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Hebrews 9:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling them that have been defiled, sanctify unto the cleanness of the flesh:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctify to the purifying of the flesh:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For if the blood of goats and bulls, and a heifer's ashes sprinkling the defiled, sanctifies for the purity of the flesh,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling the profaned, halloweth unto the purity of the flesh,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for if the blood of bulls, and goats, and ashes of an heifer, sprinkling those defiled, doth sanctify to the purifying of the flesh,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For if the blood of goats and of oxen, and the ashes of an heifer, being sprinkled, sanctify such as are defiled, to the cleansing of the flesh:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For if the blood of Bulls, and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the vncleane, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if the blood of goats and of calves, and the dust of an heifer, sprinkled upon those who were unclean, sanctifieth them for the purification of their flesh,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For if the blood of goats and calves, with the ashes of a heifer, was sprinkled upon them that were defiled, and sanctified them as to the purification of their flesh;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
blood 129
{0129} Prime
αἷμα
haima
{hah'-ee-mah}
Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specifically (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication bloodshed, also kindred.
of bulls 5022
{5022} Prime
ταῦρος
tauros
{tow'-ros}
Apparently a primary word (compare [H8450], 'steer'); a bullock.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of goats, 5131
{5131} Prime
τράγος
tragos
{trag'-os}
From the base of G5176; a he goat (as a gnawer).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the ashes 4700
{4700} Prime
σποδός
spodos
{spod-os'}
Of uncertain derivation; ashes.
of an heifer 1151
{1151} Prime
δάμαλις
damalis
{dam'-al-is}
Probably from the base of G1150; a heifer (as tame).
sprinkling 4472
{4472} Prime
ῥαντίζω
rhantizo
{hran-tid'-zo}
From a derivative of ῥαίνω [[rhaino]] (to sprinkle); to render besprinkled, that is, asperse (ceremonially or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
unclean, 2840
{2840} Prime
κοινόω
koinoo
{koy-no'-o}
From G2839; to make (or consider) profane (ceremonially).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
sanctifieth 37
{0037} Prime
ἁγιάζω
hagiazo
{hag-ee-ad'-zo}
From G0040; to make holy, that is, (ceremonially) purify or consecrate; (mentally) to venerate.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
to 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
purifying 2514
{2514} Prime
καθαρότης
katharotes
{kath-ar-ot'-ace}
From G2513; cleanness (ceremonially).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
flesh: 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 9:13

_ _ Hebrews 9:13-28. Proof of and enlargement on, the “eternal redemption” mentioned in Hebrews 9:12.

_ _ For His blood, offered by Himself, purifies not only outwardly, as the Levitical sacrifices on the day of atonement, but inwardly unto the service of the living God (Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:14). His death is the inaugurating act of the new covenant, and of the heavenly sanctuary (Hebrews 9:15-23). His entrance into the true Holy of Holies is the consummation of His once-for-all-offered sacrifice of atonement (Hebrews 9:24, Hebrews 9:26); henceforth, His reappearance alone remains to complete our redemption (Hebrews 9:27, Hebrews 9:28).

_ _ if — as we know is the case; so the Greek indicative means. Argument from the less to the greater. If the blood of mere brutes could purify in any, however small a degree, how much more shall inward purification, and complete and eternal salvation, be wrought by the blood of Christ, in whom dwelt all the fullness of the Godhead?

_ _ ashes of an heifer — (Numbers 19:16-18). The type is full of comfort for us. The water of separation, made of the ashes of the red heifer, was the provision for removing ceremonial defilement whenever incurred by contact with the dead. As she was slain without the camp, so Christ (compare Hebrews 13:11; Numbers 19:3, Numbers 19:4). The ashes were laid by for constant use; so the continually cleansing effects of Christ’s blood, once for all shed. In our wilderness journey we are continually contracting defilement by contact with the spiritually dead, and with dead works, and need therefore continual application to the antitypical life-giving cleansing blood of Christ, whereby we are afresh restored to peace and living communion with God in the heavenly holy place.

_ _ the uncleanGreek, “those defiled” on any particular occasion.

_ _ purifyingGreek, “purity.”

_ _ the flesh — Their effect in themselves extended no further. The law had a carnal and a spiritual aspect; carnal, as an instrument of the Hebrew polity, God, their King, accepting, in minor offenses, expiatory victims instead of the sinner, otherwise doomed to death; spiritual, as the shadow of good things to come (Hebrews 10:1). The spiritual Israelite derived, in partaking of these legal rights, spiritual blessings not flowing from them, but from the great antitype. Ceremonial sacrifices released from temporal penalties and ceremonial disqualifications; Christ’s sacrifice releases from everlasting penalties (Hebrews 9:12), and moral impurities on the conscience disqualifying from access to God (Hebrews 9:14). The purification of the flesh (the mere outward man) was by “sprinkling”; the washing followed by inseparable connection (Numbers 19:19). So justification is followed by renewing.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 9:8-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 9:13

If the ashes of an heifer — Consumed by fire as a sin — offering, being sprinkled on them who were legally unclean. Purified the flesh — Removed that legal uncleanness, and re — admitted them to the temple and the congregation. Numbers 19:17-19.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 9:13

(9) For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the (k) purifying of the flesh:

(9) If the outward sprinkling of blood and ashes of beasts was a true and effectual sign of purifying and cleansing, how much more shall the thing itself and the truth being present which in times past was shadowed by those external sacraments do it? That is to say, his blood, which is man's blood and also the blood of the Son of God, and therefore has an everlasting power of purifying and cleansing.

(k) He considers the signs separately, being separate from the thing itself.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
if:

Leviticus 16:14 And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle [it] with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward; and before the mercy seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times.
Leviticus 16:16 And he shall make an atonement for the holy [place], because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness.

and:

Numbers 19:2-21 This [is] the ordinance of the law which the LORD hath commanded, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring thee a red heifer without spot, wherein [is] no blemish, [and] upon which never came yoke: ... And it shall be a perpetual statute unto them, that he that sprinkleth the water of separation shall wash his clothes; and he that toucheth the water of separation shall be unclean until even.

the purifying:

Numbers 8:7 And thus shalt thou do unto them, to cleanse them: Sprinkle water of purifying upon them, and let them shave all their flesh, and let them wash their clothes, and [so] make themselves clean.
Numbers 19:12 He shall purify himself with it on the third day, and on the seventh day he shall be clean: but if he purify not himself the third day, then the seventh day he shall not be clean.
2 Chronicles 30:19 [That] prepareth his heart to seek God, the LORD God of his fathers, though [he be] not [cleansed] according to the purification of the sanctuary.
Psalms 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
Acts 15:9 And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 16:14, 16. Nu 8:7; 19:2, 12. 2Ch 30:19. Ps 51:7. Ac 15:9. 1P 1:22.

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