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Hebrews 3:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Where your fathers tried [me] by proving [me], And saw my works forty years.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— where your fathers tempted [me], by proving [me], and saw my works forty years.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When your fathers tested by proving, and saw my works forty years.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— in which tempt Me did your fathers, they did prove Me, and saw My works forty years;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Where your fathers tempted me, proved and saw my works,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— When your fathers tempted me, prooued me, and saw my works fourty yeeres.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— when your fathers tempted me, and proved (and) saw my works forty years.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— when your fathers tempted me, and proved, [and] saw my works forty years.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
When 3757
{3757} Prime
Genitive case of G3739 as adverb; at which place, that is, where.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
fathers 3962
{3962} Prime
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
tempted 3985
{3985} Prime
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
me, 3165
{3165} Prime
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
proved 1381
{1381} Prime
From G1384; to test (literally or figuratively); by implication to approve.
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
me, 3165
{3165} Prime
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
saw 1492
{1492} Prime
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
my 3450
{3450} Prime
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
works 2041
{2041} Prime
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
forty 5062
{5062} Prime
The decade of G5064; forty.
years. 2094
{2094} Prime
Apparently a primary word; a year.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 3:7-11.

Hebrews 3:9

_ _ When — rather, “Where,” namely, in the wilderness.

_ _ your fathers — The authority of the ancients is not conclusive [Bengel].

_ _ tempted me, proved me — The oldest manuscripts read, “tempted (Me) in the way of testing,” that is, putting (Me) to the proof whether I was able and willing to relieve them, not believing that I am so.

_ _ saw my works forty years — They saw, without being led thereby to repentance, My works of power partly in affording miraculous help, partly in executing vengeance, forty years. The “forty years” joined in the Hebrew and Septuagint, and below, Hebrews 3:17, with “I was grieved,” is here joined with “they saw.” Both are true; for, during the same forty years that they were tempting God by unbelief, notwithstanding their seeing God’s miraculous works, God was being grieved. The lesson intended to be hinted to the Hebrew Christians is, their “to-day” is to last only between the first preaching of the Gospel and Jerusalem’s impending overthrow, namely, FORTY YEARS; exactly the number of years of Israel’s sojourn in the wilderness, until the full measure of their guilt having been filled up all the rebels were overthrown.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 3:7-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 3:9

Where your fathers — That hard — hearted and stiff — necked generation. So little cause had their descendants to glory in them. Tempted me — Whether I could and would help them. Proved me — Put my patience to the proof, even while they saw my glorious works both of judgment and mercy, and that for forty years.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 19:4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and [how] I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself.
Exodus 20:22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.
Deuteronomy 4:3 Your eyes have seen what the LORD did because of Baalpeor: for all the men that followed Baalpeor, the LORD thy God hath destroyed them from among you.
Deuteronomy 4:9 Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life: but teach them thy sons, and thy sons' sons;
Deuteronomy 11:7 But your eyes have seen all the great acts of the LORD which he did.
Deuteronomy 29:2 And Moses called unto all Israel, and said unto them, Ye have seen all that the LORD did before your eyes in the land of Egypt unto Pharaoh, and unto all his servants, and unto all his land;
Joshua 23:3 And ye have seen all that the LORD your God hath done unto all these nations because of you; for the LORD your God [is] he that hath fought for you.
Joshua 24:7 And when they cried unto the LORD, he put darkness between you and the Egyptians, and brought the sea upon them, and covered them; and your eyes have seen what I have done in Egypt: and ye dwelt in the wilderness a long season.
Luke 7:22 Then Jesus answering said unto them, Go your way, and tell John what things ye have seen and heard; how that the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to the poor the gospel is preached.


Numbers 14:33 And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness.
Deuteronomy 8:2 And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no.
Deuteronomy 8:4 Thy raiment waxed not old upon thee, neither did thy foot swell, these forty years.
Joshua 5:6 For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till all the people [that were] men of war, which came out of Egypt, were consumed, because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: unto whom the LORD sware that he would not shew them the land, which the LORD sware unto their fathers that he would give us, a land that floweth with milk and honey.
Amos 2:10 Also I brought you up from the land of Egypt, and led you forty years through the wilderness, to possess the land of the Amorite.
Acts 7:36 He brought them out, after that he had shewed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red sea, and in the wilderness forty years.
Acts 13:8 But Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his name by interpretation) withstood them, seeking to turn away the deputy from the faith.
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Ex 19:4; 20:22. Nu 14:33. Dt 4:3, 9; 8:2, 4; 11:7; 29:2. Jsh 5:6; 23:3; 24:7. Am 2:10. Lk 7:22. Ac 7:36; 13:8.

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