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Hebrews 7:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all (being first, by interpretation, King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is King of peace;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— to whom also Abraham apportioned a tenth part of all [the spoils], was first of all, by the translation [of his name], king of righteousness, and then also king of Salem, which is king of peace.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— to whom Abraham gave also the tenth portion of all; first being interpreted King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is King of peace;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To whom even a tenth of all Abraham apportioned, first, indeed, when translated, King of Righteousness, but, after that, King of Salem also, which is King of Peace,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— to whom also a tenth of all did Abraham divide, (first, indeed, being interpreted, 'King of righteousness,' and then also, King of Salem, which is, King of Peace,)
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To whom also Abraham divided the tithes of all: who first indeed by interpretation is king of justice: and then also king of Salem, that is, king of peace:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To whom also Abraham gaue a tenth part of all: first being by interpretation king of righteousnesse, and after that also king of Salem, which is, king of peace.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And to him Abraham separated the tenth from every thing which he had with him. Now his name, being expounded, (is,) the King of Righteousness; and again, MalekSholem, which is, King of peace:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And to him Abraham imparted tithes of all that he had with him. Moreover his name is interpreted king of righteousness; and again [he is called] King of Salem, that is King of Peace.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Abraham 11
{0011} Prime
Ἀβραάμ
Abraam
{ab-rah-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0085]; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch. In Acts 7:16 the text should probably read Jacob.
gave 3307
{3307} Prime
μερίζω
merizo
{mer-id'-zo}
From G3313; to part, that is, (literally) to apportion, bestow, share, or (figuratively) to disunite, differ.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
a tenth part 1181
{1181} Prime
δεκάτη
dekate
{dek-at'-ay}
Feminine of G1182; a tenth, that is, as a percentage or (technically) tithe.
of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
all; 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
first 4412
{4412} Prime
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
3303
{3303} Prime
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
being by interpretation 2059
{2059} Prime
ἑρμηνεύω
hermeneuo
{her-mayn-yoo'-o}
From a presumed derivative of G2060 (as the god of language); to translate.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
King 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
of righteousness, 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
after that 1899
{1899} Prime
ἔπειτα
epeita
{ep'-i-tah}
From G1909 and G1534; thereafter.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
King 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
of Salem, 4532
{4532} Prime
Σαλήμ
Salem
{sal-ame'}
Of Hebrew origin [H8004]; Salem (that is, Shalem), a place in Palestine.
which is, 3603
{3603} Prime
ἐστι
ho esti
{ho es-tee'}
From the neuter of G3739 and the third person singular present indicative of G1510; which is.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
King 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
of peace; 1515
{1515} Prime
εἰρήνη
eirene
{i-ray'-nay}
Probably from a primary verb εἴρω [[eiro]] (to join); peace (literally or figuratively); by implication prosperity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 7:2

_ _ gaveGreek, “apportioned”; assigned as his portion.

_ _ tenth ... of all — namely, the booty taken. The tithes given are closely associated with the priesthood: the mediating priest received them as a pledge of the giver’s whole property being God’s; and as he conveyed God’s gifts to man (Hebrews 7:1, “blessed him”), so also man’s gifts to God. Melchisedec is a sample of how God preserves, amidst general apostasy, an elect remnant. The meeting of Melchisedec and Abraham is the connecting link between to two dispensations, the patriarchal, represented by Melchisedec, who seems to have been specially consecrated by God as a KING-PRIEST, the highest form of that primitive system in which each father of a household was priest in it, and the Levitical, represented by Abraham, in which the priesthood was to be limited to one family of one tribe and one nation. The Levitical was parenthetical, and severed the kingdom and priesthood; the patriarchal was the true forerunner of Christ’s, which, like Melchisedec’s, unites the kingship and priesthood, and is not derived from other man, or transmitted to other man; but derived from God, and is transmitted in God to a never-ending perpetuity. Melchisedec’s priesthood continueth in Christ for ever. For other points of superiority, see Hebrews 7:16-21. Melchisedec must have had some special consecration above the other patriarchs, as Abraham, who also exercised the priesthood; else Abraham would not have paid tithe to him as to a superior. His peculiar function seems to have been, by God’s special call, KING-priest whereas no other “patriarch-priest” was also a God-consecrated king.

_ _ first being — Paul begins the mystical explanation of the historical fact (allegorical explanations being familiar to JEWS), by mentioning the significancy of the name.

_ _ righteousness — not merely righteous: so Christ. HebrewMalchi” means king:Tzedek,righteousness.

_ _ King of Salem — not only his own name, but that of the city which he ruled, had a typical significance, namely, peace. Christ is the true Prince of peace. The peace which He brings is the fruit of righteousness.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 7:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 7:2

Being first — According to the meaning of his own name. King of righteousness, then — According to the name of his city. King of peace — So in him, as in Christ, righteousness and peace were joined. And so they are in all that believe in him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a tenth:

Genesis 28:22 And this stone, which I have set [for] a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee.
Leviticus 27:32 And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, [even] of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.
Numbers 18:21 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, [even] the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.
1 Samuel 8:15 And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants.
1 Samuel 8:17 He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants.

King of righteousness:

2 Samuel 8:15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.
2 Samuel 23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God.
1 Kings 4:24-25 For he had dominion over all [the region] on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him. ... And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon.
1 Chronicles 22:9 Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days.
Psalms 45:4-7 And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things. ... Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Psalms 72:1-3 [[[A Psalm] for Solomon.]] Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king's son. ... The mountains shall bring peace to the people, and the little hills, by righteousness.
Psalms 72:7 In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.
Psalms 85:10-11 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed [each other]. ... Truth shall spring out of the earth; and righteousness shall look down from heaven.
Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. ... Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 32:1-2 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment. ... And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
Isaiah 45:22-25 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else. ... In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Jeremiah 33:15-16 In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land. ... In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this [is the name] wherewith she shall be called, The LORD our righteousness.
Micah 5:5 And this [man] shall be the peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
Luke 2:14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.
Romans 3:26 To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Romans 5:1-2 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: ... By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Ephesians 2:14-18 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition [between us]; ... For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 28:22. Lv 27:32. Nu 18:21. 1S 8:15, 17. 2S 8:15; 23:3. 1K 4:24. 1Ch 22:9. Ps 45:4; 72:1, 7; 85:10. Is 9:6; 32:1; 45:22. Jr 23:5; 33:15. Mi 5:5. Lk 2:14. Ro 3:26; 5:1. Ep 2:14.

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