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Hebrews 7:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— (for they indeed have been made priests without an oath; but he with an oath by him that saith of him, The Lord sware and will not repent himself, Thou art a priest for ever);
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— (For those priests were made without an oath; but this with an oath by him that said unto him, The Lord sware and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec:)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— (for they indeed became priests without an oath, but He with an oath through the One who said to Him, “THE LORD HAS SWORN AND WILL NOT CHANGE HIS MIND, ‘YOU ARE A PRIEST FOREVER’”);
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— (For those priests were made without an oath; but this with an oath, by him that said to him, The Lord swore, and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec:)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (for they are become priests without the swearing of an oath, but he with the swearing of an oath, by him who said, as to him, The Lord has sworn, and will not repent [of it], *Thou* [art] priest for ever [according to the order of Melchisedec];)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, they, indeed, apart from oath-taking, have been made priests, but, he, with an oath-taking, through him that was saying unto him—The Lord sware, and will not regret,—Thou, art a priest, age-abidingly
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he with an oath through Him who is saying unto him, 'The Lord sware, and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest—to the age, according to the order of Melchisedek;')
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But this with an oath, by him that said unto him: The Lord hath sworn and he will not repent: Thou art a priest for ever).
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— (For those [Priests] were made without an oath: but this with an oath, by him that said vnto him, The Lord sware and wil not repent, thou art a Priest for euer after the order of Melchisedec)
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For they were made priests without an oath; but this [one] with an oath: as he said unto him by the hand of David, The Lord hath sworn and will not lie, that thou art the Priest for ever in the likeness of Malki-Zedek.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For they became priests without an oath; but this man by an oath. As he said to him by David: The Lord hath sworn, and will not lie, Thou art a priest for ever, after the likeness of Melchisedec.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
(For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
those priests 2409
{2409} Prime
ἱερεύς
hiereus
{hee-er-yooce'}
From G2413; a priest (literally or figuratively).
x3303
(3303) Complement
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
were 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
y3303
[3303] Standard
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5756
<5756> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 43
without 5565
{5565} Prime
χωρίς
choris
{kho-rece'}
Adverb from G5561; at a space, that is, separately or apart from (often as preposition).
an oath; 3728
{3728} Prime
ὁρκωμοσία
horkomosia
{hor-ko-mos-ee'-ah}
From a compound of G3727 and a derivative of G3660; asseveration on oath.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
this x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
an oath 3728
{3728} Prime
ὁρκωμοσία
horkomosia
{hor-ko-mos-ee'-ah}
From a compound of G3727 and a derivative of G3660; asseveration on oath.
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
him that said 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
The Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
sware 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
will y3338
[3338] Standard
μεταμέλ[λ]ομαι
metamellomai
{met-am-el'-lom-ahee}
From G3326 and the middle of G3199; to care afterwards, that is, regret.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
repent, 3338
{3338} Prime
μεταμέλ[λ]ομαι
metamellomai
{met-am-el'-lom-ahee}
From G3326 and the middle of G3199; to care afterwards, that is, regret.
z5700
<5700> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 7
Thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
[art] a priest 2409
{2409} Prime
ἱερεύς
hiereus
{hee-er-yooce'}
From G2413; a priest (literally or figuratively).
for y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
ever 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
after 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
order 5010
{5010} Prime
τάξις
taxis
{tax'-is}
From G5021; regular arrangement, that is, (in time) fixed succession (of rank or character), official dignity.
of Melchisedec:) 3198
{3198} Prime
Μελχισέδεκ
Melchisedek
{mel-khis-ed-ek'}
Of Hebrew origin [H4442]; Melchisedek (that is, Malkitsedek), a patriarch.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 7:21

_ _ Translate in the Greek order, “For they indeed (the existing legal priests) without the (solemn) promise on oath (so the Greek [Tittmann]) are made priests.”

_ _ by him — God.

_ _ unto him — the Lord, the Son of God (Psalms 110:1).

_ _ not repent — never change His purpose.

_ _ after the order of Melchisedec — omitted in some oldest manuscripts, contained in others.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 7:11-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 7:21

The Lord sware and will not repent — Hence also it appears, that his is an unchangeable priesthood.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
an oath:
or, swearing of an oath

The Lord:

Hebrews 7:17 For he testifieth, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Psalms 110:4 The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

sware:

Hebrews 6:16-18 For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation [is] to them an end of all strife. ... That by two immutable things, in which [it was] impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:
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Ps 110:4. He 6:16; 7:17.

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