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Hebrews 6:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For men swear by the greater: and in every dispute of theirs the oath is final for confirmation.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation [is] to them an end of all strife.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For men swear by one greater [than themselves], and with them an oath [given] as confirmation is an end of every dispute.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation [is] to them an end of all contradiction.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For men indeed swear by a greater, and with them the oath is a term to all dispute, as making matters sure.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, men, by the greater one, swear, and, with them, an end of all gainsaying by way of confirmation is, the oath:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for men indeed do swear by the greater, and an end of all controversy to them for confirmation [is] the oath,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For men swear by one greater than themselves: and an oath for confirmation is the end of all their controversy.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For men verily sweare by the greater, and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For men swear by one greater than themselves: and every controversy which occurs among them hath a sure conclusion in the oath.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For men swear by one greater than themselves: and in every controversy that occurs among them, the sure termination of it is by an oath.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
men 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
verily 3303
{3303} Prime
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
swear 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
by 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
greater: 3187
{3187} Prime
μείζων
meizon
{mide'-zone}
Irregular comparative of G3173; larger (literally or figuratively, specifically in age).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
an oath 3727
{3727} Prime
ὅρκος
horkos
{hor'-kos}
From ἕρκος [[herkos]] (a fence; perhaps akin to G3725); a limit, that is, (sacred) restraint (specifically oath).
for 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
confirmation 951
{0951} Prime
βεβαίωσις
bebaiosis
{beb-ah'-yo-sis}
From G0950; stabiliment.
[is] to them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
an end 4009
{4009} Prime
πέρας
peras
{per'-as}
From the same as G4008; an extremity.
of all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
strife. 485
{0485} Prime
ἀντιλογία
antilogia
{an-tee-log-ee'-ah}
From a derivative of G0483; dispute, disobedience.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 6:16

_ _ for confirmation — not to be joined, as English Version, to “an oath”; but to “an end” [Alford]. I prefer, “The oath is to them, in respect to confirmation (of one’s solemn promise or covenant; as here, God’s), an end of all contradiction (so the Greek is translated, Hebrews 12:3), or “gainsaying.” This passage shows: (1) an oath is sanctioned even in the Christian dispensation as lawful; (2) that the limits to its use are, that it only be employed where it can put an end to contradiction in disputes, and for confirmation of a solemn promise.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 6:9-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 6:16

Men generally swear by him who is infinitely greater than themselves, and an oath for confirmation, to confirm what is promised or asserted, usually puts an end to all contradiction. This shows that an oath taken in a religious manner is lawful even under the gospel: otherwise the apostle would never have mentioned it with so much honour, as a proper means to confirm the truth

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
swear:

Hebrews 6:13 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself,
Genesis 14:22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,
Genesis 21:23 Now therefore swear unto me here by God that thou wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son's son: [but] according to the kindness that I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, and to the land wherein thou hast sojourned.
Matthew 23:20-22 Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon. ... And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.

an oath:

Genesis 21:30-31 And he said, For [these] seven ewe lambs shalt thou take of my hand, that they may be a witness unto me, that I have digged this well. ... Wherefore he called that place Beersheba; because there they sware both of them.
Genesis 31:53 The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware by the fear of his father Isaac.
Exodus 22:11 [Then] shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept [thereof], and he shall not make [it] good.
Joshua 9:15-20 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation sware unto them. ... This we will do to them; we will even let them live, lest wrath be upon us, because of the oath which we sware unto them.
2 Samuel 21:2 And the king called the Gibeonites, and said unto them; (now the Gibeonites [were] not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites; and the children of Israel had sworn unto them: and Saul sought to slay them in his zeal to the children of Israel and Judah.)
Ezekiel 17:16-20 [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely in the place [where] the king [dwelleth] that made him king, whose oath he despised, and whose covenant he brake, [even] with him in the midst of Babylon he shall die. ... And I will spread my net upon him, and he shall be taken in my snare, and I will bring him to Babylon, and will plead with him there for his trespass that he hath trespassed against me.
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Gn 14:22; 21:23, 30; 31:53. Ex 22:11. Jsh 9:15. 2S 21:2. Ezk 17:16. Mt 23:20. He 6:13.

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