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Hebrews 3:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For who, when they heard, did provoke? nay, did not all they that came out of Egypt by Moses?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For who provoked [Him] when they had heard? Indeed, did not all those who came out of Egypt [led] by Moses?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For some, when they had heard, did provoke: yet, not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (for who was it, who, having heard, provoked? but [was it] not all who came out of Egypt by Moses?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, who, though they heard, caused embitterment? Nay, indeed! did not all who come forth out of Egypt through Moses?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for certain having heard did provoke, but not all who did come out of Egypt through Moses;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For some who heard did provoke: but not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For some when they had heard, did prouoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For who are they who heard and provoked him? Not all they who came out of Metsreen by the hand of Musha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But who were they that heard, and angered him? It was not all they, who came out of Egypt under Moses.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
some, 5100
{5100} Prime
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
when they had heard, 191
{0191} Prime
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
did provoke: 3893
{3893} Prime
From G3844 and G4087; to embitter alongside, that is, (figuratively) to exasperate.
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
howbeit 235
{0235} Prime
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
not 3756
{3756} Prime
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
that came 1831
{1831} Prime
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
out of 1537
{1537} Prime
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
Egypt 125
{0125} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; AEgyptus, the land of the Nile.
by 1223
{1223} Prime
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
Moses. 3475
{3475} Prime
Of Hebrew origin [H4872]; Moseus, Moses or Mouses (that is, Mosheh), the Hebrew lawgiver.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 3:16

_ _ For some — rather interrogatively, “For WHO was it that, when they had heard (referring to ‘if ye will hear,Hebrews 3:15), did provoke (God)?” The “For” implies, Ye need to take heed against unbelief: for, was it not because of unbelief that all our fathers were excluded (Ezekiel 2:3)? “Some,” and “not all,” would be a faint way of putting his argument, when his object is to show the universality of the evil. Not merely some, but all the Israelites, for the solitary exceptions, Joshua and Caleb, are hardly to be taken into account in so general a statement. So Hebrews 3:17, Hebrews 3:18, are interrogative: (1) the beginning of the provocation, soon after the departure from Egypt, is marked in Hebrews 3:16; (2) the forty years of it in the wilderness, Hebrews 3:17; (3) the denial of entrance into the land of rest, Hebrews 3:18. Compare Note, see on 1 Corinthians 10:5, “with the majority of them God was displeased.”

_ _ howbeit — “Nay (why need I put the question?), was it not all that came out of Egypt?” (Exodus 17:1, Exodus 17:2).

_ _ by Moses — by the instrumentality of Moses as their leader.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 3:7-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 3:16

Were they not all that came out of Egypt — An awful consideration! The whole elect people of God (a very few excepted) provoked God presently after their great deliverance, continued to grieve his Spirit for forty years, and perished in their sin!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Hebrews 3:9-10 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. ... Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways.
Numbers 14:2 And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness!
Numbers 14:4 And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt.
Numbers 26:65 For the LORD had said of them, They shall surely die in the wilderness. And there was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.
Psalms 78:17 And they sinned yet more against him by provoking the most High in the wilderness.


Numbers 14:24 But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it.
Numbers 14:30 Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, [concerning] which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.
Numbers 14:38 But Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, [which were] of the men that went to search the land, lived [still].
Deuteronomy 1:36 Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh; he shall see it, and to him will I give the land that he hath trodden upon, and to his children, because he hath wholly followed the LORD.
Deuteronomy 1:38 [But] Joshua the son of Nun, which standeth before thee, he shall go in thither: encourage him: for he shall cause Israel to inherit it.
Joshua 14:7-11 Forty years old [was] I when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me from Kadeshbarnea to espy out the land; and I brought him word again as [it was] in mine heart. ... As yet I [am as] strong this day as [I was] in the day that Moses sent me: as my strength [was] then, even so [is] my strength now, for war, both to go out, and to come in.
Romans 11:4-5 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to [the image of] Baal. ... Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace.
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Nu 14:2, 4, 24, 30, 38; 26:65. Dt 1:36, 38. Jsh 14:7. Ps 78:17. Ro 11:4. He 3:9.

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