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Hebrews 8:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But now hath he obtained a ministry the more excellent, by so much as he is also the mediator of a better covenant, which hath been enacted upon better promises.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But now he has got a more excellent ministry, by so much as he is mediator of a better covenant, which is established on the footing of better promises.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, now, hath he attained unto, a more distinguished public ministry,—by as much as of a better covenant also he is, mediator, which indeed, upon better promises, hath been legislated.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and now he hath obtained a more excellent service, how much also of a better covenant is he mediator, which on better promises hath been sanctioned,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But now he hath obtained a better ministry, by how much also he is a mediator of a better testament which is established on better promises.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministerie, by how much also he is the Mediatour of a better Couenant, which was established vpon better promises.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But now a ministry which is better than that hath Jeshu Meshiha received, by so much as that covenant of which he is made the Mediator is better, and was given with better promises, than that.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But now, Jesus the Messiah hath received a ministry which is better than that: as also the covenant, of which he is made the Mediator, is better, and is given with better promises than the former.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
now 3570
{3570} Prime
νυνί
nuni
{noo-nee'}
A prolonged form of G3568 for emphasis; just now.
hath he obtained 5177
{5177} Prime
τυγχάνω
tugchano
{toong-khan'-o}
Probably for an obsolete τύχω [[tucho]] (for which the middle voice of another alternate τεύχω [[teucho]] [to make ready or bring to pass] is used in certain tenses; akin to the base of G5088 through the idea of effecting; properly to affect; or (specifically) to hit or light upon (as a mark to be reached), that is, (transitively) to attain or secure an object or end, or (intransitively) to happen (as if meeting with); but in the latter application only impersonally (with G1487), that is, perchance; or (present participle) as adjective usual (as if commonly met with, with G3756, extraordinary), neuter (as adverb) perhaps; or (with another verb) as adverb by accident (as it were).
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
a more excellent 1313
{1313} Prime
διάφορος
diaphoros
{dee-af'-or-os}
From G1308; varying; also surpassing.
ministry, 3009
{3009} Prime
λειτουργία
leitourgia
{li-toorg-ee'-ah}
From G3008; public function (as priest ['liturgy'] or almsgiver).
by how much 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the mediator 3316
{3316} Prime
μεσίτης
mesites
{mes-ee'-tace}
From G3319; a go between, that is, (simply) an internunciator, or (by implication) a reconciler (intercessor).
of a better 2909
{2909} Prime
κρείττων
kreitton
{krite'-tohn}
Comparative of a derivative of G2904; stronger, that is, (figuratively) better, that is, nobler.
covenant, 1242
{1242} Prime
διαθήκη
diatheke
{dee-ath-ay'-kay}
From G1303; properly a disposition, that is, (specifically) a contract (especially a devisory will).
which 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
was established 3549
{3549} Prime
νομοθετέω
nomotheteo
{nom-oth-et-eh'-o}
From G3550; to legislate, that is, (passively) to have (the Mosaic) enactments injoined, be sanctioned (by them).
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
better 2909
{2909} Prime
κρείττων
kreitton
{krite'-tohn}
Comparative of a derivative of G2904; stronger, that is, (figuratively) better, that is, nobler.
promises. 1860
{1860} Prime
ἐπαγγελία
epaggelia
{ep-ang-el-ee'-ah}
From G1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 8:6

_ _ now — not time; but “as it is.”

_ _ more excellent ministry — than any earthly ministry.

_ _ by how much — in proportion as.

_ _ mediator — coming between us and God, to carry into effect God’s covenant with us. “The messenger (angel) of the covenant.”

_ _ whichGreek, “one which” [Alford]: inasmuch as being one which.

_ _ establishedGreek, “enacted as a law.” So Romans 3:27, “law of faith”; and Romans 8:2; Romans 9:31, apply “law” to the Gospel covenant. It is implied hereby, the Gospel is founded on the law, in the spirit and essence of the latter.

_ _ upon — resting upon.

_ _ better promises — enumerated Hebrews 8:10, Hebrews 8:11. The Old Testament promises were mainly of earthly, the New Testament promises, of heavenly blessings: the exact fulfillment of the earthly promises was a pledge of the fulfillment of the heavenly. “Like a physician who prescribes a certain diet to a patient, and then when the patient is beginning to recover, changes the diet, permitting what he had before forbidden; or as a teacher gives his pupil an elementary lesson at first; preparatory to leading him to a higher stage”: so Rabbi Albo in his Ikkarim. Compare Jeremiah 7:21, Jeremiah 7:22, which shows that God’s original design in the old covenant ritual system was, that it should be pedagogical, as a schoolmaster leading and preparing men for Christ.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Hebrews 8:6-13

_ _ In this part of the chapter, the apostle illustrates and confirms the superior excellency of the priesthood of Christ above that of Aaron, from the excellency of that covenant, or that dispensation of the covenant of grace, of which Christ was the Mediator (Hebrews 8:6): his ministry is more excellent, by how much he is the Mediator of a better covenant. The body and soul too of all divinity (as some observe) consist very much in rightly distinguishing between the two covenants — the covenant of works and the covenant of grace; and between the two dispensations of the covenant of grace — that under the Old Testament and that under the New. Now observe,

_ _ I. What is here said of the old covenant, or rather of the old dispensation of the covenant of grace: of this it is said, 1. That it was made with the fathers of the Jewish nation at mount Sinai (Hebrews 8:9), and Moses was the Mediator of that covenant, when God took them by the hand, to lead them out of the land of Egypt, which intimates the great affection, condescension, and tender care of God towards them. 2. That this covenant was not found faultless (Hebrews 8:7, Hebrews 8:8); it was a dispensation of darkness and dread, tending to bondage, and only a schoolmaster to bring us to Christ; it was perfect in its kind, and fitted to answer its end, but very imperfect in comparison of the gospel. 3. That it was not sure or stedfast; for the Jews continued not in that covenant, and the Lord regarded them not, Hebrews 8:9. They dealt ungratefully with their God, and cruelly with themselves, and fell under God's displeasure. God will regard those who remain in his covenant, but will reject those who cast away his yoke from them. 4. That it is decayed, grown old, and vanisheth away, Hebrews 8:13. It is antiquated, canceled, out of date, of no more use in gospel times than candles are when the sun has risen. Some think the covenant of peculiarity did not quite decay till the destruction of Jerusalem, though it was forfeited at the death of Christ, and was made old, and was now to vanish and perish, and the Levitical priesthood vanished with it.

_ _ II. What is here said of the New Testament dispensation, to prove the superior excellency of Christ's ministry. It is said,

_ _ 1. That it is a better covenant (Hebrews 8:6), a more clear and comfortable dispensation and discovery of the grace of God to sinners, bringing in holy light and liberty to the soul. It is without fault, well ordered in all things. It requires nothing but what it promises grace to perform. It accepts of godly sincerity, accounting it gospel perfection. Every transgression does not turn us out of covenant; all is put into a good and safe hand.

_ _ 2. That it is established upon better promises, more clear and express, more spiritual, more absolute. The promises of spiritual and eternal blessings are in this covenant positive and absolute; the promises of temporal blessings are with a wise and kind proviso, as far as shall be for God's glory and his people's good. This covenant contains in it promises of assistance and acceptance in duty, promises of progress and perseverance in grace and holiness, of bliss and glory in heaven, which were more obscurely shadowed forth by the promises of the land of Canaan, a type of heaven.

_ _ 3. It is a new covenant, even that new covenant that God long ago declared he would make with the house of Israel, that is, all the Israel of God; this was promised in Jeremiah 31:31, Jeremiah 31:32, and accomplished in Christ. This will always be a new covenant, in which all who truly take hold of it shall be always found preserved by the power of God. It is God's covenant; his mercy, love, and grace moved for it; his wisdom devised it; his Son purchased it; his wisdom devised it; his Son purchased it; his Spirit brings souls into it, and builds them up in it.

_ _ 4. The articles of this covenant are very extraordinary, which are sealed between God and his people by baptism and the Lord's supper; whereby they bind themselves to their part, and God assures them he will do his part; and his is the main and principal part, on which his people depend for grace and strength to do theirs. Here,

_ _ (1.) God articles with his people that he will put his laws into their minds and write them in their hearts, Hebrews 8:10. He once wrote his laws to them, now he will write his laws in them; that is, he will give them understanding to know and to believe his law; he will give them memories to retain them; he will give them hearts to love them and consciences to recognize them; he will give them courage to profess them and power to put them in practice; the whole habit and frame of their souls shall be a table and transcript of the law of God. This is the foundation of the covenant; and, when this is laid, duty will be done wisely, sincerely, readily, easily, resolutely, constantly, and comfortably.

_ _ (2.) He articles with them to take them into a near and very honourable relation to himself. [1.] He will be to them a God; that is, he will be all that to them, and do all that for them, that God can be and do. Nothing more can be said in a thousand volumes than is comprehended in these few words: I will be a God to them. [2.] They shall be to him a people, to love, honour, observe, and obey him in all things; complying with his cautions, conforming to his commands, comporting with his providences, copying out his example, taking complacency in his favour. This those must do and will do who have God for their God; this they are bound to do as their part of the contract; this they shall do, for God will enable them to do it, as an evidence that he is their God and that they are his people; for it is God himself who first founds the relation, and then fills it up with grace suitable and sufficient, and helps them in their measure to fill it up with love and duty; so that God engages both for himself and them.

_ _ (3.) He articles with them that they shall grow more and more acquainted with their God (Hebrews 8:11): They shall all know me from the least to the greatest, insomuch that there shall not be so much need of one neighbour teaching another the knowledge of God. Here observe, [1.] In the want of better instruction, one neighbour should be teaching another to know the Lord, as they have ability and opportunity for it. [2.] This private instruction shall not be so necessary under the New Testament as it was under the Old. The old dispensation was shadowy, dark, ritual, and less understood; their priests preached but seldom, and but a few at a time, and the Spirit of God was more sparingly given out. But under the new dispensation there shall be such abundance of public qualified preachers of the gospel, and dispensers of ordinances statedly in the solemn assemblies, and so great a flocking to them, as doves to their windows, and such a plentiful effusion of the Spirit of God to make the ministration of the gospel effectual, that there shall be a mighty increase and spreading of Christian knowledge in persons of all sorts, of each sex, and of all ages. O that this promise might be fulfilled in our days, that the hand of God may be with his ministers, that a great number may believe and be turned to the Lord!

_ _ (4.) God articles with them about the pardon of their sins, as what always accompanies the true knowledge of God (Hebrews 8:12): For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, etc. Observe, [1.] The freeness of this pardon. It does not result from merit in man, but from mercy in God; he pardons for his own name's sake. [2.] The fullness of this pardon; it extends to their unrighteousness, sins, and iniquities; to all kinds of sin, to sins highly aggravated. [3.] The fixedness of this pardon. It is so final and so fixed that God will remember their sins no more; he will not recall his pardon; he will not only forgive their sins, but forget them, treat them as if he had forgotten them. This pardoning mercy is connected with all other spiritual mercies. Unpardoned sin prevents mercy, and pulls down judgments; but the pardon of sin prevents judgment, and opens a wide door to all spiritual blessings; it is the effect of that mercy that is from everlasting, and the earnest of that mercy that shall be to everlasting. This is the excellency of the new dispensation, and these are the articles of it; and therefore we have no reason to repine, but great reason to rejoice that the former dispensation is antiquated and has vanished away.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 8:6

And now he hath obtained a more excellent ministry — His priesthood as much excels theirs, as the promises of the gospel (whereof he is a surety) excels those of the law. These better promises are specified, Hebrews 8:10-11: those in the law were mostly temporal promises.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 8:6

(6) But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.

(6) He enters into the comparison of the old and transitory Testament or covenant, being but for a time, of which the Levitical priests were mediators, with the new, the everlasting Mediator of which is Christ, to show that this is not only better than that in all respects, but also that that was made void by this.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
obtained:

Hebrews 8:7-13 For if that first [covenant] had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. ... In that he saith, A new [covenant], he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old [is] ready to vanish away.
2 Corinthians 3:6-11 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. ... For if that which is done away [was] glorious, much more that which remaineth [is] glorious.

the mediator:

Hebrews 7:22 By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than [that of] Abel.
Galatians 3:19-20 Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. ... Now a mediator is not [a mediator] of one, but God is one.

covenant:
or, testament,
Hebrews 7:22 By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
Hebrews 9:15-20 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. ... Saying, This [is] the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.

was established:
Νενομοθηται [Strong's G3549], "was ordained (or established) by law."

upon:

Hebrews 8:10-12 For this [is] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: ... For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
Romans 9:4 Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the promises;
Galatians 3:16-21 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. ... [Is] the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;
2 Peter 1:4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
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