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Hebrews 4:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For he that is entered into his rest hath himself also rested from his works, as God did from his.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the one who has entered His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For he that hath entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his.)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For he that has entered into his rest, he also has rested from his works, as God did from his own.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, he that hath entered into his rest, He too, hath rested from his works, just as, from his own, God, [rested].
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for he who did enter into his rest, he also rested from his works, as God from His own.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For he that is entered into his rest, the same also hath rested from his works, as God did from his.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For he that is entred into his rest, hee also hath ceased from his owne works, as God did from his.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For he who is entered into his rest hath also reposed himself from his works, as Aloha (did) from his.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For he who had entered into his rest, hath also rested from his works, as God did from his.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
he that is entered 1525
{1525} Prime
εἰσέρχομαι
eiserchomai
{ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1519 and G2064; to enter (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
rest, 2663
{2663} Prime
κατάπαυσις
katapausis
{kat-ap'-ow-sis}
From G2664; reposing down, that is, (by Hebraism) abode.
he 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hath ceased 2664
{2664} Prime
καταπαύω
katapauo
{kat-ap-ow'-o}
From G2596 and G3973; to settle down, that is, (literally) to colonize, or (figuratively) to (cause to) desist.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
his own y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
works, 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
as 5618
{5618} Prime
ὥσπερ
hosper
{hoce'-per}
From G5613 and G4007; just as, that is, exactly like.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
[did] from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
his. 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 4:10

_ _ For — justifying and explaining the word “rest,” or “Sabbatism,” just used (see on Hebrews 4:9).

_ _ he that is entered — whosoever once enters.

_ _ his restGod’s rest: the rest prepared by God for His people [Estius]. Rather, “His rest”: the man’s rest: that assigned to him by God as his. The Greek is the same as that for “his own” immediately after.

_ _ hath ceased — The Greek aorist is used of indefinite time, “is wont to cease,” or rather, “rest”: rests. The past tense implies at the same time the certainty of it, as also that in this life a kind of foretaste in Christ is already given [Grotius] (Jeremiah 6:16; Matthew 11:28, Matthew 11:29). Our highest happiness shall, according to this verse, consist in our being united in one with God, and molded into conformity with Him as our archetype [Calvin].

_ _ from his own works — even from those that were good and suitable to the time of doing work. Labor was followed by rest even in Paradise (Genesis 2:3, Genesis 2:15). The work and subsequent rest of God are the archetype to which we should be conformed. The argument is: He who once enters rest, rests from labors; but God’s people have not yet rested from them, therefore they have not yet entered the rest, and so it must be still future. Alford translates, “He that entered into his (or else God’s, but rather ‘his’; Isaiah 11:10, ‘His rest’: ‘the joy of the Lord,Matthew 25:21, Matthew 25:23) rest (namely, Jesus, our Forerunner, Hebrews 4:14; Hebrews 6:20, ‘The Son of God that is passed through the heavens’: in contrast to Joshua the type, who did not bring God’s people into the heavenly rest), he himself (emphatical) rested from his works (Hebrews 4:4), as God (did) from His own” (so the Greek, “works”). The argument, though generally applying to anyone who has entered his rest, probably alludes to Jesus in particular, the antitypical Joshua, who, having entered His rest at the Ascension, has ceased or rested from His work of the new creation, as God on the seventh day rested from the work of physical creation. Not that He has ceased to carry on the work of redemption, nay, He upholds it by His mediation; but He has ceased from those portions of the work which constitute the foundation; the sacrifice has been once for all accomplished. Compare as to God’s creation rest, once for all completed, and rested from, but now still upheld (see on Hebrews 4:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 4:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 4:10

For they do not yet so rest. Therefore a fuller rest remains for them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 4:10

(c) For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his.

(c) As God rested the seventh day, so must we rest from our works, that is, from those things that proceed from our corrupt nature.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he that:

Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
Hebrews 10:12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;
Revelation 14:13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed [are] the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.

hath:

John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
1 Peter 4:1-2 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; ... That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.

as:

Hebrews 4:3-4 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. ... For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.
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Jn 19:30. He 1:3; 4:3; 10:12. 1P 4:1. Rv 14:13.

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