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Hebrews 8:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who serve [that which is] a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, even as Moses is warned [of God] when he is about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern that was showed thee in the mount.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, [that] thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— who serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, just as Moses was warned [by God] when he was about to erect the tabernacle; for, “SEE,” He says, “THAT YOU MAKE all things ACCORDING TO THE PATTERN WHICH WAS SHOWN YOU ON THE MOUNTAIN.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who serve to the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished by God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See (saith he) [that] thou make all things according to the pattern shown to thee in the mount.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (who serve the representation and shadow of heavenly things, according as Moses was oracularly told [when] about to make the tabernacle; for See, saith He, that thou make all things according to the pattern which has been shewn to thee in the mountain.)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who, indeed, are rendering divine service, with a glimpse and shadow, of the heavenly things; even as Moses hath received intimation, when about to complete the tent,—For see! saith he—Thou shalt make all things according to the model which hath been pointed out to thee in the mount.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who unto an example and shadow do serve of the heavenly things, as Moses hath been divinely warned, being about to construct the tabernacle, for 'See (saith He) thou mayest make all things according to the pattern that was shewn to thee in the mount;')—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things. As it was answered to Moses, when he was to finish the tabernacle: See (saith he) that thou make all things according to the pattern which was shewn thee on the mount.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who serue vnto the example and shadow of heauenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the Tabernacle. For see (saith he) that thou make all things according to the paterne shewed to thee in the mount.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— they, (namely,) who minister at an emblem and shadow of those (things) that are in heaven. As it was said unto Musha when he made the tabernacle, See and make every thing according to the pattern which was showed to thee in the mountain.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— [namely] they, who minister in the emblem and shadow of the things in heaven: as it was said to Moses, when he was about to build the tabernacle, See, and make every thing according to the pattern which was showed thee in the mount.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
serve 3000
{3000} Prime
λατρεύω
latreuo
{lat-ryoo'-o}
From λάτρις [[latris]] (a hired menial); to minister (to God), that is, render religious homage.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto the example 5262
{5262} Prime
ὑπόδειγμα
hupodeigma
{hoop-od'-igue-mah}
From G5263; an exhibit for imitation or warning (figuratively specimen, adumbration).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
shadow 4639
{4639} Prime
σκιά
skia
{skee'-ah}
Apparently a primary word; 'shade' or a shadow (literally or figuratively [darkness of error or an adumbration]).
of heavenly things, 2032
{2032} Prime
ἐπουράνιος
epouranios
{ep-oo-ran'-ee-os}
From G1909 and G3772; above the sky.
as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
Moses 3475
{3475} Prime
Μωσεῦς
Moseus
{moce-yoos'}
Of Hebrew origin [H4872]; Moseus, Moses or Mouses (that is, Mosheh), the Hebrew lawgiver.
was admonished of God 5537
{5537} Prime
χρηματίζω
chrematizo
{khray-mat-id'-zo}
From G5536; to utter an oracle (compare the original sense of G5530), that is, divinely intimate; by implication (compare the secular sense of G5532) to constitute a firm for business, that is, (genitive) bear as a title.
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
when he was about 3195
{3195} Prime
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
to make 2005
{2005} Prime
ἐπιτελέω
epiteleo
{ep-ee-tel-eh'-o}
From G1909 and G5055; to fulfill further (or completely), that is, execute; by implication to terminate, undergo.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
tabernacle: 4633
{4633} Prime
σκηνή
skene
{skay-nay'}
Apparently akin to G4632 and G4639; a tent or cloth hut (literally or figuratively).
for, 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
See, 3708
{3708} Prime
ὁράω
horao
{hor-ah'-o}
Properly to stare at (compare G3700), that is, (by implication) to discern clearly (physically or mentally); by extension to attend to; by Hebraism to experience; passively to appear.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
saith x5346
(5346) Complement
φημί
phemi
{fay-mee'}
Properly the same as the base of G5457 and G5316; to show or make known one's thoughts, that is, speak or say.
he, y5346
[5346] Standard
φημί
phemi
{fay-mee'}
Properly the same as the base of G5457 and G5316; to show or make known one's thoughts, that is, speak or say.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
[that] thou make 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
according x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
pattern 5179
{5179} Prime
τύπος
tupos
{too'-pos}
From G5180; a die (as struck), that is, (by implication) a stamp or scar; by analogy a shape, that is, a statue, (figuratively) style or resemblance; specifically a sampler ('type'), that is, a model (for imitation) or instance (for warning).
shewed 1166
{1166} Prime
δείκνυω
deiknuo
{dike-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of an obsolete primary of the same meaning; to show (literally or figuratively).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
to thee 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
mount. 3735
{3735} Prime
ὄρος
oros
{or'-os}
Probably from an obsolete word ὄρω [[oro]] (to rise or 'rear'; perhaps akin to G0142; compare G3733); a mountain (as lifting itself above the plain).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 8:5

_ _ Who — namely, the priests.

_ _ serve unto the example — not “after the example,” as Bengel explains. But as in Hebrews 13:10, “serve the tabernacle,” that is, do it service: so “serve (the tabernacle which is but) the outline and shadow.” The Greek for “example” is here taken for the sketch, copy, or suggestive representation of the heavenly sanctuary, which is the antitypical reality and primary archetype. “The mount” answers to heaven, Hebrews 12:22.

_ _ admonished — The Greek especially applies to divine responses and commands.

_ _ to make — “perfectly”: so the Greek.

_ _ See — Take heed, accurately observing the pattern, that so thou mayest make, etc.

_ _ saith he — God.

_ _ the pattern — an accurate representation, presented in vision to Moses, of the heavenly real sanctuary. Thus the earthly tabernacle was copy of a copy; but the latter accurately representing the grand archetypical original in heaven (Exodus 25:40).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 8:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 8:5

Who serve — The temple, which was not yet destroyed. After the pattern and shadow of heavenly things — Of spiritual, evangelical worship, and of everlasting glory. The pattern — Somewhat like the strokes pencilled out upon a piece of fine linen, which exhibit the figures of leaves and flowers, but have not yet received their splendid colours and curious shades. And shadow — Or shadowy representation, which gives you some dim and imperfect idea of the body, but not the fine features, not the distinguishing air; none of those living graces which adorn the real person. Yet both the pattern and shadow lead our minds to something nobler than themselves: the pattern, to that holiness and glory which complete it; the shadow, to that which occasions it. Exodus 25:40.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
unto:
Υποδειγματι και [Strong's G2532], σκια [Strong's G4639], or, "with the representation and shadow," as Dr. Macknight renders.

the example:

Hebrews 9:9 Which [was] a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;
Hebrews 9:23-24 [It was] therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. ... For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, [which are] the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:
Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, [and] not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
Colossians 2:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body [is] of Christ.

See:

Exodus 25:40 And look that thou make [them] after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.
Exodus 26:30 And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof which was shewed thee in the mount.
Exodus 27:8 Hollow with boards shalt thou make it: as it was shewed thee in the mount, so shall they make [it].
Numbers 8:4 And this work of the candlestick [was of] beaten gold, unto the shaft thereof, unto the flowers thereof, [was] beaten work: according unto the pattern which the LORD had shewed Moses, so he made the candlestick.
1 Chronicles 28:12 And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things:
1 Chronicles 28:19 All [this, said David], the LORD made me understand in writing by [his] hand upon me, [even] all the works of this pattern.
Acts 7:44 Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen.

pattern:
Τυπον [Strong's G5179], type, plan, or form.
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Ex 25:40; 26:30; 27:8. Nu 8:4. 1Ch 28:12, 19. Ac 7:44. Col 2:17. He 9:9, 23; 10:1.

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