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Hebrews 6:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For as touching those who were once enlightened and tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Spirit,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For [it is] impossible for those who have been once enlightened, and have tasted the heavenly gift, and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For it is impossible to renew again to repentance those once enlightened, and who have tasted of the heavenly gift, and have been made partakers of [the] Holy Spirit,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For it is impossible—as to these who have been, once for all, illuminated, who have tasted also of the heavenly free-gift, and have been made, partners, in a Holy Spirit,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for [it is] impossible for those once enlightened, having tasted also of the heavenly gift, and partakers having became of the Holy Spirit,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For it is impossible for those who were once illuminated, have tasted also the heavenly gift and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For it is impossible for those who were once inlightned, and haue tasted of the heauenly gift, and were made partakers of the holy Ghost,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But they who once unto baptism have descended, and have tasted the gift which is from heaven, and have received the Spirit of Holiness,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But they who have once descended to baptism, and have tasted the gift from heaven, and have received the Holy Spirit,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
[it is] impossible 102
{0102} Prime
ἀδύνατος
adunatos
{ad-oo'-nat-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G1415; unable, that is, weak (literally or figuratively); passively impossible.
for those who were once y530
[0530] Standard
ἅπαξ
hapax
{hap'-ax}
Probably from G0537; one (or a single) time (numerically or conclusively).
enlightened, 5461
{5461} Prime
φωτίζω
photizo
{fo-tid'-zo}
From G5457; to shed rays, that is, to shine or (transitively) to brighten up (literally or figuratively).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
x5030
(5030) Complement
ταχέως
tacheos
{takh-eh'-oce}
Adverb from G5036; briefly, that is, (in time) speedily, or (in manner) rapidly.
and 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
have tasted 1089
{1089} Prime
γεύομαι
geuomai
{ghyoo'-om-ahee}
A primary verb; to taste; by implication to eat; figuratively to experience (good or ill).
z5666
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heavenly 2032
{2032} Prime
ἐπουράνιος
epouranios
{ep-oo-ran'-ee-os}
From G1909 and G3772; above the sky.
gift, 1431
{1431} Prime
δωρεά
dorea
{do-reh-ah'}
From G1435; a gratuity.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
were made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5679
<5679> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 164
partakers 3353
{3353} Prime
μέτοχος
metochos
{met'-okh-os}
From G3348; participant, that is, (as noun) a sharer; by implication an associate.
of the Holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
Ghost, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 6:4

_ _ We must “go on toward perfection”; for if we fall away, after having received enlightenment, it will be impossible to renew us again to repentance.

_ _ for those — “in the case of those.”

_ _ once enlightened — once for all illuminated by the word of God taught in connection with “baptism” (to which, in Hebrews 6:2, as once for all done,” once enlightened” here answers); compare Ephesians 5:26. This passage probably originated the application of the term “illumination” to baptism in subsequent times. Illumination, however, was not supposed to be the inseparable accompaniment of baptism: thus Chrysostom says, “Heretics have baptism, not illumination: they are baptized in body, but not enlightened in soul: as Simon Magus was baptized, but not illuminated.” That “enlightened” here means knowledge of the word of truth, appears from comparing the same Greek word “illuminated,” Hebrews 10:32, with Hebrews 10:26, where “knowledge of the truth” answers to it.

_ _ tasted of the heavenly gift — tasted for themselves. As “enlightened” refers to the sense of sight: so here taste follows. “The heavenly gift”; Christ given by the Father and revealed by the enlightening word preached and written: as conferring peace in the remission of sins; and as the Bestower of the gift of the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:19, Acts 8:20),

_ _ made partakers of the Holy Ghost — specified as distinct from, though so inseparably connected with, “enlightened,” and “tasted of the heavenly gift,” Christ, as answering to “laying on of hands” after baptism, which was then generally accompanied with the impartation of the Holy Ghost in miraculous gifts.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 6:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 6:4

It is impossible for those who were once enlightened — With the light of the glorious love of God in Christ. And have tasted the heavenly gift — Remission of sins, sweeter than honey and the honeycomb. And been made partakers of the Holy Ghost — Of the witness and the fruit of he Spirit.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 6:4

(2) For [it is] (b) impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have (c) tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,

(2) He adds a vehemency to his exhortation, and a sharp threatening of the certain destruction that will come to them who fall away from God and his religion.

(b) He speaks of a general backsliding and those who fall away from the faith completely, not of sins committed through the weakness of a man against the first and the second table of the law.

(c) We must note the force of this word, for it is one thing to believe as Lydia did, whose heart God opened in (Acts 16:13) and another thing to have some taste.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
it is:

Hebrews 10:26-29 For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, ... Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
Hebrews 12:15-17 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled; ... For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.
Matthew 5:13 Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.
Matthew 12:31-32 Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy [against] the [Holy] Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. ... And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the [world] to come.
Matthew 12:45 Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last [state] of that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation.
Luke 11:24-26 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out. ... Then goeth he, and taketh [to him] seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there: and the last [state] of that man is worse than the first.
John 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.
2 Timothy 2:25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;
2 Timothy 4:14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works:
2 Peter 2:20-22 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. ... But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.
1 John 5:16 If any man see his brother sin a sin [which is] not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall pray for it.

were once:

Hebrews 10:32 But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions;
Numbers 24:3 And he took up his parable, and said, Balaam the son of Beor hath said, and the man whose eyes are open hath said:
Numbers 24:15-16 And he took up his parable, and said, Balaam the son of Beor hath said, and the man whose eyes are open hath said: ... He hath said, which heard the words of God, and knew the knowledge of the most High, [which] saw the vision of the Almighty, falling [into a trance], but having his eyes open:

and have:

Matthew 7:21-22 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. ... Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
Luke 10:19-20 Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you. ... Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven.
John 3:27 John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven.
John 4:10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
John 6:32 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
Acts 8:20 But Peter said unto him, Thy money perish with thee, because thou hast thought that the gift of God may be purchased with money.
Acts 10:45 And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Acts 11:17 Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as [he did] unto us, who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I could withstand God?
Romans 1:11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established;
1 Corinthians 13:1-2 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become [as] sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. ... And though I have [the gift of] prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.
Ephesians 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:
Ephesians 3:7 Whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God given unto me by the effectual working of his power.
Ephesians 4:7 But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.
1 Timothy 4:14 Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery.
James 1:17-18 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning. ... Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

partakers:

Hebrews 2:4 God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?
Acts 15:8 And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as [he did] unto us;
Galatians 3:2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
Galatians 3:5 He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, [doeth he it] by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 24:3, 15. Mt 5:13; 7:21; 12:31, 45. Lk 10:19; 11:24. Jn 3:27; 4:10; 6:32; 15:6. Ac 8:20; 10:45; 11:17; 15:8. Ro 1:11. 1Co 13:1. Ga 3:2, 5. Ep 2:8; 3:7; 4:7. 1Ti 4:14. 2Ti 2:25; 4:14. He 2:4; 10:26, 32; 12:15. Jm 1:17. 2P 2:20. 1Jn 5:16.

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