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Hebrews 9:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— saying, This is the blood of the covenant which God commanded to you-ward.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Saying, This [is] the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— saying, “THIS IS THE BLOOD OF THE COVENANT WHICH GOD COMMANDED YOU.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Saying, This [is] the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined to you.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— saying, This [is] the blood of the covenant which God has enjoined to you.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Saying—This, is the blood of the covenant which, God, hath sent in command unto you:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— saying, 'This [is] the blood of the covenant that God enjoined unto you,'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Saying: This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Saying, This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enioyned vnto you.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and said to them, This is the blood of that covenant which is commanded by Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and said to them, This is the blood of the covenant which is enjoined by God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Saying, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
This 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
[is] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
blood 129
{0129} Prime
αἷμα
haima
{hah'-ee-mah}
Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specifically (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication bloodshed, also kindred.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
testament 1242
{1242} Prime
διαθήκη
diatheke
{dee-ath-ay'-kay}
From G1303; properly a disposition, that is, (specifically) a contract (especially a devisory will).
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
hath enjoined 1781
{1781} Prime
ἐντέλλομαι
entellomai
{en-tel'-lom-ahee}
From G1722 and the base of G5056; to enjoin.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
you. 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 9:20

_ _ Exodus 24:8, “Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord has made with you concerning all these words.” The change is here made to accord with Christ’s inauguration of the new testament, or covenant, as recorded in Luke 22:20, “This cup (is) the new Testament in My blood, which is shed for you”: the only Gospel in which the “is” has to be supplied. Luke was Paul’s companion, which accounts for the correspondence, as here too “is” has to be supplied.

_ _ testament — (See on Hebrews 9:16, Hebrews 9:17). The Greekdiathece” means both “testament” and “covenant”: the term “covenant” better suits the old dispensation, though the idea testament is included, for the old was one in its typical relation to the new dispensation, to which the term “testament” is better suited. Christ has sealed the testament with His blood, of which the Lord’s Supper is the sacramental sign. The testator was represented by the animals slain in the old dispensation. In both dispensations the inheritance was bequeathed: in the new by One who has come in person and died; in the old by the same one, only typically and ceremonially present. See Alford’s excellent Note.

_ _ enjoined unto youcommissioned me to ratify in relation to you. In the old dispensation the condition to be fulfilled on the people’s part is implied in the words, Exodus 24:8, “(Lord made with you) concerning all these words.” But here Paul omits this clause, as he includes the fulfillment of this condition of obedience to “all these words” in the new covenant, as part of God’s promise, in Hebrews 8:8, Hebrews 8:10, Hebrews 8:12, whereby Christ fulfills all for our justification, and will enable us by putting His Spirit in us to fulfil all in our now progressive, and finally complete, sanctification.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 9:15-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 9:20

Saying, This is the blood of the covenant which God hath enjoined me to deliver unto you — By this it is established. Exodus 24:8.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
This:

Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,
Zechariah 9:11 As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein [is] no water.
Matthew 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

testament:
Rather, covenant.
Hebrews 9:16 For where a testament [is], there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.
and
Hebrews 9:17 For a testament [is] of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.
may be better rendered, "For where a covenant is, there must necessarily be the death of that by which it is confirmed; for a covenant is confirmed over dead victims, and does not avail while that by which it is confirmed liveth."
Deuteronomy 29:12 That thou shouldest enter into covenant with the LORD thy God, and into his oath, which the LORD thy God maketh with thee this day:
Joshua 9:6 And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal, and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, We be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league with us.
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Dt 29:12. Jsh 9:6. Zc 9:11. Mt 26:28. He 9:16, 17; 13:20.

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