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Hebrews 7:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— by so much also hath Jesus become the surety of a better covenant.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— so much the more also Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— by so much Jesus became surety of a better covenant.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By as much as this, hath, Jesus, become surety of a better covenant also.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— by so much of a better covenant hath Jesus become surety,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By so much is Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By so much was Iesus made a suertie of a better Testament.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— In all this more excellent is the covenant of (which) Jeshu is the sponsor.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— By all this, is that a better covenant of which Jesus is the sponsor.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
so much y5118
[5118] Standard
τοσοῦτος
tosoutos
{tos-oo'-tos}
From τόσος [[tosos]] (so much; apparently from G3588 and G3739) and G3778 (including its variations); so vast as this, that is, such (in quantity, amount, number or space).
x5117
(5117) Complement
τόπος
topos
{top'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a spot (generally in space, but limited by occupancy; whereas G5561 is a larger but particular locality), that is, location (as a position, home, tract, etc.); figuratively condition, opportunity; specifically a scabbard.
was y1096
[1096] Standard
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5754
<5754> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 97
a surety 1450
{1450} Prime
ἔγγυος
egguos
{eng'-goo-os}
From G1722 and γυῖον [[guion]] (a limb); pledged (as if articulated by a member), that is, a bondsman.
of a better 2909
{2909} Prime
κρείττων
kreitton
{krite'-tohn}
Comparative of a derivative of G2904; stronger, that is, (figuratively) better, that is, nobler.
testament. 1242
{1242} Prime
διαθήκη
diatheke
{dee-ath-ay'-kay}
From G1303; properly a disposition, that is, (specifically) a contract (especially a devisory will).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 7:22

_ _ surety — ensuring in His own person the certainty of the covenant to us. This He did by becoming responsible for our guilt, by sealing the covenant with His blood, and by being openly acknowledged as our triumphant Savior by the Father, who raised Him from the dead. Thus He is at once God’s surety for man, and man’s surety for God, and so Mediator between God and man (Hebrews 8:6).

_ _ betterHebrews 8:6; Hebrews 13:20, “everlasting.”

_ _ testament — sometimes translated, “covenant.” The Greek term implies that it is appointed by God, and comprises the relations and bearings partly of a covenant, partly of a testament: (1) the appointment made without the concurrence of a second party, of somewhat concerning that second party; a last will or testament, so in Hebrews 9:16, Hebrews 9:17; (2) a mutual agreement in which both parties consent.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 7:11-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 7:22

Of so much better a covenant — Unchangeable, eternal. Was Jesus made a surety — Or mediator. The word covenant frequently occurs in the remaining part of this epistle. The original word means either a covenant or a last will and testament. St. Paul takes it sometimes in the former, sometimes in the latter, sense; sometimes he includes both.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a surety:

Genesis 43:9 I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever:
Genesis 44:32 For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever.
Proverbs 6:1 My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, [if] thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger,
Proverbs 20:16 Take his garment that is surety [for] a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.

of a:

Hebrews 8:6-12 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. ... For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
Hebrews 9:15-23 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. ... [It was] therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.
Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than [that of] Abel.
Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,
Daniel 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Matthew 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
Mark 14:24 And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many.
Luke 22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup [is] the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:25 After the same manner also [he took] the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink [it], in remembrance of me.

testament:
Rather covenant, διαθηκη [Strong's G1242].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 43:9; 44:32. Pv 6:1; 20:16. Dn 9:27. Mt 26:28. Mk 14:24. Lk 22:20. 1Co 11:25. He 8:6; 9:15; 12:24; 13:20.

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