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Hebrews 6:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherein God, being minded to show more abundantly unto the heirs of the promise the immutability of his counsel, interposed with an oath;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed [it] by an oath:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In the same way God, desiring even more to show to the heirs of the promise the unchangeableness of His purpose, interposed with an oath,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherein God, willing more abundantly to show to the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed [it] by an oath:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherein God, willing to shew more abundantly to the heirs of the promise the unchangeableness of his purpose, intervened by an oath,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherein God, being, more abundantly disposed to shew forth unto the heirs of the promise the unchangeableness of his counsel, mediated, with an oath,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— in which God, more abundantly willing to shew to the heirs of the promise the immutability of his counsel, did interpose by an oath,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherein God, meaning more abundantly to shew to the heirs of the promise the immutability of his counsel, interposed an oath:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherein God willing more abundantly to shewe vnto the heyres of promise the immutabilitie of his counsell, confirmed [it] by an oath:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— On this account Aloha, willing abundantly to manifest to the heirs of the promise that his engagement is changeless, hath bound it in an oath:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore, God, being abundantly willing to show to the heirs of the promise, that his promising was irreversible, bound it up in an oath;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherein 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
willing 1014
{1014} Prime
βούλομαι
boulomai
{boo'-lom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to 'will', that is, (reflexively) be willing.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
more abundantly 4054
{4054} Prime
περισσότερον
perissoteron
{per-is-sot'-er-on}
Neuter of G4055 (as adverb); in a more superabundant way.
to shew 1925
{1925} Prime
ἐπιδείκνυμι
epideiknumi
{ep-ee-dike'-noo-mee}
From G1909 and G1166; to exhibit (physically or mentally).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
unto the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heirs 2818
{2818} Prime
κληρονόμος
kleronomos
{klay-ron-om'-os}
From G2819 and the base of G3551 (in its original sense of partitioning, that is, [reflexively] getting by apportionment); a sharer by lot, that is, an inheritor (literally or figuratively); by implication a possessor.
of promise 1860
{1860} Prime
ἐπαγγελία
epaggelia
{ep-ang-el-ee'-ah}
From G1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
immutability 276
{0276} Prime
ἀμετάθετος
ametathetos
{am-et-ath'-et-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G3346; unchangeable, or (neuter as abstract) unchangeability.
of his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
counsel, 1012
{1012} Prime
βουλή
boule
{boo-lay'}
From G1014; volition, that is, (objectively) advice, or (by implication) purpose.
confirmed 3315
{3315} Prime
μεσιτεύω
mesiteuo
{mes-it-yoo'-o}
From G3316; to interpose (as arbiter), that is, (by implication) to ratify (as surety).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
[it] by an oath: 3727
{3727} Prime
ὅρκος
horkos
{hor'-kos}
From ἕρκος [[herkos]] (a fence; perhaps akin to G3725); a limit, that is, (sacred) restraint (specifically oath).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 6:17

_ _ Wherein — that is, Which being the case among men, God, in accommodation to their manner of confirming covenants, superadded to His sure word His oath: the “TWO immutable things” (Hebrews 6:18).

_ _ willing ... counselGreek, “willing ... will”; words akin. Expressing the utmost benignity [Bengel].

_ _ more abundantly — than had He not sworn. His word would have been amply enough; but, to make assurance doubly sure, He “interposed with an oath” (so the Greek). Literally, He acted as Mediator, coming between Himself and us; as if He were less, while He swears, than Himself by whom He swears (for the less among men usually swear by the greater). Dost thou not yet believe, thou that hearest the promise? [Bengel].

_ _ heirs of promise — not only Abraham’s literal, but also his spiritual, seed (Galatians 3:29).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 6:9-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 6:17

God interposed by an oath — Amazing condescension! He who is greatest of all acts as if he were a middle person; as if while he swears, he were less than himself, by whom he swears! Thou that hearest the promise, dost thou not yet believe?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 6:17

Wherein God, willing more (f) abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed [it] by an oath:

(f) More than was needed, were it not for the wickedness of men who do not believe God, even though he swears.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
more:

Psalms 36:8 They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.
Song of Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.
Isaiah 55:7 Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.
John 10:10 The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have [it] more abundantly.
1 Peter 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

the heirs:

Hebrews 6:12 That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.
Hebrews 11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.
Hebrews 11:9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as [in] a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise:
Romans 8:17 And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together.
Galatians 3:29 And if ye [be] Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with [them] according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered.

the immutability:

Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which [it was] impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:
Job 23:13-14 But he [is] in one [mind], and who can turn him? and [what] his soul desireth, even [that] he doeth. ... For he performeth [the thing that is] appointed for me: and many such [things are] with him.
Psalms 33:11 The counsel of the LORD standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.
Proverbs 19:21 [There are] many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel of the LORD, that shall stand.
Isaiah 14:24 The LORD of hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, [so] shall it stand:
Isaiah 14:26-27 This [is] the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth: and this [is] the hand that is stretched out upon all the nations. ... For the LORD of hosts hath purposed, and who shall disannul [it]? and his hand [is] stretched out, and who shall turn it back?
Isaiah 46:10 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times [the things] that are not [yet] done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure:
Isaiah 54:9-10 For this [is as] the waters of Noah unto me: for [as] I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth; so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee. ... For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath mercy on thee.
Isaiah 55:11 So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper [in the thing] whereto I sent it.
Jeremiah 33:20-21 Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season; ... [Then] may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.
Jeremiah 33:25-26 Thus saith the LORD; If my covenant [be] not with day and night, [and if] I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth; ... Then will I cast away the seed of Jacob, and David my servant, [so] that I will not take [any] of his seed [to be] rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I will cause their captivity to return, and have mercy on them.
Malachi 3:6 For I [am] the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.
Romans 11:29 For the gifts and calling of God [are] without repentance.
James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

confirmed it:
Gr. interposed himself,
Hebrews 6:16 For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation [is] to them an end of all strife.
Genesis 26:28 And they said, We saw certainly that the LORD was with thee: and we said, Let there be now an oath betwixt us, [even] betwixt us and thee, and let us make a covenant with thee;
Exodus 22:11 [Then] shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept [thereof], and he shall not make [it] good.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 26:28. Ex 22:11. Jb 23:13. Ps 33:11; 36:8. Pv 19:21. So 5:1. Is 14:24, 26; 46:10; 54:9; 55:7, 11. Jr 33:20, 25. Mal 3:6. Jn 10:10. Ro 8:17; 11:29. Ga 3:29. He 6:12, 16, 18; 11:7, 9. Jm 1:17; 2:5. 1P 1:3; 3:7.

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