16 They return, [but] not to the most High: they are like a deceitful bow: their princes shall fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this [shall be] their derision in the land of Egypt.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
Hosea 12:7 [He is] a merchant, the balances of deceit [are] in his hand: he loveth to oppress.
Psalms 78:36 Nevertheless they did flatter him with their mouth, and they lied unto him with their tongues.
Isaiah 29:13 Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near [me] with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men:
Isaiah 44:20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Isaiah 59:3-4 For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath muttered perverseness. ... None calleth for justice, nor [any] pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity.
Micah 6:12 For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue [is] deceitful in their mouth.

Judah:

Hosea 4:15 Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, [yet] let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, The LORD liveth.
2 Kings 18:4-7 He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan. ... And the LORD was with him; [and] he prospered whithersoever he went forth: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not.
2 Chronicles 29:1-32:33 Hezekiah began to reign [when he was] five and twenty years old, and he reigned nine and twenty years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Abijah, the daughter of Zechariah. ... And Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at his death. And Manasseh his son reigned in his stead.

ruleth:

Genesis 32:28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
1 Corinthians 6:2 Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?
Revelation 1:6 And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him [be] glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
Revelation 3:21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.
Revelation 5:10 And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

saints:
or, most holy
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 32:28. 2K 18:4. 2Ch 29:1. Ps 78:36. Is 29:13; 44:20; 59:3. Ho 4:15; 7:16; 12:1, 7. Mi 6:12. 1Co 6:2. Rv 1:6; 3:21; 5:10.

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