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Hebrews 7:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like unto the Son of God), abideth a priest continually.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, he remains a priest perpetually.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like to the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— without father, without mother, without genealogy; having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but assimilated to the Son of God, abides a priest continually.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Without father, without mother, without pedigree, having, neither beginning of days, nor of life an end, but made like unto the Son of God, abideth a priest evermore.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, and being made like to the Son of God, doth remain a priest continually.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but likened unto the Son of God, continueth a priest for ever.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Without father, without mother, without descent, hauing neither beginning of dayes nor end of life: but made like vnto the Sonne of God, abideth a Priest continually.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— whose father and mother were not written in the genealogies; neither the beginning of his days, nor the conclusion of his life; but in the likeness (of that) of the Son of Aloha standeth his priesthood for ever.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Of whom neither his father nor his mother are written in the genealogies; nor the commencement of his days, nor the end of his life; but, after the likeness of the Son of God, his priesthood remaineth for ever.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Without father, 540
{0540} Prime
ἀπάτωρ
apator
{ap-at'-ore}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3962; fatherless, that is, of unrecorded paternity.
without mother, 282
{0282} Prime
ἀμήτωρ
ametor
{am-ay'-tore}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3384; motherless, that is, of unknown maternity.
without descent, 35
{0035} Prime
ἀγενεαλόγητος
agenealogetos
{ag-en-eh-al-og'-ay-tos}
From G0001 (as negative particle) and G1075; unregistered as to birth.
having 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
neither 3383
{3383} Prime
μήτε
mete
{may'-teh}
From G3361 and G5037; not too, that is, (in continued negation) neither or nor; also, not even.
beginning 746
{0746} Prime
ἀρχή
arche
{ar-khay'}
From G0756; (properly abstract) a commencement, or (concrete) chief (in various applications of order, time, place or rank).
of days, 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
nor 3383
{3383} Prime
μήτε
mete
{may'-teh}
From G3361 and G5037; not too, that is, (in continued negation) neither or nor; also, not even.
end 5056
{5056} Prime
τέλος
telos
{tel'-os}
From a primary word τέλλω [[tello]] (to set out for a definite point or goal); properly the point aimed at as a limit, that is, (by implication) the conclusion of an act or state (termination [literally, figuratively or indefinitely], result [immediate, ultimate or prophetic], purpose); specifically an impost or levy (as paid).
of life; 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
made like y871
[0871] Standard
ἀφομοιόω
aphomoioo
{af-om-oy-o'-o}
From G0575 and G3666; to assimilate closely.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
unto x871
(0871) Complement
ἀφομοιόω
aphomoioo
{af-om-oy-o'-o}
From G0575 and G3666; to assimilate closely.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Son 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of God; 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
abideth 3306
{3306} Prime
μένω
meno
{men'-o}
A primary verb; to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
a priest 2409
{2409} Prime
ἱερεύς
hiereus
{hee-er-yooce'}
From G2413; a priest (literally or figuratively).
continually. 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
1336
{1336} Prime
διηνεκής
dienekes
{dee-ay-nek-es'}
Neuter of a compound of G1223 and a derivative of an alternate of G5342; carried through, that is, (adverb with G1519 and G3588 prefixed) perpetually.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 7:3

_ _ Without father, etc. — explained by “without genealogy” (so the Greek is for “without descent); compare Hebrews 7:6, that is, his genealogy is not known, whereas a Levitical priest could not dispense with the proof of his descent.

_ _ having neither beginning of days nor end of life — namely, history not having recorded his beginning nor end, as it has the beginning and end of Aaron. The Greek idiom expressed by “without father,” etc., one whose parentage was humble or unknown. “Days” mean his time of discharging his function. So the eternity spoken of in Psalms 110:4 is that of the priestly office chiefly.

_ _ made like — It is not said that he was asbsolutely “like.” Made like, namely, in the particulars here specified. Nothing is said in Genesis of the end of his priesthood, or of his having had in his priesthood either predecessor or successor, which, in a typical point of view, represents Christ’s eternal priesthood, without beginning or end. Aaron’s end is recorded; Melchisedec’s not: typically significant. “The Son of God” is not said to be made like unto Melchisedec, but Melchisedec to be “made like the Son of God.” When Alford denies that Melchisedec was made like the Son of God in respect of his priesthood, on the ground that Melchisedec was prior in time to our Lord, he forgets that Christ’s eternal priesthood was an archetypal reality in God’s purpose from everlasting, to which Melchisedec’s priesthood was “made like” in due time. The Son of God is the more ancient, and is the archetype: compare Hebrews 8:5, where the heavenly things are represented as the primary archetype of the Levitical ordinances. The epithets, “without father,” etc. “beginning of days, “nor end,” “abideth continually,” belong to Melchisedec only in respect to his priesthood, and in so far as he is the type of the Son of God, and are strictly true of Him alone. Melchisedec was, in his priesthood, “made like” Christ, as far as the imperfect type could represent the lineaments of the perfect archetype. “The portrait of a living man can be seen on the canvas, yet the man is very different from his picture.” There is nothing in the account, Genesis 14:18-20, to mark Melchisedec as a superhuman being: he is classed with the other kings in the chapter as a living historic personage: not as Origen thought, an angel; nor as the Jews thought, Shem, son of Noah; nor as Calmet, Enoch; nor as the Melchisedekites, that he was the Holy Ghost; nor as others, the Divine Word. He was probably of Shemitic, not Canaanite origin: the last independent representative of the original Shemitic population, which had been vanquished by the Canaanites, Ham’s descendants. The greatness of Abraham then lay in hopes; of Melchisedec, in present possession. Melchisedec was the highest and last representative of the Noahic covenant, as Christ was the highest and ever enduring representative of the Abrahamic. Melchisedec, like Christ, unites in himself the kingly and priestly offices, which Abraham does not. Alford thinks the epithets are, in some sense, strictly true of Melchisedec himself; not merely in the typical sense given above; but that he had not, as mortal men have, a beginning or end of life (?). A very improbable theory, and only to be resorted to in the last extremity, which has no place here. With Melchisedec, whose priesthood probably lasted a long period, the priesthood and worship of the true God in Canaan ceased. He was first and last king-priest there, till Christ, the antitype; and therefore his priesthood is said to last for ever, because it both lasts a long time, and lasts as long as the nature of the thing itself (namely, his life, and the continuance of God’s worship in Canaan) admits. If Melchisedec were high priest for ever in a literal sense, then Christ and he would now still be high priests, and we should have two instead of one (!). Tholuck remarks, “Melchisedec remains in so far as the type remains in the antitype, in so far as his priesthood remains in Christ.” The father and mother of Melchisedec, as also his children, are not descended from Levi, as the Levitical priests (Hebrews 7:6) were required to be, and are not even mentioned by Moses. The wife of Aaron, Elisheba, the mother from whom the Levitical priests spring, is mentioned: as also Sarah, the original mother of the Jewish nation itself. As man, Christ had no father; as God, no mother.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 7:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 7:3

Without father, without mother, without pedigree — Recorded, without any account of his descent from any ancestors of the priestly order. Having neither beginning of days, nor end of life — Mentioned by Moses. But being — In all these respects. Made like the Son of God — Who is really without father, as to his human nature; without mother, as to his divine; and in this also, without pedigree — Neither descended from any ancestors of the priestly order. Remaineth a priest continually — Nothing is recorded of the death or successor of Melchisedec. But Christ alone does really remain without death, and without successor.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 7:3

(2) Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.

(2) Another type: Melchizedek is set before us to be considered as one without beginning and without ending, for neither his father, mother, ancestors, or his death are written of. Such a one is indeed the Son of God, that is, an everlasting Priest: as he is God, begotten without mother, and man, conceived without father.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Without father:
That is, as the Syriac renders, "Whose father and mother are not inscribed among the genealogies; and therefore it was not known who he was."

descent:
Gr. pedigree,
Exodus 6:18 And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Kohath [were] an hundred thirty and three years.
Exodus 6:20-27 And Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram [were] an hundred and thirty and seven years. ... These [are] they which spake to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these [are] that Moses and Aaron.
1 Chronicles 6:1-3 The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. ... And the children of Amram; Aaron, and Moses, and Miriam. The sons also of Aaron; Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

a priest:

Hebrews 7:17 For he testifieth, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Hebrews 7:23-28 And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death: ... For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, [maketh] the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.
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Ex 6:18, 20. 1Ch 6:1. He 7:17, 23.

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