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Hebrews 7:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now consider how great this man was, unto whom Abraham, the patriarch, gave a tenth out of the chief spoils.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now consider how great this man [was], unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now observe how great this man was to whom Abraham, the patriarch, gave a tenth of the choicest spoils.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now consider how great this man [was], to whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now consider how great this [personage] was, to whom [even] the patriarch Abraham gave a tenth out of the spoils.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now consider, how great, this man was, to whom, a tenth, Abraham gave out of the choicest spoils, [Yea Abraham] the Patriarch.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And see how great this one [is], to whom also a tenth Abraham the patriarch did give out of the best of the spoils,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now consider how great this man is, to whom also Abraham the patriarch gave tithes out of the principal things.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now consider how great this man was, vnto who euen the patriarch Abraham gaue the tenth of the spoiles.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But see how great this (person was,) that Abraham, head of the fathers, gave to him the tenths and the choicest things.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And consider ye, how great he was; to whom the patriarch Abraham gave tithes and first-fruits.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
consider 2334
{2334} Prime
θεωρέω
theoreo
{theh-o-reh'-o}
From a derivative of G2300 (perhaps by adverb of G3708); to be a spectator of, that is, discern, (literally, figuratively [experience] or intensively [acknowledge]).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
how great 4080
{4080} Prime
πηλίκος
pelikos
{pay-lee'-kos}
A quantitative form (the feminine) of the base of G4225; how much (as indefinite), that is, in size or (figuratively) dignity.
this man 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
[was], unto whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
patriarch 3966
{3966} Prime
πατριάρχης
patriarches
{pat-ree-arkh'-ace}
From G3965 and G0757; a progenitor ('patriarch').
Abraham 11
{0011} Prime
Ἀβραάμ
Abraam
{ab-rah-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0085]; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch. In Acts 7:16 the text should probably read Jacob.
gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
the tenth 1181
{1181} Prime
δεκάτη
dekate
{dek-at'-ay}
Feminine of G1182; a tenth, that is, as a percentage or (technically) tithe.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
spoils. 205
{0205} Prime
ἀκροθίνιον
akrothinion
{ak-roth-in'-ee-on}
From G0206 and θίς [[this]] (a heap); properly (in the plural) the top of the heap, that is, (by implication) best of the booty.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 7:4

_ _ consider — not merely see, but weigh with attentive contemplation, the fact.

_ _ even — “to whom (as his superior) Abraham even paid tithe (went so far as to pay tithe) of (consisting of, literally, ‘from’) the best of the spoils (literally, ‘the top of the heap”; whether of corn, the first-fruits of which, taken from the top, used to be consecrated to God; or of spoils, from the top of which the general used to take some portion for consecration to God, or for his own use).” He paid “tithes of ALL,” and those tithes were taken out of the topmost and best portion of the whole spoils.

_ _ the patriarch — in the Greek emphatically standing at the end of the whole sentence: And this payer of tithe being no less a personage than “the patriarch,” the first forefather and head of our Jewish race and nation See on Hebrews 7:3, on Melchisedec’s superiority as specially consecrated king-priest, above the other patriarch-priests.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 7:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 7:4

The greatness of Melchisedec is described in all the preceding and following particulars. But the most manifest proof of it was, that Abraham gave him tithes as to a priest of God and a superior; though he was himself a patriarch, greater than a king, and a progenitor of many kings.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 7:4

(3) Now consider how great this man [was], unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.

(3) Another figure: Melchizedek in his priesthood was above Abraham for he took tithes from him, and blessed him as a priest. Such a one indeed is Christ, on whom depends even Abraham's sanctification and all the believers, and whom all men should worship and reverence as the author of all.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the patriarch:

Acts 2:29 Men [and] brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.
Acts 7:8-9 And he gave him the covenant of circumcision: and so [Abraham] begat Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day; and Isaac [begat] Jacob; and Jacob [begat] the twelve patriarchs. ... And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,

Abraham:

Genesis 12:2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:
Genesis 17:5-6 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee. ... And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.
Romans 4:11-13 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [he had yet] being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: ... For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, [was] not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
Romans 4:17-18 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, [even] God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were. ... Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be.
Galatians 3:28-29 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. ... And if ye [be] Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.

gave:

Genesis 14:20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 12:2; 14:20; 17:5. Ac 2:29; 7:8. Ro 4:11, 17. Ga 3:28. Jm 2:23.

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