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Hebrews 9:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [being] only (with meats and drinks and divers washings) carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Which stood] only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed [on them] until the time of reformation.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— since they [relate] only to food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until a time of reformation.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Which stood] only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed [on them] until the time of reformation.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [consisting] only of meats and drinks and divers washings, ordinances of flesh, imposed until [the] time of setting things right.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Only as to eatings, and drinkings, and diversified immersions,—righteous-appointments of the flesh, which, until a season of rectifying, are in force.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— only in victuals, and drinks, and different baptisms, and fleshly ordinances—till the time of reformation imposed upon [them].
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And divers washings and justices of the flesh laid on them until the time of correction.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [Which stood] onely in meates and drinkes, and diuers washings, and carnall ordinances imposed on them vntill the time of reformation.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but (have consisted) in meat and drink only, and in various kinds of baptism, being institutions of the flesh appointed until the time of setting right.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— but [they consisted] only in food and drink, and in the ablutions of divers things; which were carnal ordinances, and were set up until the time of a reformation.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Which stood] only 3440
{3440} Prime
μόνον
monon
{mon'-on}
Neuter of G3441 as adverb; merely.
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
meats 1033
{1033} Prime
βρῶμα
broma
{bro'-mah}
From the base of G0977; food (literally or figuratively), especially (ceremonial) articles allowed or forbiden by the Jewish law.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
drinks, 4188
{4188} Prime
πόμα
poma
{pom'-ah}
From the alternate of G4095; a beverage.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
divers 1313
{1313} Prime
διάφορος
diaphoros
{dee-af'-or-os}
From G1308; varying; also surpassing.
washings, 909
{0909} Prime
βαπτισμός
baptismos
{bap-tis-mos'}
From G0907; ablution (ceremonially or Christian).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
carnal 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
ordinances, 1345
{1345} Prime
δικαίωμα
dikaioma
{dik-ah'-yo-mah}
From G1344; an equitable deed; by implication a statute or decision.
imposed 1945
{1945} Prime
ἐπίκειμαι
epikeimai
{ep-ik'-i-mahee}
From G1909 and G2749; to rest upon (literally or figuratively).
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
[on them] until 3360
{3360} Prime
μέχρι
mechri
{mekh'-ree}
From G3372; as far as, that is, up to a certain point (as preposition of extent [denoting the terminus, whereas G0891 refers especially to the space of time or place intervening] or conjugation).
the time 2540
{2540} Prime
καιρός
kairos
{kahee-ros'}
Of uncertain affinity; an occasion, that is, set or proper time.
of reformation. 1357
{1357} Prime
διόρθωσις
diorthosis
{dee-or'-tho-sis}
From a compound of G1223 and a derivative of G3717, meaning to straighten thoroughly; rectification, that is, (specifically) the Messianic restauration.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 9:10

_ _ Which — sacrifices.

_ _ stood — consisted in [Alford]; or, “have attached to them” only things which appertain to the use of foods, etc. The rites of meats, etc., go side by side with the sacrifices [Tholuck and Wahl]; compare Colossians 2:16.

_ _ drinks — (Leviticus 10:9; Leviticus 11:4). Usage subsequently to the law added many observances as to meats and drinks.

_ _ washings — (Exodus 29:4).

_ _ and carnal ordinances — One oldest manuscript, Syriac and Coptic, omit “and.” “Carnal ordinances” stand in apposition to “sacrifices” (Hebrews 9:9). Carnal (outward, affecting only the flesh) is opposed to spiritual. Contrast “flesh” with “conscience” (Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:14).

_ _ imposed — as a burden (Acts 15:10, Acts 15:28) continually pressing heavy.

_ _ until the time of reformationGreek, “the season of rectification,” when the reality should supersede the type (Hebrews 8:8-12). Compare “better,” Hebrews 9:23.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 9:8-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 9:10

They could not so perfect him, with all their train of precepts relating to meats and drinks, and carnal, gross, external ordinances; and were therefore imposed only till the time of reformation — Till Christ came.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 9:10

(5) [Which stood] only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, (g) imposed [on them] until the time of reformation.

(5) Another reason why they could not clear the conscience of the worshipper is because they were outward and carnal or material things.

(g) For they were as you would say, a burden, from which Christ delivered us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in meats:

Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.
Leviticus 11:2-47 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These [are] the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that [are] on the earth. ... To make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the beast that may be eaten and the beast that may not be eaten.
Deuteronomy 14:3-21 Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing. ... Ye shall not eat [of] any thing that dieth of itself: thou shalt give it unto the stranger that [is] in thy gates, that he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it unto an alien: for thou [art] an holy people unto the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
Ezekiel 4:14 Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! behold, my soul hath not been polluted: for from my youth up even till now have I not eaten of that which dieth of itself, or is torn in pieces; neither came there abominable flesh into my mouth.
Acts 10:13-15 And there came a voice to him, Rise, Peter; kill, and eat. ... And the voice [spake] unto him again the second time, What God hath cleansed, [that] call not thou common.
Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath [days]:

divers:

Hebrews 6:2 Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.
*Gr:
Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
Exodus 29:4 And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.
Exodus 30:19-21 For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat: ... So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, [even] to him and to his seed throughout their generations.
Exodus 40:12 And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and wash them with water.
Leviticus 14:8-9 And he that is to be cleansed shall wash his clothes, and shave off all his hair, and wash himself in water, that he may be clean: and after that he shall come into the camp, and shall tarry abroad out of his tent seven days. ... But it shall be on the seventh day, that he shall shave all his hair off his head and his beard and his eyebrows, even all his hair he shall shave off: and he shall wash his clothes, also he shall wash his flesh in water, and he shall be clean.
Leviticus 16:4 He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired: these [are] holy garments; therefore shall he wash his flesh in water, and [so] put them on.
Leviticus 16:24 And he shall wash his flesh with water in the holy place, and put on his garments, and come forth, and offer his burnt offering, and the burnt offering of the people, and make an atonement for himself, and for the people.
Leviticus 17:15-16 And every soul that eateth that which died [of itself], or that which was torn [with beasts, whether it be] one of your own country, or a stranger, he shall both wash his clothes, and bathe [himself] in water, and be unclean until the even: then shall he be clean. ... But if he wash [them] not, nor bathe his flesh; then he shall bear his iniquity.
Leviticus 22:6 The soul which hath touched any such shall be unclean until even, and shall not eat of the holy things, unless he wash his flesh with water.
Numbers 19:7-21 Then the priest shall wash his clothes, and he shall bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp, and the priest shall be unclean until the even. ... And it shall be a perpetual statute unto them, that he that sprinkleth the water of separation shall wash his clothes; and he that toucheth the water of separation shall be unclean until even.
Deuteronomy 21:6 And all the elders of that city, [that are] next unto the slain [man], shall wash their hands over the heifer that is beheaded in the valley:
Deuteronomy 23:11 But it shall be, when evening cometh on, he shall wash [himself] with water: and when the sun is down, he shall come into the camp [again].

carnal:

Hebrews 9:1 Then verily the first [covenant] had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.
Hebrews 7:16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.
Galatians 4:3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:
Galatians 4:9 But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?
Ephesians 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, [even] the law of commandments [contained] in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, [so] making peace;
Colossians 2:20-22 Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances, ... Which all are to perish with the using;) after the commandments and doctrines of men?

ordinances:
or, rites, or, ceremonies

until:

Hebrews 2:5 For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.
Hebrews 6:5 And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,
Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
Ephesians 1:10 That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; [even] in him:
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Ex 29:4; 30:19; 40:12. Lv 11:2; 14:8; 16:4, 24; 17:15; 22:6. Nu 19:7. Dt 14:3; 21:6; 23:11. Ezk 4:14. Ac 10:13. Ga 4:3, 4, 9. Ep 1:10; 2:15. Col 2:16, 20. He 2:5; 6:2, 5; 7:16; 9:1; 10:22; 13:9.

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