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Hebrews 4:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For we have not a high priest that cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but one that hath been in all points tempted like as [we are, yet] without sin.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as [we are, yet] without sin.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as [we are, yet] without sin.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For we have not a high priest who cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but who was in all points tempted as [we are], [yet] without sin.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For we have not a high priest not able to sympathise with our infirmities, but tempted in all things in like manner, sin apart.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For we have not a high-priest unable to have fellow-feeling with our weaknesses, but one tested in all respects, by way of likeness, apart from sin.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for we have not a chief priest unable to sympathise with our infirmities, but [one] tempted in all things in like manner—apart from sin;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For we have not a high priest who cannot have compassion on our infirmities: but one tempted in all things like as we are, without sin.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For wee haue not an high Priest which cannot bee touched with the feeling of our infirmities: but was in all points tempted like as we are, [yet] without sinne.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For we have not an high priest who cannot suffer along with our infirmity, but (one) who, [having been] tempted in every thing as we, (was) separate from sin.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For we have not a high priest, who cannot sympathize with our infirmity; but [one] who was tempted in all respects like us, aside from sin.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
we have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
an high priest 749
{0749} Prime
ἀρχιερεύς
archiereus
{ar-khee-er-yuce'}
From G0746 and G2409; the high priest (literally of the Jews, typically Christ); by extension a chief priest.
which cannot 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
be touched with the feeling y4834
[4834] Standard
συμπαθέω
sumpatheo
{soom-path-eh'-o}
From G4835; to feel 'sympathy' with, that is, (by implication) to commiserate.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
of x4834
(4834) Complement
συμπαθέω
sumpatheo
{soom-path-eh'-o}
From G4835; to feel 'sympathy' with, that is, (by implication) to commiserate.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
infirmities; 769
{0769} Prime
ἀσθένεια
astheneia
{as-then'-i-ah}
From G0772; feebleness (of body or mind); by implication malady; moral frailty.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
was y3985
[3985] Standard
πειράζω
peirazo
{pi-rad'-zo}
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
in 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
all points 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
tempted 3985
{3985} Prime
πειράζω
peirazo
{pi-rad'-zo}
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
z5625
<5625> Grammar
Synonym Strong's Number

The Greek word has more than one possible Strong's number.
y3987
[3987] Standard
πειράω
peirao
{pi-rah'-o}
From G3984; to test (subjectively), that is, (reflexively) to attempt.
like y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
as 3665
{3665} Prime
ὁμοιότης
homoiotes
{hom-oy-ot'-ace}
From G3664; resemblance.
x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
[we are, yet] without 5565
{5565} Prime
χωρίς
choris
{kho-rece'}
Adverb from G5561; at a space, that is, separately or apart from (often as preposition).
sin. 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 4:15

_ _ For — the motive to “holding our profession” (Hebrews 4:14), namely the sympathy and help we may expect from our High Priest. Though “great” (Hebrews 4:14), He is not above caring for us; nay, as being in all points one with us as to manhood, sin only excepted, He sympathizes with us in every temptation. Though exalted to the highest heavens, He has changed His place, not His nature and office in relation to us, His condition, but not His affection. Compare Matthew 26:38, “watch with me”: showing His desire in the days of His flesh for the sympathy of those whom He loved: so He now gives His suffering people His sympathy. Compare Aaron, the type, bearing the names of the twelve tribes in the breastplate of judgment on his heart, when he entered into the holy place, for a memorial before the Lord continually (Exodus 28:29).

_ _ cannot be touched with the feeling ofGreek, “cannot sympathize with our infirmities”: our weaknesses, physical and moral (not sin, but liability to its assaults). He, though sinless, can sympathize with us sinners; His understanding more acutely perceived the forms of temptation than we who are weak can; His will repelled them as instantaneously as the fire does the drop of water cast into it. He, therefore, experimentally knew what power was needed to overcome temptations. He is capable of sympathizing, for He was at the same time tempted without sin, and yet truly tempted [Bengel]. In Him alone we have an example suited to men of every character and under all circumstances. In sympathy He adapts himself to each, as if He had not merely taken on Him man’s nature in general, but also the peculiar nature of that single individual.

_ _ but — “nay, rather, He was (one) tempted” [Alford].

_ _ like as we areGreek, “according to (our) similitude.”

_ _ without sinGreek,choris,” “separate from sin” (Hebrews 7:26). If the Greekaneu” had been used, sin would have been regarded as the object absent from Christ the subject; but choris here implies that Christ, the subject, is regarded as separated from sin the object [Tittmann]. Thus, throughout His temptations in their origin, process, and result, sin had nothing in Him; He was apart and separate from it [Alford].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 4:11-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 4:15

He sympathizes with us even in our innocent infirmities, wants, weaknesses, miseries, dangers. Yet without sin — And, therefore, is indisputably able to preserve us from it in all our temptations.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 4:15

(6) For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as [we are, yet] without sin.

(6) Lest he appear by the great glory of our High Priest, to prevent us from going to him, he adds after, that he is nonetheless our brother indeed, (as he proved before) and that he counts all our miseries as his own, to call us boldly to him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we have:

Hebrews 5:2 Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.
Exodus 23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Isaiah 53:4-5 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. ... But he [was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
Hosea 11:8 How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? [how] shall I deliver thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? [how] shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.
Matthew 8:16-17 When the even was come, they brought unto him many that were possessed with devils: and he cast out the spirits with [his] word, and healed all that were sick: ... That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, Himself took our infirmities, and bare [our] sicknesses.
Matthew 12:20 A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory.
Philippians 2:7-8 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: ... And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.

tempted:

Hebrews 2:17-18 Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto [his] brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things [pertaining] to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. ... For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.
Luke 4:2 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.
Luke 22:28 Ye are they which have continued with me in my temptations.

yet:

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, [who is] holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
Isaiah 53:9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither [was any] deceit in his mouth.
John 8:46 Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me?
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
1 Peter 2:22 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:
1 John 3:5 And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 23:9. Is 53:4, 9. Ho 11:8. Mt 8:16; 12:20. Lk 4:2; 22:28. Jn 8:46. 2Co 5:21. Php 2:7. He 2:17; 5:2; 7:26. 1P 2:22. 1Jn 3:5.

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