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Hosea 10:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The inhabitants of Samaria shall be in terror for the calves of Beth-aven; for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the priests thereof that rejoiced over it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the priests thereof [that] rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The inhabitants of Samaria will fear For the calf of Beth-aven. Indeed, its people will mourn for it, And its idolatrous priests will cry out over it, Over its glory, since it has departed from it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Beth-aven: for its people shall mourn over it, and its priests [that] rejoiced on it, for its glory, because it is departed from it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calf of Beth-aven; for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the idolatrous priests thereof shall tremble for it, for its glory, because it is departed from it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— About the calves of Beth-aven, will the inhabitant of Samaria be concerned,—for the people thereof, have mourned over it, and, the ascetics thereof, who, over it, used to exult, [shall mourn] for the glory thereof, because it hath departed therefrom.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For the calves of Beth-Aven fear do inhabitants of Samaria, Surely mourned on account of it hath its people, And its priests on account of it leap about, Because of its honour, for it hath removed from it,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The inhabitants of Samaria have worshipped the kine of Bethaven: for the people thereof have mourned over it, and the wardens of its temple that rejoiced over it in its glory because it is departed from it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The inhabitants of Samaria shall feare, because of the calues of Bethauen: for the people thereof shall mourne ouer it, and the priests thereof [that] reioyced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The inhabitants of Samaria shall dwell near the calf of the house of On; for the people of it mourned for it: and as they provoked him, they shall rejoice at his glory, because he has departed from them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The inhabitants of Shomron shall fear because of the calves of Beth Awen: for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the priests thereof [that] rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The inhabitants 7934
{7934} Prime
שָׁכֵן
shaken
{shaw-kane'}
From H7931; a resident; by extension a fellow citizen.
of mrn שֹׁמרוֹן 8111
{8111} Prime
שֹׁמְרוֹן
Shom@rown
{sho-mer-one'}
From the active participle of H8104; watch station; Shomeron, a place in Palestine.
shall fear 1481
{1481} Prime
גּוּר
guwr
{goor}
A primitive root; properly to turn aside from the road (for a lodging or any other purpose), that is, sojourn (as a guest); also to shrink, fear (as in a strange place); also to gather for hostility (as afraid).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
because of the calves 5697
{5697} Prime
עֶגְלָה
`eglah
{eg-law'}
Feminine of H5695; a (female) calf, especially one nearly grown (that is, a heifer).
of B wen בֵּית־אָוֶן: 1007
{1007} Prime
בֵּית אָוֶן
Beyth 'Aven
{bayth aw'-ven}
From H1004 and H0205; house of vanity; Beth-Aven, a place in Palestine.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
thereof shall mourn 56
{0056} Prime
אָבַל
'abal
{aw-bal'}
A primitive root; to bewail.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
it, and the priests 3649
{3649} Prime
כֹּמֶר
kamar
{kaw-mawr'}
From H3648; properly an ascetic (as if shrunk with self maceration), that is, an idolatrous priest (only in plural).
thereof [that] rejoiced 1523
{1523} Prime
גִּיל
giyl
{gheel}
A primitive root; properly to spin around (under the influence of any violent emotion), that is, usually rejoice, or (as cringing) fear.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
on x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
it, for x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the glory 3519
{3519} Prime
כָּבוֹד
kabowd
{kaw-bode'}
From H3513; properly weight; but only figuratively in a good sense, splendor or copiousness.
thereof, because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
it is departed 1540
{1540} Prime
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
it.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 10:5

_ _ fear because of the calves — that is, shall fear for them.

_ _ Beth-aven — substituted for Beth-el in contempt (Hosea 4:15).

_ _ itsingular, the one in Beth-el; after the pattern of which the other “calves” (plural) were made. “Calves” in the Hebrew is feminine, to express contempt.

_ _ priests — The Hebrew is only used of idolatrous priests (2 Kings 23:5; Zephaniah 1:4), from a root meaning either “the black garment” in which they were attired; or, “to resound,” referring to their howling cries in their sacred rites [Calvin].

_ _ that rejoiced on it — because it was a source of gain to them. Maurer translates, “Shall leap in trepidation on account of it”; as Baal’s priests did (1 Kings 18:26).

_ _ the glory thereof — the magnificence of its ornaments and its worship.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 10:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 10:5

Because of the calves — Because they had sinned by these calves, therefore did this fear seize them. The people — They who dwelt at Beth — aven. That rejoiced on it — These priests formerly were fed, clothed, and enriched by this idol, this made them right glad. The glory thereof — All its credit is vanished. Is departed — The Assyrians have either broken it, or carried it in derision into Assyria.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 10:5

The inhabitants of Samaria shall (g) fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the (h) priests thereof [that] rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.

(g) When the calf will be carried away.

(h) These were certain idolatrous priests, who wore black apparel during their sacrifices, and cried with a loud voice: which superstition Elijah derided, (1 Kings 18:27). See 2 Kings 23:5

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the calves:

Hosea 8:5-6 Thy calf, O Samaria, hath cast [thee] off; mine anger is kindled against them: how long [will it be] ere they attain to innocency? ... For from Israel [was] it also: the workman made it; therefore it [is] not God: but the calf of Samaria shall be broken in pieces.
Hosea 13:2 And now they sin more and more, and have made them molten images of their silver, [and] idols according to their own understanding, all of it the work of the craftsmen: they say of them, Let the men that sacrifice kiss the calves.
1 Kings 12:28-32 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves [of] gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. ... And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that [is] in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made.
2 Kings 10:29 Howbeit [from] the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, Jehu departed not from after them, [to wit], the golden calves that [were] in Bethel, and that [were] in Dan.
2 Kings 17:16 And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, [even] two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.
2 Chronicles 11:15 And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made.
2 Chronicles 13:8 And now ye think to withstand the kingdom of the LORD in the hand of the sons of David; and ye [be] a great multitude, and [there are] with you golden calves, which Jeroboam made you for gods.

Bethaven:

Hosea 4:15 Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, [yet] let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, The LORD liveth.
Hosea 5:8 Blow ye the cornet in Gibeah, [and] the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud [at] Bethaven, after thee, O Benjamin.
Joshua 7:2 And Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which [is] beside Bethaven, on the east side of Bethel, and spake unto them, saying, Go up and view the country. And the men went up and viewed Ai.

for the people:

Judges 18:24 And he said, Ye have taken away my gods which I made, and the priest, and ye are gone away: and what have I more? and what [is] this [that] ye say unto me, What aileth thee?
Revelation 18:11-19 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: ... And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.

the priests:
or, Chemarim,
2 Kings 23:5 And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven.
*marg.
Zephaniah 1:4 I will also stretch out mine hand upon Judah, and upon all the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and I will cut off the remnant of Baal from this place, [and] the name of the Chemarims with the priests;

for the glory:

Hosea 9:11 [As for] Ephraim, their glory shall fly away like a bird, from the birth, and from the womb, and from the conception.
1 Samuel 4:21-22 And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband. ... And she said, The glory is departed from Israel: for the ark of God is taken.
Acts 19:27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.
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Jsh 7:2. Jg 18:24. 1S 4:21. 1K 12:28. 2K 10:29; 17:16; 23:5. 2Ch 11:15; 13:8. Ho 4:15; 5:8; 8:5; 9:11; 13:2. Zp 1:4. Ac 19:27. Rv 18:11.

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