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Hebrews 5:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and having been made perfect, he became unto all them that obey him the author of eternal salvation;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And having been made perfect, He became to all those who obey Him the source of eternal salvation,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation to all them that obey him;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and having been perfected, became to all them that obey him, author of eternal salvation;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, being made perfect, became, to all them that obey him, Author of salvation age-abiding;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having been made perfect, he did become to all those obeying him a cause of salvation age-during,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And being consummated, he became, to all that obey him, the cause of eternal salvation:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And being made perfect, he became the authour of eternall saluation vnto all them that obey him,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And so was he perfected, and became unto all them who obey him the Cause of eternal salvation;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And thus he was perfected and became the cause of eternal life to all them who obey him.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
being made perfect, 5048
{5048} Prime
τελειόω
teleioo
{tel-i-o'-o}
From G5046; to complete, that is, (literally) accomplish, or (figuratively) consummate (in character).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
he became 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
the author 159
{0159} Prime
αἴτιος
aitios
{ah'-ee-tee-os}
From the same as G0154; causative, that is, (concretely) a causer.
of eternal 166
{0166} Prime
αἰώνιος
aionios
{ahee-o'-nee-os}
From G0165; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well).
salvation 4991
{4991} Prime
σωτηρία
soteria
{so-tay-ree'-ah}
Feminine of a derivative of G4990 as (properly abstract) noun; rescue or safety (physically or morally).
unto all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
them that obey 5219
{5219} Prime
ὑπακούω
hupakouo
{hoop-ak-oo'-o}
From G5259 and G0191; to hear under (as a subordinate), that is, to listen attentively; by implication to heed or conform to a command or authority.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
him; 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 5:9

_ _ made perfect — completed, brought to His goal of learning and suffering through death (Hebrews 2:10) [Alford], namely, at His glorious resurrection and ascension.

_ _ authorGreek, “cause.”

_ _ eternal salvation — obtained for us in the short “days of Jesus’ flesh” (Hebrews 5:7; compare Hebrews 5:6, “for ever,” Isaiah 45:17).

_ _ unto all ... that obey him — As Christ obeyed the Father, so must we obey Him by faith.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 5:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 5:9

And being perfected — By sufferings, Hebrews 2:10; brought through all to glory. He became the author — The procuring and efficient cause. Of eternal salvation to all that obey him — By doing and suffering his whole will.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 5:9

(5) And being made (k) perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;

(5) The other part of the first comparison: Christ was consecrated by God the Father as the author of our salvation, and an High Priest for ever, and therefore he is a man, though nonetheless he is far above all men.

(k) See (Hebrews 2:10).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
being:

Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom [are] all things, and by whom [are] all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
Hebrews 11:40 God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us should not be made perfect.
Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
Luke 13:32 And he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out devils, and I do cures to day and to morrow, and the third [day] I shall be perfected.
John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
*Gr.

he became:

Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Psalms 68:18-20 Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, [for] the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell [among them]. ... [He that is] our God [is] the God of salvation; and unto GOD the Lord [belong] the issues from death.
Isaiah 45:22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else.
Isaiah 49:6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
Acts 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.
*marg.
Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

eternal:

Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him];
Hebrews 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption [for us].
Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
Psalms 45:17 I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.
Psalms 51:6 Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden [part] thou shalt make me to know wisdom.
Psalms 51:8 Make me to hear joy and gladness; [that] the bones [which] thou hast broken may rejoice.
2 Thessalonians 2:16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given [us] everlasting consolation and good hope through grace,
2 Timothy 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.
Jude 1:21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.

unto:

Hebrews 11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went.
Isaiah 50:10 Who [is] among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh [in] darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.
Isaiah 55:3 Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the sure mercies of David.
Zechariah 6:15 And they [that are] far off shall come and build in the temple of the LORD, and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you. And [this] shall come to pass, if ye will diligently obey the voice of the LORD your God.
Matthew 7:24-27 Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: ... And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it.
Matthew 17:5 While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
Acts 5:32 And we are his witnesses of these things; and [so is] also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him.
Romans 1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:
Romans 2:8 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,
Romans 6:17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.
Romans 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
Romans 15:18 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed,
2 Corinthians 10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 45:17; 51:6, 8; 68:18. Is 45:22; 49:6; 50:10; 55:3. Dn 9:24. Zc 6:15. Mt 7:24; 17:5. Lk 13:32. Jn 19:30. Ac 3:15; 4:12; 5:32. Ro 1:5; 2:8; 6:17; 10:16; 15:18. 2Co 10:5. 2Th 1:8; 2:16. 2Ti 2:10. He 2:3, 10; 9:12, 15; 11:8, 40; 12:2. 1P 1:22. 1Jn 5:20. Jde 1:21.

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