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Hebrews 9:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and above it cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy-seat; of which things we cannot now speak severally.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and above it [were] the cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy seat; but of these things we cannot now speak in detail.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And over it the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy-seat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and above over it the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy-seat; concerning which it is not now [the time] to speak in detail.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, over-above it, Cherubim of glory overshadowing the propitiatory:—concerning which things, it is not now [needful] to be speaking, particularly.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and over it cherubim of the glory, overshadowing the mercy-seat, concerning which we are not now to speak particularly.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And over it were the cherubims of glory overshadowing the propitiatory: of which it is not needful to speak now particularly.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And ouer it the Cherubims of glory shadowing the Mercyseat; of which we cannot now speake particularly.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and above this the cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy-seat. But time there is not to speak upon every one of these which were thus ordained.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and over it were the cherubim of glory, which overshadowed the mercy seat. But there is not time to speak particularly of each of the things which were so arranged.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
over 5231
{5231} Prime
ὑπεράνω
huperano
{hoop-er-an'-o}
From G5228 and G0507; above upward, that is, greatly higher (in place or rank).
it 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
the cherubims 5502
{5502} Prime
Χερουβίμ
cheroubim
{kher-oo-beem'}
Plural of Hebrew origin [H3742]; 'cherubim' (that is, cherubs or kerubim).
of glory 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
shadowing 2683
{2683} Prime
κατασκιάζω
kataskiazo
{kat-as-kee-ad'-zo}
From G2596 and a derivative of G4639; to overshade, that is, cover.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
mercyseat; 2435
{2435} Prime
ἱλαστήριον
hilasterion
{hil-as-tay'-ree-on}
Neuter of a derivative of G2433; an expiatory (place or thing), that is, (concretely) an atoning victim, or (specifically) the lid of the Ark (in the Temple).
of 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
we cannot 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
now 3568
{3568} Prime
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
speak 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
particularly. 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
3313
{3313} Prime
μέρος
meros
{mer'-os}
From an obsolete but more primary form of μείρομαι [[meiromai]] (to get as a section or allotment); a division or share (literally or figuratively, in a wide application).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 9:5

_ _ over it — over “the ark of the covenant.”

_ _ cherubim — representing the ruling powers by which God acts in the moral and natural world. (See on Ezekiel 1:6; see on Ezekiel 10:1). Hence sometimes they answer to the ministering angels; but mostly to the elect redeemed, by whom God shall hereafter rule the world and set forth His manifold wisdom: redeemed humanity, combining in, and with itself, the highest forms of subordinate creaturely life; not angels. They stand on the mercy seat, and on that ground become the habitation of God, from which His glory is to shine upon the world. They expressly say, Revelation 5:8-10, “Thou hast redeemed us.” They are there distinguished from the angels, and associated with the elders. They were of one piece with the mercy seat, even as the Church is one with Christ: their sole standing is on the blood-sprinkled mercy seat; they gaze down at it as the redeemed shall for ever; they are “the habitation of God through the Spirit.”

_ _ of glory — The cherubim were bearers of the divine glory, whence, perhaps, they derive their name. The Shekinah, or cloud of glory, in which Jehovah appeared between the cherubim over the mercy seat, the lid of the ark, is doubtless the reference. Tholuck thinks the twelve loaves of the showbread represent the twelve tribes of the nation, presented as a community before God consecrated to Him (just as in the Lord’s Supper believers, the spiritual Israel, all partaking of the one bread, and becoming one bread and one body, present themselves before the Lord as consecrated to Him, 1 Corinthians 10:16, 1 Corinthians 10:17); the oil and light, the pure knowledge of the Lord, in which the covenant people are to shine (the seven (lights), implying perfection); the ark of the covenant, the symbol of God’s kingdom in the old covenant, and representing God dwelling among His own; the ten commandments in the ark, the law as the basis of union between God and man; the mercy seat covering the law and sprinkled with the blood of atonement for the collective sin of the people, God’s mercy [in Christ] stronger than the law; the cherubim, the personified [redeemed] creation, looking down on the mercy seat, where God’s mercy, and God’s law, are set forth as the basis of creation.

_ _ mercy seatGreek, “the propitiatory”: the golden cover of the ark, on which was sprinkled the blood of the propitiatory sacrifice on the day of atonement; the footstool of Jehovah, the meeting place of Him and His people.

_ _ we cannot — conveniently: besides what met the eye in the sanctuary, there were spiritual realities symbolized which it would take too long to discuss in detail, our chief subject at present being the priesthood and the sacrifices. “Which” refers not merely to the cherubim, but to all the contents of the sanctuary enumerated in Hebrews 9:2-5.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 9:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 9:5

And over it were the cherubim of glory — Over which the glory of God used to appear. Some suppose each of these had four faces, and so represented the Three — One God, with the manhood assumed by the Second Person. With out — spread wings shadowing the mercy — seat — Which was a lid or plate of gold, covering the ark.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 9:5

And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the (d) mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.

(d) The Hebrews call the cover of the ark of the covenant the mercy seat, which both the Greeks and we do also.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
over:

Exodus 25:17-22 And thou shalt make a mercy seat [of] pure gold: two cubits and a half [shall be] the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. ... And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which [are] upon the ark of the testimony, of all [things] which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
Exodus 37:6-9 And he made the mercy seat [of] pure gold: two cubits and a half [was] the length thereof, and one cubit and a half the breadth thereof. ... And the cherubims spread out [their] wings on high, [and] covered with their wings over the mercy seat, with their faces one to another; [even] to the mercy seatward were the faces of the cherubims.
Leviticus 16:2 And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy [place] within the vail before the mercy seat, which [is] upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat.
Numbers 7:89 And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the congregation to speak with him, then he heard the voice of one speaking unto him from off the mercy seat that [was] upon the ark of testimony, from between the two cherubims: and he spake unto him.
1 Samuel 4:4 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth [between] the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, [were] there with the ark of the covenant of God.
1 Kings 8:6-7 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place, into the oracle of the house, to the most holy [place, even] under the wings of the cherubims. ... For the cherubims spread forth [their] two wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered the ark and the staves thereof above.
2 Kings 19:15 And Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said, O LORD God of Israel, which dwellest [between] the cherubims, thou art the God, [even] thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast made heaven and earth.
Psalms 80:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannimeduth, A Psalm of Asaph.]] Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest [between] the cherubims, shine forth.
Psalms 99:1 The LORD reigneth; let the people tremble: he sitteth [between] the cherubims; let the earth be moved.
Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly [places] might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

the mercyseat:

Hebrews 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Leviticus 16:2 And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy [place] within the vail before the mercy seat, which [is] upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat.
Leviticus 16:13 And he shall put the incense upon the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that [is] upon the testimony, that he die not:
1 Chronicles 28:11 Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 25:17; 37:6. Lv 16:2, 13. Nu 7:89. 1S 4:4. 1K 8:6. 2K 19:15. 1Ch 28:11. Ps 80:1; 99:1. Ep 3:10. He 4:16. 1P 1:12.

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