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Hosea 10:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye have plowed wickedness, ye have reaped iniquity; ye have eaten the fruit of lies; for thou didst trust in thy way, in the multitude of thy mighty men.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye have plowed wickedness, ye have reaped iniquity; ye have eaten the fruit of lies: because thou didst trust in thy way, in the multitude of thy mighty men.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You have plowed wickedness, you have reaped injustice, You have eaten the fruit of lies. Because you have trusted in your way, in your numerous warriors,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye have plowed wickedness, ye have reaped iniquity; ye have eaten the fruit of lies: because thou hast trusted in thy way, in the multitude of thy mighty men.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ye have ploughed wickedness, reaped iniquity, eaten the fruit of lies; for thou didst confide in thy way, in the multitude of thy mighty men.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye have plowed lawlessness, perversity, have ye reaped, ye have eaten the fruit of deception,—because thou didst trust in thy chariots, in the multitude of thy mighty men.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Ye have ploughed wickedness, Perversity ye have reaped, Ye have eaten the fruit of lying, For thou hast trusted in thy way, In the abundance of thy might.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You have ploughed wickedness, you have reaped iniquity, you have eaten the fruit of lying: because thou hast trusted in thy ways, in the multitude of thy strong ones.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ye haue plowed wickednesse, yee haue reaped iniquitie, ye haue eaten the fruite of lies: because thou didst trust in thy way, in the multitude of thy mightie men.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Wherefore have ye passed over ungodliness in silence, and reaped the sins of it? ye have eaten false fruit; for thou has trusted in thy sins, in the abundance of thy power.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Ye have plowed wickedness, ye have reaped iniquity; ye have eaten the fruit of lies: because thou didst trust in thy way, in the multitude of thy mighty men.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye have plowed 2790
{2790} Prime
חָרַשׁ
charash
{khaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to scratch, that is, (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
wickedness, 7562
{7562} Prime
רֶשַׁע
resha`
{reh'-shah}
From H7561; a wrong (especially moral).
ye have reaped 7114
{7114} Prime
קָצַר
qatsar
{kaw-tsar'}
A primitive root; to dock off, that is, curtail (transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively); especially to harvest (grass or grain).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
iniquity; 5766
{5766} Prime
עֶוֶל
`evel
{eh'-vel}
From H5765; (moral) evil.
ye have eaten 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the fruit 6529
{6529} Prime
פְּרִי
p@riy
{per-ee'}
From H6509; fruit (literally or figuratively).
of lies: 3585
{3585} Prime
כַּחַשׁ
kachash
{kakh'-ash}
From H3584; literally a failure of flesh, that is, emaciation; figuratively hypocrisy.
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou didst trust 982
{0982} Prime
בָּטַח
batach
{baw-takh'}
A primitive root; properly to hie for refuge (but not so precipitately as H2620); figuratively to trust, be confident or sure.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in thy way, 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
in the multitude 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
of thy mighty men. 1368
{1368} Prime
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 10:13

_ _ reaped iniquity — that is, the fruit of iniquity; as “righteousness” (Hosea 10:12) is “the fruit of righteousness” (Job 4:8; Proverbs 22:8; Galatians 6:7, Galatians 6:8).

_ _ lies — false and spurious worship.

_ _ trust in thy way — thy perverse way (Isaiah 57:10; Jeremiah 2:23), thy worship of false gods. This was their internal safeguard, as their external was “the multitude of their mighty men.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 10:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 10:13

Ye have plowed — You, O Israelites. Ye have reaped — Ye have lived in wickedness, and propagated it, and ye have met with a recompense worthy of your labour. Eaten — Fed yourselves with vain hopes. In thy way — Their way was their idolatry. Mighty men — The next lie on which they lived was the wisdom and valour of their great men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
plowed:

Hosea 8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it hath no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up.
Job 4:8 Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same.
Proverbs 22:8 He that soweth iniquity shall reap vanity: and the rod of his anger shall fail.
Galatians 6:7-8 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. ... For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.

eaten:

Proverbs 1:31 Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.
Proverbs 12:19 The lip of truth shall be established for ever: but a lying tongue [is] but for a moment.
Proverbs 18:20-21 A man's belly shall be satisfied with the fruit of his mouth; [and] with the increase of his lips shall he be filled. ... Death and life [are] in the power of the tongue: and they that love it shall eat the fruit thereof.
Proverbs 19:5 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and [he that] speaketh lies shall not escape.

didst:

Psalms 52:7 Lo, [this is] the man [that] made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, [and] strengthened himself in his wickedness.
Psalms 62:10 Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart [upon them].

in the:

Psalms 33:16 There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.
Ecclesiastes 9:11 I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race [is] not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 4:8. Ps 33:16; 52:7; 62:10. Pv 1:31; 12:19; 18:20; 19:5; 22:8. Ec 9:11. Ho 8:7. Ga 6:7.

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