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Hebrews 9:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— which [is] a figure for the time present; according to which are offered both gifts and sacrifices that cannot, as touching the conscience, make the worshipper perfect,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Which [was] a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— which [is] a symbol for the present time. Accordingly both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make the worshiper perfect in conscience,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Which [was] a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— the which [is] an image for the present time, according to which both gifts and sacrifices, unable to perfect as to conscience him that worshipped, are offered,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The which is a similitude for the present season, according to which both gifts and sacrifices are offered, which cannot, as to the conscience, perfect him that rendereth the divine service:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— which [is] a simile in regard to the present time, in which both gifts and sacrifices are offered, which are not able, in regard to conscience, to make perfect him who is serving,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Which is a parable of the time present: according to which gifts and sacrifices are offered, which cannot, as to the conscience, make him perfect that serveth, only in meats and in drinks,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Which [was] a figure for the time then present, in which were offred both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the seruice perfect, as pertayning to the conscience,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And this was a figurative representation for the time in which oblations and victims have been offered; -those which have not been able to perfect the consciousness of him who offered them;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and it was a symbol, for that time, during which oblation and sacrifices were offered that could not make perfect the conscience of him who offered them:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Which 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
[was] a figure 3850
{3850} Prime
παραβολή
parabole
{par-ab-ol-ay'}
From G3846; a similitude ('parable'), that is, (symbolically) fictitious narrative (of common life conveying a moral), apoth gm or adage.
for 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
time 2540
{2540} Prime
καιρός
kairos
{kahee-ros'}
Of uncertain affinity; an occasion, that is, set or proper time.
then present, 1764
{1764} Prime
ἐνίστημι
enistemi
{en-is'-tay-mee}
From G1722 and G2476; to place on hand, that is, (reflexively) impend, (participle) be instant.
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
in 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
were offered 4374
{4374} Prime
προσφέρω
prosphero
{pros-fer'-o}
From G4314 and G5342 (including its alternate); to bear towards, that is, lead to, tender (especially to God), treat.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
both 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
gifts 1435
{1435} Prime
δῶρον
doron
{do'-ron}
A present; specifically a sacrifice.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
sacrifices, 2378
{2378} Prime
θυσία
thusia
{thoo-see'-ah}
From G2380; sacrifice (the act or the victim, literally or figuratively).
that could 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
make y5048
[5048] Standard
τελειόω
teleioo
{tel-i-o'-o}
From G5046; to complete, that is, (literally) accomplish, or (figuratively) consummate (in character).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
him that did the service y3000
[3000] Standard
λατρεύω
latreuo
{lat-ryoo'-o}
From λάτρις [[latris]] (a hired menial); to minister (to God), that is, render religious homage.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
perfect, 5048
{5048} Prime
τελειόω
teleioo
{tel-i-o'-o}
From G5046; to complete, that is, (literally) accomplish, or (figuratively) consummate (in character).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
x3000
(3000) Complement
λατρεύω
latreuo
{lat-ryoo'-o}
From λάτρις [[latris]] (a hired menial); to minister (to God), that is, render religious homage.
as pertaining x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the conscience; 4893
{4893} Prime
συνείδησις
suneidesis
{soon-i'-day-sis}
From a prolonged form of G4894; co-perception, that is, moral consciousness.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 9:9

_ _ Which — “The which,” namely, anterior tabernacle: “as being that which was” [Alford].

_ _ figureGreek, “parable”: a parabolic setting forth of the character of the Old Testament.

_ _ for — “in reference to the existing time.The time of the temple-worship really belonged to the Old Testament, but continued still in Paul’s time and that of his Hebrew readers. “The time of reformation” (Hebrews 9:10) stands in contrast to this, “the existing time”; though, in reality, “the time of reformation,” the New Testament time, was now present and existing. So “the age to come,” is the phrase applied to the Gospel, because it was present only to believers, and its fullness even to them is still to come. Compare Hebrews 9:11, “good things to come.”

_ _ in whichtabernacle, not time, according to the reading of the oldest manuscripts. Or translate, “according to which” parabolic representation, or figure.

_ _ wereGreek, “are.”

_ _ gifts — unbloody oblations.

_ _ could notGreek, “cannot”: are not able.

_ _ him that did the service — any worshipper. The Greek is “latreuein,serve God, which is all men’s duty; not “leitourgein,” to serve in a ministerial office.

_ _ make ... perfect — perfectly remove the sense of guilt, and sanctify inwardly through love.

_ _ as pertaining to the conscience — “in respect to the (moral-religious) consciousness.” They can only reach as far as the outward flesh (compare “carnal ordinances,” Hebrews 9:10, Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 9:8-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 9:9

Which — Tabernacle, with all its furniture and services. Is a figure — Or type, of good things to come Which cannot perfect the worshipper — Neither the priest nor him who brought the offering. As to his conscience — So that he should be no longer conscious of the guilt or power of sin. Observe, the temple was as yet standing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 9:9

(4) Which [was] a figure (f) for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;

(4) An objection: If the way to heaven was not opened by those sacrifices (that is to say, if the worshippers were not purged by them) why then were those ceremonies used? That is, that men might be called back to that spiritual example, that is to say, to Christ who would correct all those things at his coming.

(f) For that time that that figure had to last.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a figure:

Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, [which are] the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:
Hebrews 11:19 Accounting that God [was] able to raise [him] up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.
Romans 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto [even] baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:

the time:

Hebrews 7:11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need [was there] that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?
Hebrews 11:39-40 And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise: ... God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us should not be made perfect.
1 Peter 1:11-12 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. ... Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

gifts:

Hebrews 5:1 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things [pertaining] to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins:

that could:

Hebrews 9:13-14 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: ... How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Hebrews 7:18-19 For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof. ... For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope [did]; by the which we draw nigh unto God.
Hebrews 10:1-4 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, [and] not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. ... For [it is] not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.
Hebrews 10:11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
Psalms 40:6-7 Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required. ... Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book [it is] written of me,
Galatians 3:21 [Is] the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.

as pertaining:

Psalms 51:16-19 For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give [it]: thou delightest not in burnt offering. ... Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.
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Ps 40:6; 51:16. Ro 5:14. Ga 3:21. He 5:1; 7:11, 18; 9:13, 24; 10:1, 11; 11:19, 39. 1P 1:11; 3:21.

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