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Hebrews 5:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For every one that partaketh of milk is without experience of the word of righteousness; for he is a babe.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For every one that useth milk [is] unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For everyone who partakes [only] of milk is not accustomed to the word of righteousness, for he is an infant.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For every one that useth milk, [is] unskillful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For every one that partakes of milk [is] unskilled in the word of righteousness, for he is a babe;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, every one partaking of milk, is unskilled in discourse of righteousness, for he is, a babe;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for every one who is partaking of milk [is] unskilled in the word of righteousness—for he is an infant,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For every one that is a partaker of milk is unskilful in the word of justice: for he is a little child.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For euery one that vseth milke, is vnskilful in the word of righteousnes: for he is a babe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But every one whose food is milk is not versed in the doctrine of righteousness, because he is a babe.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For every one whose food is milk, is unversed in the language of righteousness, because he is a child.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
every one 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
that useth 3348
{3348} Prime
μετέχω
metecho
{met-ekh'-o}
From G3326 and G2192; to share or participate; by implication belong to, eat (or drink).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
milk 1051
{1051} Prime
γάλα
gala
{gal'-ah}
Of uncertain affinity; milk (figuratively).
[is] unskilful 552
{0552} Prime
ἄπειρος
apeiros
{ap'-i-ros}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3984; inexperienced, that is, ignorant.
in the word 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
of righteousness: 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
he is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
a babe. 3516
{3516} Prime
νήπιος
nepios
{nay'-pee-os}
From an obsolete particle νη- [[ne]]-; implying negation and G2031; not speaking, that is, an infant (minor); figuratively a simple minded person, an immature Christian.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 5:13

_ _ usethGreek, “partaketh,” that is, taketh as his portion. Even strong men partake of milk, but do not make milk their chief, much less their sole, diet.

_ _ the word of righteousness — the Gospel wherein “the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith” (Romans 1:17), and which is called “the ministration of righteousness” (2 Corinthians 3:9). This includes the doctrine of justification and sanctification: the first principles, as well as the perfection, of the doctrine of Christ: the nature of the offices and person of Christ as the true Melchisedec, that is, “King of righteousness” (compare Matthew 3:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 5:10-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 5:13

Every one that useth milk — That neither desires, nor can digest, anything else: otherwise strong men use milk; but not milk chiefly, and much less that only. Is unexperienced in the word of righteousness — The sublimer truths of the gospel. Such are all who desire and can digest nothing but the doctrine of justification and imputed righteousness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 5:13

For every one that useth milk [is] unskilful in the (l) word of righteousness: for he is a babe.

(l) In the word that teaches righteousness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
is unskilful:
Gr. hath no experience

the word:

Psalms 119:123 Mine eyes fail for thy salvation, and for the word of thy righteousness.
Romans 1:17-18 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. ... For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
Romans 10:5-6 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them. ... But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down [from above]:)
2 Corinthians 3:9 For if the ministration of condemnation [be] glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

he:

Isaiah 28:9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? [them that are] weaned from the milk, [and] drawn from the breasts.
Matthew 11:25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes.
Mark 10:15 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein.
Romans 2:20 An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law.
1 Corinthians 13:11 When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things.
1 Corinthians 14:20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men.
Ephesians 4:14 That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
1 Peter 2:2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 119:123. Is 28:9. Mt 11:25. Mk 10:15. Ro 1:17; 2:20; 10:5. 1Co 13:11; 14:20. 2Co 3:9. Ep 4:14. 2Ti 3:16. 1P 2:2.

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