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Hebrews 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For indeed we have had good tidings preached unto us, even as also they: but the word of hearing did not profit them, because it was not united by faith with them that heard.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For to us was the gospel preached, as well as to them: but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For indeed we have had glad tidings presented to us, even as they also; but the word of the report did not profit *them*, not being mixed with faith in those who heard.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For we have had delivered to us the joyful message, just as even, they; but the word which was heard did not profit them, they not having been blended, by faith, with the things heard.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for we also are having good news proclaimed, even as they, but the word heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For unto us also it hath been declared in like manner as unto them. But the word of hearing did not profit them, not being mixed with faith of those things they heard.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For vnto vs was the Gospel preached, as well as vnto the: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it].
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For we have been evangelized as well as they: but the word which they heard did not profit them, because not contempered with faith in them who heard it.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For to us also is the announcement, as well as to them: but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not mingled with the faith of those who heard it.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
unto us x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
was y2070
[2070] Standard
ἐσμέν
esmen
{es-men'}
Frist person plural indicative of G1510; we are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the gospel preached, 2097
{2097} Prime
εὐαγγελίζω
euaggelizo
{yoo-ang-ghel-id'-zo}
From G2095 and G0032; to announce good news ('evangelize') especially the gospel.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
x2070
(2070) Complement
ἐσμέν
esmen
{es-men'}
Frist person plural indicative of G1510; we are.
as well as 2509
{2509} Prime
καθάπερ
kathaper
{kath-ap'-er}
From G2505 and G4007; exactly as.
unto them: 2548
{2548} Prime
κἀκεῖνος
kakeinos
{kak-i'-nos}
From G2532 and G1565; likewise that (or those).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
word 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
preached 189
{0189} Prime
ἀκοή
akoe
{ak-o-ay'}
From G0191; hearing (the act, the sense or the thing heard).
did y5623
[5623] Standard
ὠφελέω
opheleo
{o-fel-eh'-o}
From the same as G5622; to be useful, that is, to benefit.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
profit 5623
{5623} Prime
ὠφελέω
opheleo
{o-fel-eh'-o}
From the same as G5622; to be useful, that is, to benefit.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
them, 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
being mixed y4786
[4786] Standard
συγκεράννυμι
sugkerannumi
{soong-ker-an'-noo-mee}
From G4862 and G2767; to commingle, that is, (figuratively) to combine or assimilate.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
with x4786
(4786) Complement
συγκεράννυμι
sugkerannumi
{soong-ker-an'-noo-mee}
From G4862 and G2767; to commingle, that is, (figuratively) to combine or assimilate.
faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
in them that heard 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
[it].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 4:2

_ _ gospel preached ... unto them — in type: the earthly Canaan, wherein they failed to realize perfect rest, suggesting to them that they should look beyond to the heavenly land of rest, to which faith is the avenue, and from which unbelief excludes, as it did from the earthly Canaan.

_ _ the word preached — literally, “the word of hearing”: the word heard by them.

_ _ not being mixed with faith in them that heard — So the Syriac and the Old Latin Versions, older than any of our manuscripts, and Lucifer, read, “As the world did not unite with the hearers in faith.” The word heard being the food which, as the bread of life, must pass into flesh and blood through man’s appropriating it to himself in faith. Hearing alone is of as little value as undigested food in a bad stomach [Tholuck]. The whole of oldest extant manuscript authority supports a different reading, “unmingled as they were (Greek accusative case agreeing with ‘them’) in faith with its hearers,” that is, with its believing, obedient hearers, as Caleb and Joshua. So “hear” is used for “obey” in the context, Hebrews 4:7, “To-day, if ye will hear His voice.” The disobedient, instead of being blended in “the same body,” separated themselves as Korah: a tacit reproof to like separatists from the Christian assembling together (Hebrews 10:25; Jude 1:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 4:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 4:2

But the word which they heard did not profit them — So far from it, that it increased their damnation. It is then only when it is mixed with faith, that it exerts its saving power.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 4:2

(1) For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being (a) mixed with faith in them that heard [it].

(1) By these words "His voice" he shows that David meant the preaching of Christ, who was then also preached, for Moses and the prophets honoured no one else.

(a) He compares the preaching of the gospel to drink, which being drunk, that is to say, heard, profits nothing, unless it is mixed with faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
unto us:

Acts 3:26 Unto you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from his iniquities.
Acts 13:46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.
Galatians 3:8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all nations be blessed.
Galatians 4:13 Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

preached:
Gr. of hearing,
Romans 10:16-17 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? ... So then faith [cometh] by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
*marg.

did:

Romans 2:25 For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision.
1 Corinthians 13:3 And though I bestow all my goods to feed [the poor], and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
1 Timothy 4:8 For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.

not being:
etc. or because they were not united by faith to,
Hebrews 4:6 Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:
Hebrews 3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
Hebrews 3:18-19 And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? ... So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.
Hebrews 11:6 But without faith [it is] impossible to please [him]: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and [that] he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
1 Thessalonians 1:5 For our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake.
1 Thessalonians 2:13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received [it] not [as] the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.
2 Thessalonians 2:12-13 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness. ... But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth:
James 1:21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ac 3:26; 13:46. Ro 2:25; 10:16. 1Co 13:3. Ga 3:8; 4:13. 1Th 1:5; 2:13. 2Th 2:12. 1Ti 4:8. He 3:12, 18; 4:6; 11:6. Jm 1:21. 1P 1:12.

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