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Hebrews 5:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who can bear gently with the ignorant and erring, for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— he can deal gently with the ignorant and misguided, since he himself also is beset with weakness;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— being able to exercise forbearance towards the ignorant and erring, since he himself also is clothed with infirmity;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Able, to have a measure of feeling, for the ignorant and erring,—since, he also, is compassed with weakness;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— able to be gentle to those ignorant and going astray, since himself also is compassed with infirmity;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who can have compassion on them that are ignorant and that err: because he himself also is compassed with infirmity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who can haue compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way, for that he himselfe also is compassed with infirmitie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and (is one) who can humble himself, and suffer with those who know not and err, since he also himself with infirmity is clothed.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and he can humble himself, and sympathize with the ignorant and the erring, because he also is clothed with infirmity.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who can 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
have compassion 3356
{3356} Prime
μετριοπαθέω
metriopatheo
{met-ree-op-ath-eh'-o}
From a compound of the base of G3357 and G3806; to be moderate in passion, that is, gentle (to treat indulgently).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
on the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
ignorant, 50
{0050} Prime
ἀγνοέω
agnoeo
{ag-no-eh'-o}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3539; not to know (through lack of information or intelligence); by implication to ignore (through disinclination).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
on them that are out of the way; 4105
{4105} Prime
πλανάω
planao
{plan-ah'-o}
From G4106; to (properly cause to) roam (from safety, truth, or virtue).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
for y1893
[1893] Standard
ἐπεί
epei
{ep-i'}
From G1909 and G1487; there upon, that is, since (of time or cause).
that x1893
(1893) Complement
ἐπεί
epei
{ep-i'}
From G1909 and G1487; there upon, that is, since (of time or cause).
he y4029
[4029] Standard
περίκειμαι
perikeimai
{per-ik'-i-mahee}
From G4012 and G2749; to lie all around, that is, inclose, encircle, hamper (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
x846
(0846) Complement
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
himself y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
is compassed y4029
[4029] Standard
περίκειμαι
perikeimai
{per-ik'-i-mahee}
From G4012 and G2749; to lie all around, that is, inclose, encircle, hamper (literally or figuratively).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
with x4029
(4029) Complement
περίκειμαι
perikeimai
{per-ik'-i-mahee}
From G4012 and G2749; to lie all around, that is, inclose, encircle, hamper (literally or figuratively).
infirmity. 769
{0769} Prime
ἀσθένεια
astheneia
{as-then'-i-ah}
From G0772; feebleness (of body or mind); by implication malady; moral frailty.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 5:2

_ _ Who canGreek, “being able”; not pleasing himself (Romans 15:3).

_ _ have compassionGreek, “estimate mildly,” “feel leniently,” or “moderately towards”; “to make allowance for”; not showing stern rigor save to the obstinate (Hebrews 10:28).

_ _ ignorant — sins not committed in resistance of light and knowledge, but as Paul’s past sin (1 Timothy 1:13). No sacrifice was appointed for willful sin committed with a high hand; for such were to be punished with death; all other sins, namely, ignorances and errors, were confessed and expiated with sacrifices by the high priest.

_ _ out of the way — not deliberately and altogether willfully erring, but deluded through the fraud of Satan and their own carnal frailty and thoughtlessness.

_ _ infirmity — moral weakness which is sinful, and makes men capable of sin, and so requires to be expiated by sacrifices. This kind of “infirmity” Christ had not; He had the “infirmity” of body whereby He was capable of suffering and death.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 5:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 5:2

Who can have compassion — In proportion to the offence: so the Greek word signifies. On the ignorant — Them that are in error. And the wandering — Them that are in sin. Seeing himself also is compassed with infirmity — Even with sinful infirmity; and so needs the compassion which he shows to others.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 5:2

Who (c) can have compassion on the ignorant, and (d) on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is (e) compassed with infirmity.

(c) Fit and meet.

(d) On them that are sinful: for in the Hebrew tongue, under ignorance and error is every sin meant, even that sin that is voluntary.

(e) He carries with him a nature subject to the same inconveniences and vices.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Who:

Hebrews 2:18 For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.
Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as [we are, yet] without sin.

have compassion on:
or, reasonably bear with

ignorant:

Numbers 15:22-29 And if ye have erred, and not observed all these commandments, which the LORD hath spoken unto Moses, ... Ye shall have one law for him that sinneth through ignorance, [both for] him that is born among the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them.
1 Timothy 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did [it] ignorantly in unbelief.

them:

Hebrews 12:13 And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed.
Exodus 32:8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
Judges 2:17 And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; [but] they did not so.
Isaiah 30:11 Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us.

is compassed:

Hebrews 7:28 For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, [maketh] the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.
Exodus 32:2-5 And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which [are] in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring [them] unto me. ... And when Aaron saw [it], he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow [is] a feast to the LORD.
Exodus 32:21-24 And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them? ... And I said unto them, Whosoever hath any gold, let them break [it] off. So they gave [it] me: then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf.
Numbers 12:1-9 And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman. ... And the anger of the LORD was kindled against them; and he departed.
Numbers 20:10-12 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock? ... And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.
Luke 22:32 But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
2 Corinthians 11:30 If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine infirmities.
2 Corinthians 12:5 Of such an one will I glory: yet of myself I will not glory, but in mine infirmities.
2 Corinthians 12:9-10 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. ... Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
Galatians 4:13 Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.
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Ex 32:2, 8, 21. Nu 12:1; 15:22; 20:10. Jg 2:17. Is 30:11. Lk 22:32. 2Co 11:30; 12:5, 9. Ga 4:13. 1Ti 1:13. He 2:18; 4:15; 7:28; 12:13.

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