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Hebrews 5:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But solid food is for fullgrown men, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern good and evil.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But strong food belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but solid food belongs to full-grown men, who, on account of habit, have their senses exercised for distinguishing both good and evil.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, to such as are mature, pertaineth, the strong food, to them who, by reason of habit, have their organs of perception well trained for discriminating both good and evil.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and of perfect men is the strong food, who because of the use are having the senses exercised, unto the discernment both of good and of evil.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But strong meat is for the perfect: for them who by custom have their senses exercised to the discerning of good and evil.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But strong meate belongeth to them that are of full age, [euen] those who by reason of vse haue their senses exercised to discerne both good and euil.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But for the perfect is solid food; those, (namely,) who, because exercised, have trained their senses to distinguish the good and the evil.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But strong food belongeth to the mature who, being investigators, have trained their faculties to discriminate good and evil.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
strong y4731
[4731] Standard
στερεός
stereos
{ster-eh-os'}
From G2476; stiff, that is, solid, stable (literally or figuratively).
meat 5160
{5160} Prime
τροφή
trophe
{trof-ay'}
From G5142; nourishment (literally or figuratively); by implication rations (wages).
x4731
(4731) Complement
στερεός
stereos
{ster-eh-os'}
From G2476; stiff, that is, solid, stable (literally or figuratively).
belongeth x2076
(2076) Complement
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
to them that are y2076
[2076] Standard
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
of full age, 5046
{5046} Prime
τέλειος
teleios
{tel'-i-os}
From G5056; complete (in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, etc.); neuter (as noun, with G3588) completeness.
[even] those who by reason y1223
[1223] Standard
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
of x1223
(1223) Complement
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
use 1838
{1838} Prime
ἕξις
hexis
{hex'-is}
From G2192; habit, that is, (by implication) practice.
have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
their senses 145
{0145} Prime
αἰσθητήριον
aistheterion
{ahee-sthay-tay'-ree-on}
From a derivative of G0143; properly an organ of perception, that is, (figuratively) judgment.
exercised 1128
{1128} Prime
γυμνάζω
gumnazo
{goom-nad'-zo}
From G1131; to practise naked (in the games), that is, train (figuratively).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
to 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
discern 1253
{1253} Prime
διάκρισις
diakrisis
{dee-ak'-ree-sis}
From G1252; judicial estimation.
both 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
good 2570
{2570} Prime
καλός
kalos
{kal-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; properly beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), that is, valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from G0018, which is properly intrinsic).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
evil. 2556
{2556} Prime
κακός
kakos
{kak-os'}
Apparently a primary word; worthless (intrinsically such; whereas G4190 properly refers to effects), that is, (subjectively) depraved, or (objectively) injurious.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 5:14

_ _ strong meat — “solid food.”

_ _ them ... of full age — literally, “perfect”: akin to “perfection” (Hebrews 6:1).

_ _ by reason of useGreek, “habit.”

_ _ senses — organs of sense.

_ _ exercised — similarly connected with “righteousness” in Hebrews 12:11.

_ _ to discern both good and evil — as a child no longer an infant (Isaiah 7:16): so able to distinguish between sound and unsound doctrine. The mere child puts into its mouth things hurtful and things nutritious, without discrimination: but not so the adult. Paul again alludes to their tendency not to discriminate, but to be carried about by strange doctrines, in Hebrews 13:9.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 5:10-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 5:14

But strong meat — These sublimer truths relating to "perfection," Hebrews 6:1. Belong to them of full age, who by habit — Habit here signifies strength of spiritual understanding, arising from maturity of spiritual age. By, or in consequence of, this habit they exercise themselves in these things with ease, readiness, cheerfulness, and profit.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 5:14

But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their (m) senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

(m) All their power by which they understand and judge.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
of full age:
or, perfect,
Matthew 5:48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
1 Corinthians 2:6 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:
Ephesians 4:13 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:
Philippians 3:15 Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you.
James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] able also to bridle the whole body.
*Gr.

use:
or, an habit, or, perfection

their:

Job 6:30 Is there iniquity in my tongue? cannot my taste discern perverse things?
Job 12:11 Doth not the ear try words? and the mouth taste his meat?
Job 34:3 For the ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat.
Psalms 119:103 How sweet are thy words unto my taste! [yea, sweeter] than honey to my mouth!
Song of Songs 1:3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name [is as] ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.
Song of Songs 2:3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so [is] my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit [was] sweet to my taste.
Matthew 6:22-23 The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light. ... But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great [is] that darkness!
Ephesians 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,

to discern:

Genesis 3:5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
2 Samuel 14:17 Then thine handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God, so [is] my lord the king to discern good and bad: therefore the LORD thy God will be with thee.
1 Kings 3:9 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?
1 Kings 3:11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment;
Isaiah 7:15 Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.
Romans 14:1 Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, [but] not to doubtful disputations.
*Gr:
1 Corinthians 2:14-15 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned. ... But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man.
Philippians 1:9-10 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment; ... That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ;
*Gr:
1 Thessalonians 5:21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:5. 2S 14:17. 1K 3:9, 11. Jb 6:30; 12:11; 34:3. Ps 119:103. So 1:3; 2:3. Is 7:15. Mt 5:48; 6:22. Ro 14:1. 1Co 2:6, 14. Ep 1:18; 4:13. Php 1:9; 3:15. 1Th 5:21. Jm 3:2.

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