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Hebrews 3:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore, even as the Holy Spirit saith, To-day if ye shall hear his voice,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore, just as the Holy Spirit says, “TODAY IF YOU HEAR HIS VOICE,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore (as the Holy Spirit saith, To-day if ye will hear his voice,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore, even as says the Holy Spirit, To-day if ye will hear his voice,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore,—according as saith the Holy Spirit—Today, if, unto his voice ye would hearken, do not
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Wherefore, (as the Holy Spirit saith, 'To-day, if His voice ye may hear—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore, as the Holy Ghost saith: To-day if you shall hear his voice,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherfore as the holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will heare his voyce,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Therefore the Spirit of Holiness hath said, To-day if ye will hear his voice,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Because the Holy Spirit hath said: To-day, if ye will hear his voice,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 1352
{1352} Prime
From G1223 and G3739; through which thing, that is, consequently.
(as 2531
{2531} Prime
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Holy 40
{0040} Prime
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
Ghost 4151
{4151} Prime
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
saith, 3004
{3004} Prime
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
To day 4594
{4594} Prime
Neuter (as adverb) of a presumed compound of the article G3588 ('tau' changed to 'sigma') and G2250; on the (that is, this) day (or night current or just passed); genitively now (that is, at present, hitherto).
if 1437
{1437} Prime
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
ye will hear 191
{0191} Prime
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
his 846
{0846} Prime
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
voice, 5456
{5456} Prime
Probably akin to G5316 through the idea of disclosure; a tone (articulate, bestial or artificial); by implication an address (for any purpose), saying or language.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 3:7-11

_ _ Exhortation from Psalms 95:7-11, not through unbelief to lose participation in the spiritual house. Seeing that we are the house of God if we hold fast our confidence ... (Hebrews 3:6). Jesus is “faithful,” be not ye unfaithful (Hebrews 3:2, Hebrews 3:12). The sentence beginning with “wherefore,” interrupted by the parenthesis confirming the argument from Psalms 95:7-11, is completed at Hebrews 3:12, “Take heed,” etc.

_ _ Holy Ghost saith — by the inspired Psalmist; so that the words of the latter are the words of God Himself.

_ _ To-day — at length; in David’s day, as contrasted with the days of Moses in the wilderness, and the whole time since then, during which they had been rebellious against God’s voice; as for instance, in the wilderness (Hebrews 3:8). The Psalm, each fresh time when used in public worship, by “to-day,” will mean the particular day when it was, or is, used.

_ _ hear — obediently.

_ _ his voice — of grace.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Hebrews 3:7-19

_ _ Here the apostle proceeds in pressing upon them serious counsels and cautions to the close of the chapter; and he recites a passage out of Psalms 95:7, etc., where observe,

_ _ I. What he counsels them to do — to give a speedy and present attention to the call of Christ. “Hear his voice, assent to, approve of, and consider, what God in Christ speaks unto you; apply it to yourselves with suitable affections and endeavours, and set about it this very day, for tomorrow it may be too late.”

_ _ II. What he cautions them against — hardening their hearts, turning the deaf ear to the calls and counsels of Christ: “When he tells you of the evil of sin, the excellency of holiness, the necessity of receiving him by faith as your Saviour, do not shut your ear and heart against such a voice as this.” Observe, The hardening of our hearts is the spring of all our other sins.

_ _ III. Whose example he warns them by — that of the Israelites their fathers in the wilderness: As in the provocation and day of temptation; this refers to that remarkable passage at Massah Meribah, Exodus 17:2-7. Observe,

_ _ 1. Days of temptation are often days of provocation.

_ _ 2. To provoke God, when he is trying us, and letting us see that we entirely depend and live immediately upon him, is a provocation with a witness.

_ _ 3. The sins of others, especially our relations, should be a warning to us. Our fathers' sins and punishments should be remembered by us, to deter us from following their evil examples. Now as to the sin of the fathers of the Jews, here reflected upon, observe,

_ _ (1.) The state in which these fathers were, when they thus sinned: they were in the wilderness, brought out of Egypt, but not got into Canaan, the thoughts whereof should have restrained them from sin.

_ _ (2.) The sin they were guilty of: they tempted and provoked God; they distrusted God, murmured against Moses, and would not attend to the voice of God.

_ _ (3.) The aggravations of their sin: they sinned in the wilderness, where they had a more immediate dependence upon God: they sinned when God was trying them; they sinned when they saw his works — works of wonder wrought for their deliverance out of Egypt, and their support and supply in the wilderness from day to day. They continued thus to sin against God for forty years. These were heinous aggravations.

_ _ (4.) The source and spring of such aggravated sins, which were, [1.] They erred in their hearts; and these heart-errors produced many other errors in their lips and lives. [2.] They did not know God's ways, though he had walked before them. They did not know his ways; neither those ways of his providence in which he had walked towards them, nor those ways of his precept in which they ought to have walked towards God; they did not observe either his providences or his ordinances in a right manner.

_ _ (5.) The just and great resentment God had at their sins, and yet the great patience he exercised towards them (Hebrews 3:10): Wherefore I was grieved with that generation. Note, [1.] All sin, especially sin committed by God's professing privileged people, does not only anger and affront God, but it grieves him. [2.] God is loth to destroy his people in or for their sin, he waits long to be gracious to them. [3.] God keeps an exact account of the time that people go on in sinning against him, and in grieving him by their sins; but at length, if they by their sins continue to grieve the Spirit of God, their sins shall be made grievous to their own spirits, either in a way of judgment or mercy.

_ _ (6.) The irreversible doom passed upon them at last for their sins. God swore in his wrath that they should not enter into his rest, the rest either of an earthly or of a heavenly Canaan. Observe, [1.] Sin, long continued in, will kindle the divine wrath, and make it flame out against sinners. [2.] God's wrath will discover itself in its righteous resolution to destroy the impenitent; he will swear in his wrath, not rashly, but righteously, and his wrath will make their condition a restless condition; there is no resting under the wrath of God.

_ _ IV. What use the apostle makes of their awful example, Hebrews 3:12, Hebrews 3:13, etc. He gives the Hebrews a proper caution, and enforces it with an affectionate compellation.

_ _ 1. He gives the Hebrews a proper caution; the word is, Take heed, blepetelook to it. “Look about you; be upon your guard against enemies both within and without; be circumspect. You see what kept many of your forefathers out of Canaan, and made their carcasses fall in the wilderness; take heed lest you fall into the same sin and snare and dreadful sentence. For you see Christ is head of the church, a much greater person than Moses, and your contempt of him must be a greater sin than their contempt of Moses; and so you are in danger of falling under a severer sentence than they.” Observe, The ruin of others should be a warning to us to take heed of the rock they split upon. Israel's fall should for ever be a warning to all who come after them; for all these things happened to them for ensamples (1 Corinthians 10:11), and should be remembered by us. Take heed; all who would get safely to heaven must look about them.

_ _ 2. He enforces the admonition with an affectionate compellation: “Brethren, not only in the flesh, but in the Lord; brethren whom I love, and for whose welfare I labour and long.” And here he enlarges upon the matter of the admonition: Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God. Here observe, (1.) A heart of unbelief is an evil heart. Unbelief is a great sin, it vitiates the heart of man. (2.) An evil heart of unbelief is at the bottom of all our sinful departures from God; it is a leading step to apostasy; if once we allow ourselves to distrust God, we may soon desert him. (3.) Christian brethren have need to be cautioned against apostasy. Let those that think they stand take heed lest they fall.

_ _ 3. He subjoins good counsel to the caution, and advises them to that which would be a remedy against this evil heart of unbelief — that they should exhort one another daily, while it is called today, Hebrews 3:13. Observe, (1.) We should be doing all the good we can to one another while we are together, which will be but a short and uncertain time. (2.) Since tomorrow is none of ours, we must make the best improvement of today. (3.) If Christians do not exhort one another daily, they will be in danger of being hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. Note, [1.] There is a great deal of deceitfulness in sin; it appears fair, but is filthy; it appears pleasant, but is pernicious; it promises much, but performs nothing. [2.] The deceitfulness of sin is of a hardening nature to the soul; one sin allowed prepares for another; every act of sin confirms the habit; sinning against conscience is the way to sear the conscience; and therefore it should be the great concern of every one to exhort himself and others to beware of sin.

_ _ 4. He comforts those who not only set out well, but hold on well, and hold out to the end (Hebrews 3:14): We are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast to the end. Here observe, (1.) The saints' privilege: they are made partakers of Christ, that is, of the Spirit, nature, graces, righteousness, and life of Christ; they are interested in all that is Christ's, in all that he is, in all that he has done, or can do. (2.) The condition on which they hold that privilege, namely, their perseverance in the bold and open profession and practice of Christ and Christianity unto the end. Not but they shall persevere, being kept by the mighty power of God through faith to salvation, but to be pressed thus to it is one means by which Christ helps his people to persevere. This tends to make them watchful and diligent, and so keeps them from apostasy. Here observe, [1.] The same spirit with which Christians set out in the ways of God they should maintain and evidence to the end. Those who begin seriously, and with lively affections and holy resolutions and humble reliance, should go on in the same spirit. But, [2.] There are a great many who in the beginning of their profession show a great deal of courage and confidence, but do not hold them fast to the end. [3.] Perseverance in faith is the best evidence of the sincerity of our faith.

_ _ 5. The apostle resumes what he had quoted before from Psalms 95:7, etc., and he applies it closely to those of that generation, Hebrews 3:15, Hebrews 3:16, etc. While it is said, Today if you will hear, etc.; as if he should say, “What was recited before from that scripture belonged not only to former ages, but to you now, and to all who shall come after you; that you take heed you fall not into the same sins, lest you fall under the same condemnation.” The apostle tells them that though some who had heard the voice of God did provoke him, yet all did not so. Observe, (1.) Though the majority of hearers provoked God by unbelief, yet some there were who believed the report. (2.) Though the hearing of the word be the ordinary means of salvation, yet, if it be not hearkened to, it will expose men more to the anger of God. (3.) God will have a remnant that shall be obedient to his voice, and he will take care of such and make mention of them with honour. (4.) If these should fall in a common calamity, yet they shall partake of eternal salvation, while disobedient hearers perish for ever.

_ _ 6. The apostle puts some queries upon what had been before mentioned, and gives proper answers to them (Hebrews 3:17-19): But with whom was he grieved forty years? With those that sinned. And to whom did he swear? etc. Whence observe, (1.) God is grieved only with those of his people who sin against him, and continue in sin. (2.) God is grieved and provoked most by sins publicly committed by the generality of a nation; when sin becomes epidemic, it is most provoking. (3.) Though God grieves long, and bears long, when pressed with the weight of general and prevailing wickedness, yet he will at length ease himself of public offenders by public judgments. (4.) Unbelief (with rebellion which is the consequent of it) is the great damning sin of the world, especially of those who have a revelation of the mind and will of God. This sin shuts up the heart of God, and shuts up the gate of heaven, against them; it lays them under the wrath and curse of God, and leaves them there; so that in truth and justice to himself he is obliged to cast them off for ever.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 3:7

Wherefore — Seeing he is faithful, be not ye unfaithful. Psalms 95:7, &c.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 3:7

Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye (f) will hear his voice,

(f) So that God was to speak once again after Moses.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Hebrews 9:8 The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:
2 Samuel 23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word [was] in my tongue.
Matthew 22:43 He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,
Mark 12:36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Acts 1:16 Men [and] brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.
Acts 28:25 And when they agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers,
2 Peter 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.

To day:

Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
Hebrews 3:15 While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation.
Hebrews 4:7 Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
Psalms 95:7-11 For he [is] our God; and we [are] the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, ... Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.
Proverbs 27:1 Boast not thyself of to morrow; for thou knowest not what a day may bring forth.
Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do [it] with thy might; for [there is] no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.
Isaiah 55:6 Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:
2 Corinthians 6:1-2 We then, [as] workers together [with him], beseech [you] also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain. ... (For he saith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee: behold, now [is] the accepted time; behold, now [is] the day of salvation.)
James 4:13-15 Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: ... For that ye [ought] to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that.


Psalms 81:11 But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me.
Psalms 81:13 Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, [and] Israel had walked in my ways!
Isaiah 55:3 Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the sure mercies of David.
Matthew 17:5 While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
John 5:25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.
John 10:3 To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.
John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, [and] one shepherd.
John 10:27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
Revelation 3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 23:2. Ps 81:11, 13; 95:7. Pv 27:1. Ec 9:10. Is 55:3, 6. Mt 17:5; 22:43. Mk 12:36. Jn 5:25; 10:3, 16, 27. Ac 1:16; 28:25. 2Co 6:1. He 3:13, 15; 4:7; 9:8. Jm 4:13. 2P 1:21. Rv 3:20.

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