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Hebrews 6:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and [then] fell away, it is impossible to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and [then] have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of God and put Him to open shame.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If they shall fall away, to renew them again to repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and have fallen away, crucifying for themselves [as they do] the Son of God, and making a show of [him].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And who have fallen away, again, to be remoulding them into repentance; seeing they are again crucifying unto themselves the Son of God, and holding him up as an example.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having fallen away, again to renew [them] to reformation, having crucified again to themselves the Son of God, and exposed to public shame.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And are fallen away: to be renewed again to penance, crucifying again to themselves the Son of God and making him a mockery.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If they shall fall away, to renue them againe vnto repentance: seeing they crucifie to themselues the Sonne of God afresh, and put him to an open shame.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— (and) who again shall sin, cannot again be renewed unto conversion, who would afresh crucify and put to shame the Son of God.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— cannot again sin, and a second time be renewed to repentance; or a second time crucify and insult the Son of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
shall fall away, 3895
{3895} Prime
παραπίπτω
parapipto
{par-ap-ip'-to}
From G3844 and G4098; to fall aside, that is, (figuratively) to apostatize.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
to renew x340
(0340) Complement
ἀνακαινίζω
anakainizo
{an-ak-ahee-nid'-zo}
From G0303 and a derivative of G2537; to restore.
them y340
[0340] Standard
ἀνακαινίζω
anakainizo
{an-ak-ahee-nid'-zo}
From G0303 and a derivative of G2537; to restore.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
again 3825
{3825} Prime
πάλιν
palin
{pal'-in}
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
repentance; 3341
{3341} Prime
μετάνοια
metanoia
{met-an'-oy-ah}
From G3340; (subjectively) compunction (for guilt, including reformation); by implication reversal (of [another's] decision).
seeing they crucify y388
[0388] Standard
ἀνασταυρόω
anastauroo
{an-as-tow-ro'-o}
From G0303 and G4717; to recrucify (figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
to themselves y1438
[1438] Standard
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
the Son y5207
[5207] Standard
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of God y2316
[2316] Standard
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
afresh, 388
{0388} Prime
ἀνασταυρόω
anastauroo
{an-as-tow-ro'-o}
From G0303 and G4717; to recrucify (figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
x1438
(1438) Complement
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
x5207
(5207) Complement
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
x2316
(2316) Complement
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
put [him] to an open shame. 3856
{3856} Prime
παραδειγματίζω
paradeigmatizo
{par-ad-igue-mat-id'-zo}
From G3844 and G1165; to show alongside (the public), that is, expose to infamy.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 6:6

_ _ IfGreek,And (yet) have fallen away”; compare a less extreme falling or declension, Galatians 5:4, “Ye are fallen from grace.” Here an entire and willful apostasy is meant; the Hebrews had not yet so fallen away; but he warns them that such would be the final result of retrogression, if, instead of “going on to perfection,” they should need to learn again the first principles of Christianity (Hebrews 6:1).

_ _ to renew them again — They have been “once” (Hebrews 6:4) already renewed, or made anew, and now they need to be “renewed” over “again.”

_ _ crucify to themselves the Son of God — “are crucifying to themselves” Christ, instead of, like Paul, crucifying the world unto them by the cross of Christ (Galatians 6:14). So in Hebrews 10:29, “trodden under foot the Son of God, and counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith ... sanctified, an unholy thing.” “The Son of God,” marking His dignity, shows the greatness of their offense.

_ _ put him to an open shame — literally, “make a public example of” Him, as if He were a malefactor suspended on a tree. What the carnal Israel did outwardly, those who fall away from light do inwardly, they virtually crucify again the Son of God; “they tear him out of the recesses of their hearts where He had fixed His abode and exhibit Him to the open scoffs of the world as something powerless and common” [Bleek in Alford]. The Montanists and Novatians used this passage to justify the lasting exclusion from the Church of those who had once lapsed. The Catholic Church always opposed this view, and readmitted the lapsed on their repentance, but did not rebaptize them. This passage implies that persons may be in some sense “renewed,” and yet fall away finally; for the words, “renew again,” imply that they have been, in some sense, not the full sense, ONCE RENEWED by the Holy Ghost; but certainly not that they are “the elect,” for these can never fall away, being chosen unto everlasting life (John 10:28). The elect abide in Christ, hear and continuously obey His voice, and do not fall away. He who abides not in Christ, is cast forth as a withered branch; but he who abides in Him becomes more and more free from sin; the wicked one cannot touch him; and he by faith overcomes the world. A temporary faith is possible, without one thereby being constituted one of the elect (Mark 4:16, Mark 4:17). At the same time it does not limit God’s grace, as if it were “impossible” for God to reclaim even such a hardened rebel so as yet to look on Him whom he has pierced. The impossibility rests in their having known in themselves once the power of Christ’s sacrifice, and yet now rejecting it; there cannot possibly be any new means devised for their renewal afresh, and the means provided by God’s love they now, after experience of them, deliberately and continuously reject; their conscience being served, and they “twice dead” (Jude 1:12), are now past hope, except by a miracle of God’s grace. “It is the curse of evil eternally to propagate evil” [Tholuck]. “He who is led into the whole (?) compass of Christian experiences, may yet cease to abide in them; he who abides not in them, was, at the very time when he had those objective experiences, not subjectively true to them; otherwise there would have been fulfilled in him, “Whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance” (Matthew 13:12), so that he would have abided in them and not have fallen away” [Tholuck]. Such a one was never truly a Spirit-led disciple of Christ (Romans 8:14-17). The sin against the Holy Ghost, though somewhat similar, is not identical with this sin; for that sin may be committed by those outside the Church (as in Matthew 12:24, Matthew 12:31, Matthew 12:32); this, only by those inside.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 6:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 6:6

And have fallen away — Here is not a supposition, but a plain relation of fact. The apostle here describes the case of those who have cast away both the power and the form of godliness; who have lost both their faith, hope, and love, Hebrews 6:10, &c., and that wilfully, Hebrews 10:26. Of these wilful total apostates he declares, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance. (though they were renewed once,) either to the foundation, or anything built thereon. Seeing they crucify the Son of God afresh — They use him with the utmost indignity. And put him to an open shame — Causing his glorious name to be blasphemed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 6:6

If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they (d) crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame.

(d) As men that hate Christ, and as though they crucified him again, making a mockery of him to all the world, to their own destruction, as Julian the Apostate or backslider did.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to renew:

Hebrews 6:4 For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
Psalms 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
Isaiah 1:28 And the destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners [shall be] together, and they that forsake the LORD shall be consumed.
2 Timothy 2:25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;

they crucify:

Hebrews 10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
Zechariah 12:10-14 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for [his] only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn. ... All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.
Matthew 23:31-32 Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. ... Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.
Luke 11:48 Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres.

an open:

Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Matthew 27:38-44 Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left. ... The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
Mark 15:29-32 And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest [it] in three days, ... Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.
Luke 23:35-39 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided [him], saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God. ... And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 51:10. Is 1:28. Zc 12:10. Mt 23:31; 27:38. Mk 15:29. Lk 11:48; 23:35. 2Ti 2:25. He 6:4; 10:29; 12:2.

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