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Hebrews 5:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Who in the days of his flesh, having offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and having been heard for his godly fear,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears to him that was able to save him from death, and was heard, in that he feared;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Who in the days of his flesh, having offered up both supplications and entreaties to him who was able to save him out of death, with strong crying and tears; (and having been heard because of his piety;)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who, in the days of his flesh, having offered up, both supplications and entreaties unto him that was able to save him out of death, with mighty outcries and tears, and been hearkened to by reason of his devoutness,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who in the days of his flesh both prayers and supplications unto Him who was able to save him from death—with strong crying and tears—having offered up, and having been heard in respect to that which he feared,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who in the days of his flesh, with a strong cry and tears, offering up prayers and supplications to him that was able to save him from death, was heard for his reverence.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who in the dayes of his flesh, when hee had offered vp prayers and supplications, with strong crying and teares, vnto him that was able to saue him from death, and was heard, in that he feared.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— When also with flesh he had been clothed, prayer and supplication, with a powerful cry, and with tears, he offered up unto Him who was able from death to revive him, and was heard.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Likewise, when he was clothed in flesh, he presented supplication and entreaty with intense invocation, and with tears, to him who was able to resuscitate him from death; and he was heard.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
days 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
of his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
flesh, 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
when he had offered up 4374
{4374} Prime
προσφέρω
prosphero
{pros-fer'-o}
From G4314 and G5342 (including its alternate); to bear towards, that is, lead to, tender (especially to God), treat.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
x5037
(5037) Complement
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
prayers 1162
{1162} Prime
δέησις
deesis
{deh'-ay-sis}
From G1189; a petition.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
y5037
[5037] Standard
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
supplications 2428
{2428} Prime
ἱκετηρία
hiketeria
{hik-et-ay-ree'-ah}
From a derivative of the base of G2425 (through the idea of approaching for a favor); intreaty.
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
strong 2478
{2478} Prime
ἰσχυρός
ischuros
{is-khoo-ros'}
From G2479; forcible (literally or figuratively).
crying 2906
{2906} Prime
κραυγή
krauge
{krow-gay'}
From G2896; an outcry (in notification, tumult or grief).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
tears 1144
{1144} Prime
δάκρυ
dakru
{dak'-roo}
Of uncertain affinity; a tear.
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
him that was able 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
to save 4982
{4982} Prime
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
death, 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
was heard 1522
{1522} Prime
εἰσακούω
eisakouo
{ice-ak-oo'-o}
From G1519 and G0191; to listen to.
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
in that y575
[0575] Standard
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
he feared; 2124
{2124} Prime
εὐλάβεια
eulabeia
{yoo-lab'-i-ah}
From G2126; properly caution, that is, (religiously) reverence (piety); by implication dread (concretely).
x575
(0575) Complement
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 5:7

_ _ in the days of his flesh — (Hebrews 2:14; Hebrews 10:20). Hebrews 5:7-10 state summarily the subject about to be handled more fully in the seventh and eighth chapters.

_ _ when he had offered — rather, “in that He offered.” His crying and tears were part of the experimental lesson of obedience which He submitted to learn from the Father (when God was qualifying Him for the high priesthood). “Who” is to be construed with “learned obedience” (or rather as Greek,His obedience”; “the obedience” which we all know about). This all shows that “Christ glorified not Himself to be made an High Priest” (Hebrews 5:5), but was appointed thereto by the Father.

_ _ prayers and supplicationsGreek,both prayers and supplications.” In Gethsemane, where He prayed thrice, and on the cross, where He cried, My God, my God ... probably repeating inwardly all the twenty-second Psalm. “Prayers” refer to the mind: “supplications” also to the body (namely, the suppliant attitude) (Matthew 26:39) [Bengel].

_ _ with strong crying and tears — The “tears” are an additional fact here communicated to us by the inspired apostle, not recorded in the Gospels, though implied. Matthew 26:37, “sorrowful and very heavy.” Mark 14:33; Luke 22:44, “in an agony He prayed more earnestly ... His sweat ... great drops of blood falling down to the ground.” Psalms 22:1 (“roaring ... cry”), Psalms 22:2, Psalms 22:19, Psalms 22:21, Psalms 22:24; Psalms 69:3, Psalms 69:10, “I wept.

_ _ able to save him from deathMark 14:36, “All things are possible unto Thee” (John 12:27). His cry showed His entire participation of man’s infirmity: His reference of His wish to the will of God, His sinless faith and obedience.

_ _ heard in that he feared — There is no intimation in the twenty-second Psalm, or the Gospels that Christ prayed to be saved from the mere act of dying. What He feared was the hiding of the Father’s countenance. His holy filial love must rightly have shrunk from this strange and bitterest of trials without the imputation of impatience. To have been passively content at the approach of such a cloud would have been, not faith, but sin. The cup of death He prayed to be freed from was, not corporal, but spiritual death, that is, the (temporary) separation of His human soul from the light of God’s countenance. His prayer was “heard” in His Father’s strengthening Him so as to hold fast His unwavering faith under the trial (My God, my God, was still His filial cry under it, still claiming God as His, though God hid His face), and soon removing it in answer to His cry during the darkness on the cross, “My God, my God,” etc. But see below a further explanation of how He was heard. The Greek literally, is, “Was heard from His fear,” that is, so as to be saved from His fear. Compare Psalms 22:21, which well accords with this, “Save me from the lion’s mouth (His prayer): thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.” Or what better accords with the strict meaning of the Greek noun, “in consequence of His REVERENTIAL FEAR,” that is, in that He shrank from the horrors of separation from the bright presence of the Father, yet was reverentially cautious by no thought or word of impatience to give way to a shadow of distrust or want of perfect filial love. In the same sense Hebrews 12:28 uses the noun, and Hebrews 11:7 the verb. Alford somewhat similarly translates, “By reason of His reverent submission.” I prefer “reverent fear.” The word in derivation means the cautious handling of some precious, yet delicate vessel, which with ruder handling might easily be broken [Trench]. This fully agrees with Jesus’ spirit, “If it be possible ... nevertheless not My will, but Thy will be done”; and with the context, Hebrews 5:5, “Glorified not Himself to be made an High Priest,” implying reverent fear: wherein it appears He had the requisite for the office specified Hebrews 5:4, “No man taketh this honor unto himself.” Alford well says, What is true in the Christian’s life, that what we ask from God, though He may not grant in the form we wish, yet He grants in His own, and that a better form, does not hold good in Christ’s case; for Christ’s real prayer, “not My will, but Thine be done,” in consistency with His reverent fear towards the Father, was granted in the very form in which it was expressed, not in another.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 5:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 5:7

The sum of the things treated of in the seventh and following chapters is contained, Hebrews 5:7-10; and in this sum is admirably comprised the process of his passion, with its inmost causes, in the very terms used by the evangelists. Who in the days of his flesh — Those two days, in particular, wherein his sufferings were at the height. Having offered up prayers and supplications — Thrice. With strong crying and tears — In the garden. To him that was able to save him from death — Which yet he endured, in obedience to the will of his Father. And being heard in that which he particularly feared — When the cup was offered him first, there was set before him that horrible image of a painful, shameful, accursed death, which moved him to pray conditionally against it: for, if he had desired it, his heavenly Father would have sent him more than twelve legions of angels to have delivered him. But what he most exceedingly feared was the weight of infinite justice; the being "bruised" and "put to grief" by the hand of God himself. Compared with this, everything else was a mere nothing; and yet, so greatly did he ever thirst to be obedient to the righteous will of his Father, and to "lay down" even "his life for the sheep," that he vehemently longed to be baptized with this baptism, Luke 12:50. Indeed, his human nature needed the support of Omnipotence; and for this he sent up strong crying and tears: but, throughout his whole life, he showed that it was not the sufferings he was to undergo, but the dishonour that sin had done to so holy a God, that grieved his spotless soul. The consideration of its being the will of God tempered his fear, and afterwards swallowed it up; and he was heard not so that the cup should pass away, but so that he drank it without any fear.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 5:7

(4) Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to (h) save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;

(4) The other part of the second comparison: Christ being exceedingly afflicted and exceedingly merciful did not pray because of his sins, for he had none, but for his fear, and obtained his request, and offered himself for all who are his.

(h) To deliver him from death.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the:

Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
1 John 4:3 And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that [spirit] of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.
2 John 1:7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.

when:

Psalms 22:1-21 [[To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David.]] My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? [why art thou so] far from helping me, [and from] the words of my roaring? ... Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
Psalms 69:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, [A Psalm] of David.]] Save me, O God; for the waters are come in unto [my] soul.
Psalms 88:1 [[A Song [or] Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief Musician upon Mahalath Leannoth, Maschil of Heman the Ezrahite.]] O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day [and] night before thee:
Matthew 26:28-44 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. ... And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.
Mark 14:32-39 And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray. ... And again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words.
Leviticus 2:2 And he shall bring it to Aaron's sons the priests: and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar, [to be] an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD:
Leviticus 4:4-14 And he shall bring the bullock unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD; and shall lay his hand upon the bullock's head, and kill the bullock before the LORD. ... When the sin, which they have sinned against it, is known, then the congregation shall offer a young bullock for the sin, and bring him before the tabernacle of the congregation.
John 17:1 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee:

with:

Matthew 27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
Matthew 27:50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.
Mark 15:34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
Mark 15:37 And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost.

tears:

Isaiah 53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
Isaiah 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
John 11:35 Jesus wept.

unto:

Matthew 26:52-53 Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword. ... Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?
Mark 14:36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things [are] possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.

and:

Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,
Psalms 18:19-20 He brought me forth also into a large place; he delivered me, because he delighted in me. ... The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.
Psalms 22:21 Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
Psalms 22:24 For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard.
Psalms 40:1-3 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] I waited patiently for the LORD; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry. ... And he hath put a new song in my mouth, [even] praise unto our God: many shall see [it], and fear, and shall trust in the LORD.
Psalms 69:13-16 But as for me, my prayer [is] unto thee, O LORD, [in] an acceptable time: O God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation. ... Hear me, O LORD; for thy lovingkindness [is] good: turn unto me according to the multitude of thy tender mercies.
Isaiah 49:8 Thus saith the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;
John 11:42 And I knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the people which stand by I said [it], that they may believe that thou hast sent me.
John 17:4-5 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. ... And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

in that he feared:
or, for his piety,
Hebrews 12:28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:
Matthew 26:37-38 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. ... Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me.
Mark 14:33-34 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; ... And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.
Luke 22:42-44 Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done. ... And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
John 12:27-28 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour. ... Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, [saying], I have both glorified [it], and will glorify [it] again.
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Lv 2:2; 4:4. Ps 18:19; 22:1, 21, 24; 40:1; 69:1, 13; 88:1. Is 49:8; 53:3, 11. Mt 26:28, 37, 52; 27:46, 50. Mk 14:32, 33, 36; 15:34, 37. Lk 22:42. Jn 1:14; 11:35, 42; 12:27; 17:1, 4. Ro 8:3. Ga 4:4. 1Ti 3:16. He 2:14; 12:28; 13:20. 1Jn 4:3. 2Jn 1:7.

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