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Hosea 11:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They shall walk after Jehovah, who will roar like a lion; for he will roar, and the children shall come trembling from the west.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They shall walk after the LORD: he shall roar like a lion: when he shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They will walk after the LORD, He will roar like a lion; Indeed He will roar And [His] sons will come trembling from the west.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They shall walk after the LORD: he shall roar like a lion: when he shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They shall walk after Jehovah; he shall roar like a lion; when he shall roar, then the children shall hasten from the west:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— After Yahweh, let them go, Like a lion, will he roar,—When, he, shall roar, then let sons, come trembling, out of the West.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— After Jehovah they go—as a lion He roareth, When He doth roar, then tremble do the sons from the west.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They shall walk after the Lord, he shall roar as a lion: because he shall roar, and the children of the sea shall fear.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They shal walke after the LORD: he shall roare like a lyon: when he shall roare, then the children shall tremble from the West.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I will go after the Lord: he shall utter [his voice] as a lion: for he shall roar, and the children of the waters shall be amazed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They shall walk after Yahweh: he shall roar like a lion: when he shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They shall walk y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
Yhw יָהוֶה: 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
he shall roar 7580
{7580} Prime
שָׁאַג
sha'ag
{shaw-ag'}
A primitive root; to rumble or moan.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
like a lion: 738
{0738} Prime
אַרִי
'ariy
{ar-ee'}
From H0717 (in the sense of violence); a lion.
when x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
shall roar, 7580
{7580} Prime
שָׁאַג
sha'ag
{shaw-ag'}
A primitive root; to rumble or moan.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
then the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
shall tremble 2729
{2729} Prime
חָרַד
charad
{khaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to shudder with terror; hence to fear; also to hasten (with anxiety).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from the west. 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 11:10

_ _ he shall roar like a lion — by awful judgments on their foes (Isaiah 31:4; Jeremiah 25:26-30; Joel 3:16), calling His dispersed “children” from the various lands of their dispersion.

_ _ shall tremble — shall flock in eager agitation of haste.

_ _ from the west — (Zechariah 8:7). Literally, “the sea.” Probably the Mediterranean, including its “isles of the sea,” and maritime coast. Thus as Hosea 11:11 specifies regions of Africa and Asia, so here Europe. Isaiah 11:11-16, is parallel, referring to the very same regions. On “children,” see Hosea 1:10.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 11:8-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 11:10

They — The remnant shall hear and obey the Lord. Like a lion — The word of the Lord, so saith the Chaldee, shall roar as a lion. Christ is called, The lion of the tribe of Judah: and when he cried with a loud voice, it was as when a lion roared. The voice of the gospel was heard far, as the roaring of a lion; and it was a mighty voice. Tremble — The spirit by its power awakening them to a sight of sin, shall make them fear and tremble. From the west — From the ends of the earth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
walk:

Isaiah 2:5 O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the LORD.
Isaiah 49:10 They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.
Jeremiah 2:2 Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land [that was] not sown.
Jeremiah 7:6 [If] ye oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place, neither walk after other gods to your hurt:
Jeremiah 7:9 Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other gods whom ye know not;
Jeremiah 31:9 They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim [is] my firstborn.
Micah 4:5 For all people will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever.
Zechariah 10:12 And I will strengthen them in the LORD; and they shall walk up and down in his name, saith the LORD.
John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
Romans 8:1 [There is] therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.

he shall roar like:

Isaiah 31:4 For thus hath the LORD spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, [he] will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so shall the LORD of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof.
Isaiah 42:13 The LORD shall go forth as a mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against his enemies.
Jeremiah 25:30 Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as they that tread [the grapes], against all the inhabitants of the earth.
Joel 3:16 The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD [will be] the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel.
Amos 1:2 And he said, The LORD will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, and the top of Carmel shall wither.
Amos 3:4 Will a lion roar in the forest, when he hath no prey? will a young lion cry out of his den, if he have taken nothing?
Amos 3:8 The lion hath roared, who will not fear? the Lord GOD hath spoken, who can but prophesy?

shall tremble:

Job 37:1 At this also my heart trembleth, and is moved out of his place.
Psalms 2:11 Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling.
Psalms 119:120 My flesh trembleth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments.
Isaiah 64:2 As [when] the melting fire burneth, the fire causeth the waters to boil, to make thy name known to thine adversaries, [that] the nations may tremble at thy presence!
Jeremiah 5:22 Fear ye not me? saith the LORD: will ye not tremble at my presence, which have placed the sand [for] the bound of the sea by a perpetual decree, that it cannot pass it: and though the waves thereof toss themselves, yet can they not prevail; though they roar, yet can they not pass over it?
Jeremiah 33:9 And it shall be to me a name of joy, a praise and an honour before all the nations of the earth, which shall hear all the good that I do unto them: and they shall fear and tremble for all the goodness and for all the prosperity that I procure unto it.
Habakkuk 3:16 When I heard, my belly trembled; my lips quivered at the voice: rottenness entered into my bones, and I trembled in myself, that I might rest in the day of trouble: when he cometh up unto the people, he will invade them with his troops.
Acts 24:25 And as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy way for this time; when I have a convenient season, I will call for thee.

west:

Zechariah 8:7 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will save my people from the east country, and from the west country;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 37:1. Ps 2:11; 119:120. Is 2:5; 31:4; 42:13; 49:10; 64:2. Jr 2:2; 5:22; 7:6, 9; 25:30; 31:9; 33:9. Jol 3:16. Am 1:2; 3:4, 8. Mi 4:5. Hab 3:16. Zc 8:7; 10:12. Jn 8:12. Ac 24:25. Ro 8:1. 2P 2:10.

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